Atrial flutter is a condition, which needs to be treated immediately, once diagnosed. Don`t hesitate to ask for professional medical help if you have problems with your heartbeat. Not only can you find here useful information about your disease, you can also book a private consultation with the best specialists in cardiology.
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Atrial flutter is dysfunctional heart rhythm in the heart atria. The number of random atrial contractions during atrial flutter varies from 350 to 799 beats per 1 minute. Normal human heartbeat is approximately 120 beats per minute. If heart beat exceeds this number, a person is diagnosed with tachycardia. Atrial flutter is most characteristic for people who have hypertension and disease of coronary artery. Each case of this disease is very individual. General condition of the patients can can vary satisfactory to moderate or severe. In that case the patient has pale skin and suffers from cyanosis of the mucous membranes and swelling of jugular veins. There are two manifestations of this disease: permanent long-term arrhythmia and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation which attacks can last up to 7 days. Long-term atrial fibrillation can result in such complications as violation of hemodynamics and heart failure. Thromboembolism, which is formation of blood clots in the atria, is another complication of this disease. Thromboembolism can develop in cerebral vessels, mesentery, kidney, spleen, lungs, limbs and peripheral vessels. Mortality rate among patients with chronic atrial fibrillation is approximately 30%. This is because of ventricular arrhythmia, which can result in sudden death.
Main causes are:
Sometimes atrial fibrillation can be caused to inveterate consumption of alcohol, strong coffee, smoking, stress and strong negative emotions. Patients with renal and biliary colic may also develop asymptomatic atrial fibrillation.
Diagnosis of this disease is usually done by cardiologist on the basis of: