About the disease
Chondroma is a tumor of the bones. It is slow-growing and also considered to be rare. It develops in the mature cartilage of the bones. Also, chondromas most commonly develop in the cranial region of the body, which mostly includes the skull area.
As they develop, they start to affect the bone where tumor originated. If not treated on time, chondroma can lead to compression of the brain, but tumor will invade or affect the brain as well, as it is benign. In case the brain was compressed by chondroma, the damage to the cranial nerves may develop as well, leading to headaches. Also, there can be problems with the vision due to this tumor. Nonetheless, it is rare for this tumor to progress to the point when it causes brain compression and if it does, doctors are usually able to resect the tumor on time and prevent complications. In most cases chondroma is asymptomatic and a lot of time may pass before a person will discover they have chondroma. Before it manifests itself in symptoms, chondroma can indeed be discovered accidentally when checking for some other conditions.
According to Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology, this condition affects both males and females equally. Also, this condition has very good prognosis especially upon timely diagnosis. The risk of future recurrence is less than 10% and surgery and treatment are both able to bring the person to full recovery.
In extremely rare cases chondromas can become malignant, that's why it is important to undergo full diagnosis.
In most cases chondroma is asymptomatic. It can manifest itself in such symptoms when it leads to brain compression or if the tumor became malignant:
- Loss of consciousness
- Vision problems
- Concentration problems
- During a general examination, the doctor will examine the cranial area to determine if there are any nodules or masses that can be palpated.
- The doctor will ask about the symptoms above.
- MRI and CT scan are imaging tests used to examine the cranial area and determine if there is tumor. These tests are helpful in determining the exact location of the tumor and also its size.
- A biopsy may be used if there is suspicion of the malignancy of the tumor.
- Surgery resection is the most effective type of chondroma treatment. It resects the tumor and also relieves the pressure in cranial are in case the tumor is large in size. A person may be preparing for this treatment several days after surgery to avoid complications and side effects afterwards.