About the disease
Turbinal hyperplasia is a condition which develops in the nasal septum in the form of inflammation. It is an immune condition, when an immune system attacks nasal cavity. An immune system thinks that there is either bacterial or chemical reaction in the nasal cavity and starts to affect the turbinates. Such response from immune system can develop from allergies, infections and irritants, such as polluted air or chemicals.
Turbinates are two bones that protrude into the nasal passages. They are responsible for directing the air into the nasal cavity. They are also responsible for filtering and heating the air to the right temperature, so that when it is in the nasal cavity it will not cause any irritation and pass down to the lungs properly. These bones are also responsible for humidifying the air which we breathe in.
In general, turbinal hyperplasia can develop due to various environmental factors and also to previous infections. previous surgery in nasal cavity can lead to turbinal hyperplasia as well. When a person develops turbinal hyperplasia, his turbinates become larger due to irritants.
The reason why turbinates swell is that they are covered by membranes which contain blood vessels. In case turbinates become inflamed, these membranes become enlarged, making turbinates enlarged as well.
If not treated on time, turbinal hyperplasia can lead to chronic snoring and also problems with night sleep. All in all, it takes to remove the irritants and allergens that caused turbinal hyperplasia to treat it.
- Inability to take full breaths with the nose
- Excessive mucus formation from the nose
- Labored breathing in some cases
- During a general examination, the doctor will examine the nasal cavity and turbinates to determine if they are inflamed and enlarged.
- The doctor then will determine the cause of inflammation by asking about previous nasal infections and also possible exposure to certain environmental hazards, such as polluted air or inhaled chemicals. People who work at chemical factories or construction sites are in the risk group.
- An allergen test is used to determine which allergen caused turbinates to become enlarged. After the allergen had been established, it is important to prevent further contact with it so that allergic reactions stop.
- Imaging tests are used to determine if there are polyps or cysts which can be causing inflammation of the turbinates.
- It is important to eliminate the cause which contributed to development of turbinal hyperplasia.
- Conchotomy of turbinate is a procedure used to reduce the size of turbinates and thus prevent them from swelling.
- Electric coagulation of mucosa is used to coagulate the membranes around the turbinates so that they do not swell and inflammation subsides.