diagnostic:Pulmonary lymphoma. Diagnostic abroad
Pulmonary lymphoma is often developed in the background of an acute immune deficiency. The formations may differ by morphology, degree of aggressiveness and response to treatment. Therefore, during diagnosis, it is important not only to confirm the malignant nature of the disease, but also to identify its particular species.
The diagnosis is based on clinical picture of the disease, case history and test findings. The range of activities will include:
1. Complete blood count. In the case of non-Hodgkin lymphomas, the patients show a reduction or increase in the number of white blood cells, and in the case of Hodgkin lymphoma, an increase in eosinophil levels and reduction of red blood cells is observed. If any form of the disease, the ESR is increased.
2. Blood chemistry with a complete hemogram. The level of lactate dehydrogenase determines the degree of malignancy. Changes in serum creatinine and uric acid indicate hepatic dysfunction, which is also affected by cancer.
3. Abdominal ultrasound. Once in the liver and spleen with the flow of lymph, the malignant cells cause their enlargement.
4. Comprehensive CT/MRI. They allow assessing the overall status of all body systems.
5. Bronchoscopy with focused biopsy. A special optical instrument, the bronchoscope, is introduced into the tracheobronchial tree and used to examine the mucous membranes. Under optical control, the physician takes a piece of lung tissue and sends the same to the laboratory. There it is subjected to cytological, histological and immunophenotypic studies.
In the course of diagnosing, the patient is prescribed medicines alleviating the disease symptoms. The medical support of all activities is provided by the nursing staff of the clinic. Guided by the findings, the physician establishes an accurate diagnosis and provides recommendations for further treatment.Hide