Extrinsic allergic alveolitis is inflammation of the lung tissues caused by prolonged inhalation of organic particles. This disease is widespread among workers of the farms, paint and paper industries. Often, it is diagnosed for parrot owners. The diagnosis confirmation requires a careful examination of the patient.
During the first visit, the pulmonologist reviews the case history and conducts physical examination. Besides, the patients is prescribed to pass the following tests:
- common blood count,
- microbiological examination of sputum,
- chest X-ray,
- bronchoalveolar lavage fluid study,
- allergy blood tests,
- skin application tests,
- functional lung test,
- chest CT/MRI
- bronchoscopy subject to taking of a sample for histological analysis.
Based on diagnostics findings, the physician determines the exact cause of the disease and identifies the degree of the lung damage.
The main treatment is to eliminate the contact with allergen. If this measure does not bring relief, the patient is prescribed a symptomatic therapy. In severe cases, the oxygen is prescribed. Recommendations for further treatment and lifestyle are developed for each case individually.