Cancer:Esophageal cancer — Diagnosis and conservative treatment with 1 course of chemotherapy. Treatment abroad
Esophageal cancer is the eighth in the list of the most common oncological pathologies and third among malignant tumors of the digestive tract. The optimal method of treatment is chosen based on the tumor nature and location. Starting from the 2nd process stage, chemotherapy may be recommended to patients.
The ability to use chemotherapy drugs is determined by an oncologist. The first treatment is preceded by a thorough examination, which includes:
- review of the case history and functional status of the patient,
- complete and biochemical blood counts,
- blood test for tumor markers,
- abdominal ultrasound,
- CT or MRI scan of the chest and abdomen.
To clarify the degree of damage to the esophagus, a gastroscopy is performed. During the procedure, the physician takes the samples for further histological examination, based on the results of which the morphological type of the tumor is identified.
Chemotherapy is prescribed if the patient has been diagnosed:
- basal cell carcinoma,
- low-grade form of squamous cell carcinoma.
The goal of treatment is inhibition of the tumor growth and improvement of the patient’s quality of life. Hardly ever this technique is used alone. Usually the course is prescribed on the eve of surgery, immediately after surgery or in combination with radiotherapy.
The drugs are administered intravenously or orally. The duration of treatment is determined by the attending physician. To eliminate the effects of intoxication, the patients receive symptomatic therapy under the supervision of medical staff. After course completion, the patient is provided recommendations for further action.Hide