Hepatic cirrhosis is a very serious pathological condition characterized by replacement of functional liver cells by connective tissue. Treatment of this disease should be initiated as early as possible; this determines the effectiveness of remedial measures. About 70% patients seeking aid at the early stages of cirrhosis show good survival rate subject to adequate conservative treatment.
Examination for Hepatic Cirrhosis
The first visit to the clinic involves the professional’s consultation, who collects the case history, examines the patient and drafts the survey plan to develop the optimal treatment strategy.
- General clinical examination: complete blood count and urinalysis, coprogram, biochemical blood test, etc.
- Ultrasonography of the abdomen.
- Biopsy with histological examination: conducted according to indications.
Hepatic Cirrhosis Treatment Principles
A compulsory component of therapy is treatment of the underlying disease, which led to cirrhosis. For example, in the event of viral hepatitis, the antivirals are prescribed according to the approved protocol. In order to maintain the liver functions and stimulate its recovery, the physician prescribes:
- medical diet;
- detoxication therapy aimed at cleansing the body from toxic substances;
- extracorporeal blood correction;
- symptomatic therapy: cholagogue drugs, enzymes, hormonal agents.
According to the indications, a therapeutic endosonography is applied. It allows administering the drugs directly into the affected organ.
The treatment of hepatic cirrhosis is long, with periodic intensive care courses in the clinic setting, where the patient receives nursing services to the required extent. The patient is discharged after receipt of recommendations on the diet, lifestyle, monitoring by professionals and outpatient treatment.