Upon endometriosis, the fragments of glandular tissue of the uterus can migrate to various organs. Penetration of cells into the ovary leads to formation of cysts on its surface. These are hollow formations filled with clotted blood. These changes are accompanied by pain, menstrual irregularities and infertility. In most cases, endometrial cysts require surgical treatment.
In modern hospitals, the formations are removed laparoscopically. On the front of the abdominal wall of the patient, the patient makes 3 to 4 incisions max 2 cm long. Into one of them, the physician inserts a laparoscope, a device with a miniature camcorder on its end.
Under visual control, the cyst capsule is separated from healthy tissues and excised. The absorbable sutures are put on the bed of formation. The removed structures are collected into the vial and sent for histological examination. The whole surgery takes less than an hour.
The period of hospitalization lasts for 3 days on average. Upon termination of the anesthesia, the patient is allowed to get out of bed and move around. To prevent infectious complications, the antibacterial agents can be prescribed. The patient is discharged after follow-up examination by the gynecologist and receipt of required recommendations.