Hematology:Hodgkin lymphoma (Hodgkin disease) — Radiotherapy. Treatment abroad
Radiation therapy is central to the fight against Hodgkin lymphoma. At early stages of disease, such exposure is used as the sole treatment method. At the later stages, it is used in combination with chemotherapy.
Before treatment, it is required to assess the extent of the tumor process and the general condition of the patient. For this purpose, the patient is sent to the radiologist for advice. The physician clarifies complaints, conducts clinical examination and reviews the case history. The following tests are also prescribed:
- complete blood count,
- blood chemistry with a complete hemogram,
- cytogenetic analysis,
- abdominal ultrasound,
- comprehensive CT/MRI.
According to the test findings, the professional designs the optimal therapy program.
Patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma undergo irradiation remotely, i.e. the source of radiation is placed at a certain distance from the body. All lymph nodes are subject to exposure, both affected and healthy ones. X-ray impact on other organs is neutralized by shields.
The standard dose is about 4000 Gray. To minimize the damage to healthy tissue, the dose is divided into several sessions. Their number is determined in each case individually, but usually does not exceed 20. The procedures are performed daily, 5 days per week.
The treatment may be accompanied by short-term side effects:
- general malaise,
- increased skin sensitivity,
Symptomatic therapy is administered to alleviate the patient's condition. Timely assistance is provided by the nursing staff of the clinic.
Upon cycle completion, a follow-up study is carried out. The patient talks to the radiologist, who provides recommendations for further action.Hide