Surgery: Gastric MALT lymphoma — Resection. Treatment
Gastric MALT lymphoma is a malignant tumor, which occurs mainly in middle-aged people. The pathology treatment depends on its development stage. At early stages, the drug therapy is beneficial. In advanced cases, lymphoma becomes aggressive and requires a full or partial organ resection.
On the eve of the intervention, the patient is prescribed a standard preoperative examination, including:
- a set of lab tests
- echocardiography (ECG)
- chest X-ray,
- complete physical examination.
Besides, the CT/MRI/ultrasound of the abdominal cavity is conducted. Based on the test findings and case history, the physician develops the best treatment plan.
The surgery is performed under general anesthesia. In the case of a total resection, the stomach is removed entirely, and upon subtotal resection more than 80% are removed. The organ stump is sutured to the duodenum. The excised tissue is sent to laboratory for cytological, histological and immunophenotypic studies.
After suturing, the patient is taken to the general ward (or, to the intensive care unit, if required), where a round-the-clock care is organized. In some cases, blood transfusion is performed for prevention of complications. In day 2 or 3, the patient is allowed to get out of bed.
The procedure effectiveness is evaluated by follow-up studies. To accelerate the recovery, a physiotherapy is prescribed. If the patient feels good, s/he is discharged in 14 days, after inspection by the surgeon and receipt of required recommendations.Hide
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