This is a surgical treatment that involves replacing affected knee joint components with artificial ones. It may be total (replacing the whole knee) or partial.
In recent years, Turkey has achieved great success in the field of prosthetics. Knee replacement in Turkey is one of the best in the world by quality thanks to experienced doctors.
The prices for operations in Turkey are lower than in other countries. The average price for knee replacement is 17,000(€). The cost of the operation depends on the selected clinic.
After the surgery, you will need to stay in the hospital during 6-10 days for rehabilitation. From the second week after surgery, you can start returning to a full life.
Gonarthrosis is the gradual knee joint destruction. Cartilages and bone tissue are primarily affected. The disease is chronic, it cannot be cured and is constantly progressing. The risk of pathology increases with the age. According to the Framingham research, the prevalence of gonarthrosis after 45 years is 16.7%.
Indications for knee replacement surgery
Conservative treatment is possible only at the initial stages of the pathology. In every third patient, the disease eventually develops to the 3-4 degree and requires joint replacement surgery. Knee replacement surgery allows the patient to get rid of pain and restore physical activity.
Joint replacement surgery is an operation of a high category of complexity. The treatment involves replacement of one, two, or all three components of the knee with artificial endoprostheses. The doctors try to perform such operations no earlier than at the age of fifty.
Knee replacement surgery can be unicondylar. In this case, the knee is only partially replaced by an artificial prosthesis. Such joint replacement surgery for arthrosis has the following medical indications:
- primary lesion of the inner part of the knee joint and varus deformity of the lower limb;
- lesion only of the external part with hallux valgus.
Unicondylar knee replacement is performed if cruciate, lateral ligaments are preserved, and the adjacent iliotibial band is in good condition (good condition of meniscus, sufficient thickness of hyaline cartilage). The limitation of flexion should not exceed 15 degrees, while the amount of flexion in the knee should not be less than 80 degrees.
Total knee replacement is necessary in the following cases:
- severe persistent pain;
- pathological changes in all parts of the knee;
- angular deformations;
- severe contractures (limitation of mobility).
How is the operation performed?
Knee replacement surgery is performed under general anesthesia. Sometimes spinal anesthesia can be used. The duration of the operation is 1-2 hours.
During the first few days after surgery, a person should take painkillers. Antibiotics and anticoagulants are prescribed to prevent complications of arthroplasty. The drainages (thin tubes for draining fluid) remain in the wound for 1-2 days.
The first wound bandage is applied on the next day, then – once every 2-3 days. The sutures are removed 2 weeks after knee joint replacement. Absorbable sutures can sometimes be used.
A week after the operation, the range of motions in the knee reaches 90 degrees. The limb will be loaded as early as possible. After a half to two months, a person can walk without crutches.
Selection of the hospital
It is very important to select the proper hospital for knee replacement surgery. This operation is technically more complicated than hip replacement surgery. The adverse surgical outcomes are more common. Moreover, their frequency varies significantly in different medical centers.
The standard knee replacement technique with manual adjustment of the biomechanical axis of the lower limb provides up to 17% of adverse outcomes. The most common problem after joint replacement surgery is aseptic loosening of the prosthesis. As a result, the patient has to undergo a repeated surgery for knee replacement. For the patient, this is a repeated health risk and a long-term rehabilitation.
For successful knee joint replacement, it is necessary to select the proper hospital. The risk of unsuccessful replacement outcome is minimized in the best Turkish medical centers.
Knee replacement surgery in Turkey
You can undergo knee replacement surgery in Turkey. The Turkish specialists have vast experience in such operations. The cost for knee replacement surgery is lower here than in most developed countries. At the same time, knee replacement surgery will be also very effective and safe.
The main advantages of knee replacement surgery in Turkey include:
Minimally invasive access. It is widely used in Turkish hospitals. Such an approach reduces soft tissue trauma. An artificial joint is implanted through a small incision. As a result, blood loss is reduced. The early rehabilitation period after knee replacement surgery in Turkey is easier and faster. The aesthetic effect is also improved, since the knee replacement surgery does not leave large scars.
Low risk of complications. In Turkey, one can find the experienced and highly qualified doctors who undergo medical training in the best hospitals of Europe and the USA. Turkish hospitals work according to the European standards of medical care. They apply all possible measures to prevent complications after knee replacement surgery.
Computer navigation. It is used for more accurate knee joint replacement. The computer allows the doctors to perfectly adjust the biomechanical axis of the lower limb, reducing its deviation to the minimum. Thanks to computer navigation, the risk of aseptic loosening of the endoprosthesis is reduced, which is the most common reason for revision knee joint replacement (repeated joint replacement surgery).
Durable prostheses. In Turkey, the doctors provide patients with the high-quality prostheses from the world's best manufacturers. They are capable to serve for decades. The quality of the endoprosthesis is especially important for young patients with high demands on the level of physical activity after surgery. The better the prosthesis, the lower the risk of necessity for repeated knee replacement surgery.
Experience in operations. The more often the surgeon performs the same operation, the more extensive experience he has, the less risks to the patient's health, and the better the results. The orthopedic surgeons in Turkey perform surgery not only for local citizens, but also on foreign patients. They perform dozens of knee replacement surgeries annually. This reduces the risk of unsuccessful joint replacement surgery outcome due to the human factor.
Rapid rehabilitation. Many Turkish hospitals use the program for accelerated rehabilitation of patients after knee replacement surgery. A person can walk faster. The total rehabilitation period after replacement surgery is reduced.
Medical tourism develops rapidly in Turkey. The hospitals in this country successfully treat severe osteoarthritis in foreign patients. Here you are guaranteed the high quality of medical care, proper care after replacement surgery, friendly and respectful attitude of the personnel of the medical facility.
How to go to Turkey for knee replacement surgery?
If you want to go to Turkey for knee replacement surgery, you can use the services of the Booking Health company. We are the medical tourism operator and are ready to organize your trip for treatment. We provide the following benefits:
- Selection of the best hospital for knee replacement surgery with the experienced doctors specializing in this operation.
- Booking the appointment for knee replacement surgery on the most suitable dates for you.
- Reduced waiting time for knee replacement surgery.
- Preparation of the program for knee replacement surgery, taking into account previously performed diagnostic tests.
- Establishment of communication with the attending physician, who will perform knee replacement surgery.
- Monitoring of knee replacement program in Turkey at all its stages.
- Control of invoices, return of unspent funds.
- Organization of additional treatment, diagnostics or rehabilitation after knee replacement surgery.
- Communication with the hospital after knee replacement surgery.
The Booking Health company provides top-class services. We will book a hotel and airline tickets for you, arrange a transfer from the airport to the hospital and back.