Department of Neurology and Epileptology | Treatment in University Hospital Ulm | Departments. Germany | BookingHealth
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Department of Neurology and Epileptology - University Hospital Ulm

University Hospital Ulm

Ulm, Germany
Department id # 228429
Doctor photo
Prof. Dr. med. Albert Christian Ludolph
Department of Neurology and Epileptology
Specialized in: neurology, epileptology

About the Department of Neurology and Epileptology at University Hospital Ulm

The Department of Neurology and Epileptology at the University Hospital Ulm offers comprehensive diagnostics and effective treatment of diseases of the central and peripheral nervous systems. The department's team of doctors has long experience in the medical care of patients with Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, epilepsy, dementia, neuromuscular diseases, brain and spinal cord tumors, stroke, and other pathologies. The department has state-of-the-art diagnostic equipment for comprehensive diagnostics of the nervous system and assessment of the patient's neurological status. During the therapeutic process, doctors use individually developed treatment regimens, including drug therapy, physiotherapy, therapeutic exercises, occupational therapy, and other methods. The department also houses an outpatient clinic specializing in botulinum toxin injection therapy for dystonia, spastic paralysis, sialorrhea (excessive salivation), and hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating). Medical care includes not only primary care, and the department has a specially trained team for follow-up rehabilitation, including measures for occupational and home reintegration. High-precision medical equipment for diagnostics and therapy, combined with the rich clinical experience of the department’s doctors, is the key to high treatment success rates and the excellent reputation of the medical institution at the national and international levels. The Head Physician of the department is Prof. Dr. med. Albert Christian Ludolph.

The department is one of the few medical facilities in Germany that has gained vast experience in the medical care of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). This neurological disease occurs due to lesions of the motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord. Patients with ALS suffer from severe motor function disorders: they cannot walk, move their hands and fingers, or perform other similar actions. ALS is characterized by constant progression. Over time, movement restrictions are complemented by paresis of the respiratory muscles. The exact causes of the development of this neuropathology are still unknown. In many cases, specific genetic mutations trigger the condition. Diagnostics for suspected amyotrophic lateral sclerosis include a variety of laboratory tests, neurophysiological studies, brain and spinal cord MRI scans, and a lumbar puncture. Unfortunately, there are no effective methods for a complete cure of ALS, but the department's neurologists have at their disposal effective methods to control the pathology, prolong the patient's life, and ensure a high quality of life. The first-line treatment is drug therapy to relieve symptoms and slow disease progression. Medication intake may be complemented by therapeutic massage, physiotherapeutic procedures, thermal procedures, hydrotherapy, and other treatment methods.

An important focus of the department's clinical activities is the treatment of Parkinson's disease and other movement disorders. Parkinson's disease is one of the most common neurological disorders that affect elderly people. The main manifestations of the disease include limb tremors, stiffness, eyelid, tongue, and lower jaw twitching, balance and coordination impairments, memory, attention, and concentration disorders, depression, anxiety, sleep problems, and excessive salivation. If Parkinson's disease is suspected, the department's specialists study the patient's medical history, listen to their complaints, carry out a physical examination, neurophysiological studies, and imaging examinations of the brain (CT and MRI scans). Dopamine level testing is mandatory because movement disorders in Parkinson's disease are largely due to a deficiency of this neurotransmitter. After a comprehensive examination and making an accurate diagnosis, the department's neurologists proceed with treatment, the main goal of which is to alleviate symptoms and improve the quality of life of the patient. The therapy is based on the prescription of drugs that increase dopamine levels in the brain, thereby eliminating tremors and improving motor functions. Drug therapy is supplemented by physiotherapeutic procedures, occupational therapy, and speech therapy (if the patient has some speech disorders). An important role is given to a healthy diet, normal sleep, and regular, moderate physical activity. If the implementation of the above-mentioned therapeutic measures does not yield the desired result, the possibility of deep brain stimulation may be considered. The procedure is performed in collaboration with neurosurgeons. Its essence lies in stimulating certain areas of the brain with electrical impulses, which can significantly alleviate symptoms of Parkinson's disease such as tremors, stiffness, and slowness of movement.

The medical facility also admits patients with epilepsy. This is a chronic brain condition characterized by seizures resulting from increased electrical activity of the brain neurons. During the diagnostics of a patient with suspected epilepsy, it is important for the department's specialists to obtain information about the frequency, intensity, and duration of epileptic seizures. An integral part of the diagnostic process is electroencephalography (EEG), during which the electrical activity of the brain is recorded. In most cases, a brain MRI scan is also performed. A treatment regimen for confirmed epilepsy is developed individually. The specialists mostly use only drug therapy with anticonvulsants. If such treatment fails, vagus nerve stimulation may be carried out. This method significantly reduces the frequency and intensity of epileptic seizures, and in some cases, it can even ensure their complete disappearance. The last-line treatment is a surgical intervention, which is the responsibility of neurosurgeons.

The department's clinical focuses include the following:

  • Diagnostics and treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Diagnostics and treatment of Parkinson's disease
  • Diagnostics and treatment of epilepsy
  • Diagnostics and treatment of restless legs syndrome
  • Diagnostics and treatment of tremor
  • Diagnostics and treatment of dementia
  • Diagnostics and treatment of Huntington's disease
  • Diagnostics and treatment of multiple sclerosis
  • Diagnostics and treatment of neuromuscular diseases
  • Diagnostics and treatment of brain and spinal cord tumors
  • Diagnostics and treatment of neurofibromatosis
  • Diagnostics and treatment of stroke
  • Diagnostics and treatment of neuro-urological disorders (in collaboration with urologists): urinary incontinence, overactive bladder, and neurogenic bladder
  • Diagnostics and treatment of dizziness
  • Diagnostics and treatment of chronic headaches
  • Diagnostics and treatment of swallowing disorders due to neurological diseases
  • Diagnostics and treatment of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome
  • Diagnostics and treatment of Phelan-McDermid syndrome
  • Diagnostics and treatment of dystonia
  • Diagnostics and treatment of spastic paralysis
  • Diagnostics and treatment of other neurological diseases

Curriculum vitae

Higher Education and Professional Career

  • 1973 - 1979 Medical studies, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz and Georg August University of Goettingen.
  • 1979 - 1984 Resident, Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, University Hospital Muenster.
  • 1984 - 1985 Scholarship from the German Research Foundation, Institute of Neurotoxicology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA.
  • 1985 - 1989 Staff Member of the Department of Neurology, University of Muenster.
  • 1987 Habilitation, C2 Professorship for Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Muenster; Senior Physician, Department of Neurology, University Hospital Muenster.
  • 1990 - 1992 Research Fellow, Visiting Associate Professor, Center for Toxicology and Environmental Research, Portland, Oregon, USA.
  • 1992 - 1993 Senior Physician, Department of Epileptology, University Hospital Bonn.
  • 1993 - 1996 Managing Senior Physician, Department of Neurology, Charite University Hospital Berlin.
  • Since 1996 C4 Professorship for Neurology, University of Ulm; Head Physician, Department of Neurology and Epileptology, University Hospital Ulm.
  • 2003 Director (elected), Academic Neuroscience Centre, University of Ulm.
  • 2005 - 2009 Chairman (elected), European ALS-MND-Group.
  • 2008 Member, Scientific Advisory Board of the Thierry Latran Foundation.
  • 2008 Chairman, Scientific Council of the German Foundation for Paraplegia (DSQ).
  • 2008 Chairman, Scientific Council of the German Society for Muscular Diseases.
  • 2009 Scientific Advisory Board Member of the Foundation of Schilling Research Groups for Translational Neuroscience.
  • 2009 Chairman (elected), World Federation of Neuroscience, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Research Group.
  • 2009 Reviewer for the Neuroscience Board of the German Research Foundation (DFG).
  • 2010 - 2014 Deputy Dean, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ulm.
  • 2013 Chairman (elected), World Federation of Neurology, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Research Group.
  • 2014 Delegate of the German Society of Neurology at the World Federation of Neurology.
  • 2014 - 2017 Representative (elected), German Neuroscience Society.
  • 2017 - 2021 Chairman (elected), German Neuroscience Society.
  • Since 2017 Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Thierry Latran Foundation.
  • Since 2018 Representative, German Center for Neurodegenerative Disease in Ulm.

Prizes, Awards, and Honors

  • 2013 Honorary Member of the Mongolian Society of Neurology.
  • 2015 Erb-Gedenkmünze Award from the German Neurological Society (DGN).
  • 2017 Eva Luise Köhler Research Prize.

Photo of the doctor: (c) Universitätsklinikum Ulm