Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology (302913)
Specialized in: gastroenterology, hepatology, endocrinology
About the Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology at Nuremberg Hospital
The Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology at the Nuremberg Hospital offers the full range of medical services in the areas of its specialization. The department diagnoses and treats gastrointestinal, liver, and endocrine diseases. The team of doctors at the medical facility has state-of-the-art technical equipment and a perfect command of efficient treatment methods to provide patients with the best therapeutic results. In many cases, doctors use only drug therapy. In addition, the department has well-equipped endoscopy rooms, where diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are performed. Endoscopic treatment is performed for benign and malignant neoplasms, internal bleeding, and stenosis of different parts of the gastrointestinal tract. In the field of hepatology, the medical team is especially interested in treating hepatitis, cirrhosis, and alcoholic liver disease, and the department's endocrinologists help patients with hormone imbalances and diabetes mellitus. More than 5,000 inpatients and more than 3,600 outpatients are treated in the department every year. The department is headed by Prof. Dr. med. Alexander Dechêne.
The department's gastroenterologists demonstrate excellent professional skills in endoscopic procedures. The most common procedures performed in the department are gastroscopy (examination of the mucosa of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum) and colonoscopy (examination of the mucosa of the colon and rectum). Gastroscopy and colonoscopy are also widely used for therapeutic purposes, for example, to remove polyps, stop internal bleeding, and eliminate stenoses. For the patient's maximum comfort, endoscopic procedures are performed with sedation, which eliminates pain. In most cases, endoscopic diagnostics and treatment are performed on an outpatient basis without a mandatory hospital stay.
An important focus of the department's team of gastroenterologists is the diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal cancers, including colon, esophageal, and pancreatic cancers. The primary task of the specialists in cases of suspected gastrointestinal cancer is to conduct comprehensive diagnostics, which will allow them to develop the most effective treatment regimen, if necessary. The diagnostic protocol includes a clinical examination, laboratory tests, endoscopic examinations, and imaging tests. The department's gastroenterologists often manage to perform endoscopic tumor resection to treat early stages of cancer, but advanced stages usually require an open surgical intervention by abdominal surgeons. In addition to tumor removal, patients with stomach, colon, and pancreatic cancer are additionally treated with chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and other conservative treatments.
The department also has successful experience in the treatment of liver disease. The doctors mostly deal with hepatitis, cirrhosis, and alcoholic liver disease. Hepatitis is treated with intensive drug therapy supplemented by an individually prescribed diet. Complex forms of hepatitis, however, do not always respond to drug therapy, so the patient may require a liver transplant. Therapy for cirrhosis involves the intake of individually prescribed drugs aimed at combating the underlying disease that causes cirrhosis. The disease often leads to the development of severe complications, such as ascites, peritonitis, hepatorenal syndrome, liver cancer, etc. In such cases, the department's specialists provide the necessary additional treatment. As for the therapy for alcoholic liver disease, an important part of the treatment regimen is the intake of drugs, but the main condition for recovery is a lifelong refusal to drink alcoholic beverages.
Another focus of the department's doctors is the treatment of patients with endocrine pathologies. The specialists in this field are engaged in the diagnostics and treatment of thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, and pituitary diseases. Dysfunction of these organs results in hormonal imbalances, which negatively affect the patient's general health condition. Most benign endocrine diseases respond well to drug therapy, namely hormone replacement therapy. As a rule, patients are treated on an outpatient basis, but a hospital stay is also possible whenever required.
The department's endocrinologists have special qualifications in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. They most often deal with type 2 diabetes mellitus in their clinical practice. A treatment regimen usually includes diet, smoking and alcohol cessation, regulated physical exercises, and the intake of individually prescribed antihyperglycemic agents. The last-line treatment is insulin therapy. As for the treatment of type 1 diabetes mellitus, insulin therapy is mandatory, either through injections or using an insulin pump. Patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus are usually treated on an outpatient basis, but a hospital stay may be required in cases of critically low blood glucose levels.
The department specializes in the diagnostics and treatment of the following diseases:
The department's range of therapeutic services includes:
|Other therapeutic services|
Curriculum vitae of Prof. Dr. med. Alexander Dechêne
- 2008 Board certification in Internal Medicine.
- 2011 Specialization in Gastroenterology.
- 2011 Certification in Hepatology, German Society for Gastroenterology, Digestive and Metabolic Diseases (DGVS).
Research and Clinical Focuses
- Clinical hepatology.
- Therapeutic endoscopy and biliopancreatic interventions.
- Interventional oncology and palliative care.
Photo of the doctor: (c) Klinikum Nürnberg
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology.
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