Hematology: Burkitt lymphoma — Chemotherapy. Treatment
Burkitt's lymphoma is the most aggressive variety of B-cell lymphomas, which commonly affects young people. This disease is characterized by severe course and rapid development. However, the timely diagnosis and early treatment allow achieving complete cure of patients.
Before treatment, it is required to establish the stage of the disease and the tumor prevalence. For this purpose, the patient is prescribed to a set of diagnostic measures, including:
- oncologist’s advice,
- clinical examination,
- complete blood count,
- blood chemistry,
- cytogenetic analysis.
On the basis of case history and test findings, the physician develops an optimal treatment tactics.
The method of choice for treatment of Burkitt's lymphoma is chemotherapy. Typically, the patients are administered several intensive cycles with high doses of cytostatics. The average duration of a cycle is 1 to 5 days.
Therapy is administered in a hospital setting. The drug is administered intravenously, and if the physician deems it necessary, sometimes intrathecally (directly into the spinal canal). The latter method avoids the complications for the central nervous system.
The treatment side effects are reversed by symptomatic therapy. To ensure timely assistance to the patient, a continuous monitoring is organized. The nursing staff of the clinic provides careful care.
In order to prevent infections, the patient should limit contacts with the outside world for some time and to adhere to strict hygiene requirements. Diet is also vitally important during the treatment period.
The treatment cycle is completed by the oncologist’s repeated advice. The professional examines the patient and provides instructions on further action.Hide
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