Spontaneous labor is considered the most preferred worldwide. However, if a baby cannot be born naturally, the physicians are forced to resort to an alternative delivery method, i.e. caesarean section. During the surgery, the fruit is removed through an incision in the woman's abdominal wall and uterus. Like any other surgery, cesarean section involves certain risks, so it is carried out subject to indications only.
The surgery can be scheduled or emergent. In the latter case, the decision on its need shall be made by the physician in the process of childbirth.
The scheduled intervention is provided for in advance. In modern hospitals, the aid is provided in several stages:
- 2 weeks before delivery, the woman goes to a chosen institution where she is observed by an obstetrician-gynecologist. The physician reviews the patient's medical history, conducts fetal ultrasound and asks the patient to pass a series of tests (urinalysis, chemical and complete blood count).
- On the eve of cesarean section, anesthesiologist talks to the pregnant who determines the optimal type of anesthesia. Anesthesia may be epidural (the new mother remains conscious) or total (unconscious).
- The surgery is carried out on the appointed day. The surgeon makes an incision on the patient's skin in the lower abdomen and removes the child.
- Within a few hours after surgery, the woman remains in intensive care unit. Then, if there is no complications, she is transferred to a private room.
- The infant is placed in a newborn center, where s/he stays until his/her mother recovers.
Postpartum hospital stay lasts up to 5 days. All this time, the new mother and baby are under close medical supervision. Before discharge, the surgeon and obstetrician examine the patient. The child is examined by the pediatrician. Over the next 3 weeks, the woman shall pass gynecological examinations in the clinic.