Treatment of colon cancer with embolization or chemoembolization (program ID: 689353)

University Hospital RWTH Aachen

location_on Aachen, Germany
8.896/10 from 41 Votes
Specialized hospital
Christiane Kuhl

Head Physician
Prof. Dr. med.

Christiane Kuhl

Specialized in: adult and pediatric diagnostic, interventional radiology

Department of Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology

Program includes:

  • Initial presentation in the hospital
  • Clinical history taking
  • Review of available medical records
  • Physical examination
  • Laboratory tests:
    • Complete blood count
    • General urine analysis
    • Biochemical analysis of blood
    • Tumor markers
    • Inflammation indicators (CRP, ESR)
    • Coagulogram
  • Ultrasound​ scan
  • CT scan / MRI
  • Preoperative care
  • Embolization or chemoembolization, 2 procedures
  • Symptomatic treatment
  • Cost of essential medicines
  • Nursing services
  • Elaboration of further recommendations

How program is carried out

During the first visit, the doctor will conduct a clinical examination and go through the results of the available diagnostic tests. After that, you will undergo the necessary additional examination, such as the assessment of liver and kidney function, ultrasound scan, CT scan and MRI. This will allow the doctor to determine which vessels are feeding the tumor and its metastases, as well as determine how well you will tolerate the procedure.

Chemoembolization begins with local anesthesia and catheterization of the femoral artery. The thin catheter is inserted through a few centimeters long incision of the blood vessel. The doctor gradually moves the catheter to the vessel feeding the primary tumor or its metastases. The procedure is carried out under visual control, an angiographic device is used for this. The vascular bed and the position of the catheter in it are displayed on the screen of the angiograph.

When the catheter reaches a suspected artery, a contrast agent is injected through it. Due to the introduction of the contrast agent, the doctor clearly sees the smallest vessels of the tumor and the surrounding healthy tissues on the screen of the angiograph. After that, he injects emboli into the tumor vessels through the same catheter.

Emboli are the spirals or the liquid microspheres. The type of embolus is selected individually, taking into account the diameter of the target vessel. When carrying out chemoembolization, a solution of a chemotherapy drug is additionally injected into the tumor vessel. Due to the subsequent closure of the vessel lumen with an embolus, the chemotherapy drug influences the tumor for a long time. In addition, the drug does not enter the systemic circulation, which allows doctors to use high doses of chemotherapeutic agents without the development of serious side effects. Chemoembolization leads to the destruction of the tumor or slowing down its progression.

After that, the catheter is removed from the artery. The doctor puts a vascular suture on the femoral artery and closes it with a sterile dressing. During chemoembolization, you will be awake. General anesthesia is not used, which significantly reduces the risks of the procedure and allows performing it on an outpatient basis, avoiding long hospital stay.

After the first procedure, you will stay under the supervision of an interventional oncologist and general practitioner. If necessary, you will receive symptomatic treatment. As a rule, a second chemoembolization procedure is performed in 3-5 days after the first one in order to consolidate the therapeutic effect. After that, you will receive recommendations for further follow-up and treatment.

Required documents

  • Medical records
  • Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), MRI/CT scan (not older than 3 months)
  • Biopsy results (if available)
Type of program :
Expected duration of the program:

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About the department

The Department of Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology at the University Hospital RWTH Aachen offers the full range of services in these areas. Patient care is provided both on an outpatient and inpatient basis. In clinical practice, doctors apply the very latest methods of radiological diagnosis, as well as perform a variety of imaging-guided minimally invasive interventions. For these purposes, the department is equipped with state-of-the-art digital X-ray and ultrasound systems, CT and MRI scanners. The department is headed by Prof. Dr. med. Christiane Kuhl.

The service range of the department includes:

Diagnostic radiology

  • Conventional X-ray studies
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Digital subtraction angiography
  • Ultrasound examinations
  • Computed tomography (CT) and PET-CT
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Imaging-guided tissue sampling (biopsy) for histological examination
  • Other diagnostic services

Pediatric radiology

  • Ultrasound examinations
    • Abdominal, retroperitoneal, pelvic organs (liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys, bladder)
    • Bowel
    • Neck, including thyroid and salivary glands
    • Groin area, armpits and soft tissues
    • Muscles and joints
    • Male and female genitals
    • Vessels
    • Brain and skull in newborns and infants
    • Spine and spinal cord
    • Hip joints in babies (according to Graf)
  • X-ray examinations
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Computed tomography (CT)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    • Joints and bones
    • Upper abdomen (liver, pancreas, spleen)
    • Kidney (including MRI)
    • Lower abdomen and pelvic organs
    • Bowel (MRI Sellink)
    • Lungs and upper body
    • Neck and facial skull
    • Brain
    • Vessels
    • Whole-body MRI
    • Fetal MRI to assess the fetus in the womb
  • Other studies

Interventional radiology

  • Installation of port systems and catheters for chemotherapy
  • Treatment of liver cancer and liver metastases
    • Transarterial chemoembolization
    • Selective internal radiation therapy
    • Radiofrequency ablation
    • Microwave ablation
    • Irreversible electroporation
  • Kidney cancer treatment
    • Radiofrequency ablation
    • Irreversible electroporation
  • Breast cancer treatment
    • Transarterial chemoembolization
    • Selective internal radiation therapy
    • Radiofrequency ablation
    • Irreversible electroporation for the treatment of liver metastases in breast cancer
    • Chemoperfusion for the treatment of inoperable breast cancer localized in the thorax
  • Treatment of lung cancer and lung metastases
    • Radiofrequency ablation
    • Microwave ablation
  • Treatment of benign diseases
    • Uterine artery embolization in uterine myomas
    • Radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of osteoid osteomas
    • Treatment of vascular tumors (arteriovenous malformations)
  • Treatment of vascular diseases
    • Treatment of peripheral arterial occlusive disease
    • Elimination of complications after the formation of a dialysis shunt, including stenosis of the venous vessels
    • Treatment of vascular pathologies of the abdominal organs and thorax
    • Embolization in acute bleeding
    • Varicocele treatment
  • Treatment of liver diseases
    • Treatment of portal hypertension and its complications (for example, ascites) with the use of transicular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS)
    • Percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage
    • Implantation of cava filters
  • Other minimally invasive procedures
    • Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
  • Other imaging-guided interventional procedures

Curriculum vitae

  • 1985 - 1991 Study of Human Medicine at the Rhenish Friedrich Wilhelm University of Bonn.

Professional Career

  • Since 2010, Head of the Department of Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology, University Hospital RWTH Aachen.
  • 2012 ‐ 2013 President of the Radiological Society of North Rhine-Westphalia.
  • 2009 Invitation to the position of Full Professor and Head of the Department of Adult and Pediatric Diagnostic, Interventional Radiology, University Hospital RWTH Aachen.
  • 2009 - 2010 Vice President, Rhenish Friedrich Wilhelm University of Bonn, International Affairs.
  • 2004 - 2010 Deputy Head, Department of Radiology, University of Bonn.
  • 2004 Full Professor of Radiology, Head in the Section for Diagnostic Imaging in Oncology and Interventional Oncology, University of Bonn, Department of Radiology.
  • 1999 - 2004 Assistant Professor in Radiology, Department of Radiology, University of Bonn.

Clinical Training

  • 2010 DEGIR certificate, stage 4, German Society of Interventional Radiology (license to conduct and teach the entire range of interventional procedures).
  • 2002 Board certification in Neuroradiology.
  • 2001 - 2002 Clinical training in Neuroradiological Interventions at the Department of Neuroradiology, Duisburg Hospital, Germany.
  • 1999 Board certification in Radiology.
  • 1996 - 1997 Residency in Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Bonn.
  • 1992 - 1999 Residency in Radiology, Department of Radiology, University of Bonn.
  • 01.07.1993 Admission to medical practice.
  • 01.01.1992 Temporary license for medical practice.

Membership in Professional Societies

  • German Society of Radiology (DRG).
  • Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
  • American College of Radiology (ACR).
  • International Society of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Medicine (ISMRM).
  • Society of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology (CIRSE).
  • German Society of Interventional Radiology (DEGIR).
  • European Society of Breast Imaging (EUSOBI).
  • American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO).
  • Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology (CIRSE).
  • Society of Interventional Radiology (SIR).
  • World Conference on Interventional Oncology (WCIO).


  • 2018 Impact Award of the National Consortium of Breast Centers (NCoBC), USA.
  • 2015 RWTH Fellow.
  • 2015 Gold Medal of the International Society of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Medicine.
  • 2008 Wachsmann Prize (Award for Educational Excellence) of the German Society of Radiology.
  • 2007 Outstanding Teacher Award, Society for Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Medicine.
  • 2004, 2006, 2008 "Best of ASCO", American Society of Clinical Oncology.
  • 2006 Honorary Fellow, Breast Imaging Section, Royal College of Radiologist, UK.
  • 2004 Award of the American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN).
  • 2003 Award of the German Society of Radiology (Holthusen Ring).
  • 2000, 2001, 2002, 2011 RADIOLOGY Editor's Recognition Award.
  • 2000 Award of the Ministery of Education and Research (BMBF).
  • 2000 Award of the German Society of Radiology.

Peer Reviewer

  • RöFo.
  • European Radiology.
  • Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (JMRI).
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRM).
  • The Breast.
  • Cancer.
  • Radiology.
  • Journal of the National Cancer Institute (JNCI).
  • Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO).
  • NATURE (New Technology Section).
  • The Lancet.
  • Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Photo of the doctor: (c) Uniklinik RWTH Aachen 

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