University Hospital Erlangen

location_on Erlangen, Germany
9.1/10 from 51 Votes

Department of Neurology (251299)

Stefan Schwab

Prof. Dr. med. Dr. h. c.

Stefan Schwab

Specialized in: neurology

About the department

According to the Focus magazine, the Department of Neurology at the University Hospital Erlangen ranks among the top German medical facilities specializing in the treatment of multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease!

The department offers all the options of modern medicine for the diagnostics and treatment of diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. With more than 3,500 inpatients and about 7,000 outpatients yearly, the department is one of the largest and most successful in its area of specialization in Germany. The treatment is provided in close cooperation with the Department of Adult and Pediatric Neurosurgery and the Department of Neuroradiology. The department is headed by Prof. Dr. med. Dr. h.c. Stefan Schwab.

The department is proud of its modern Stroke Unit, which is the largest of this kind in Bavaria and throughout Germany, as well as leads in the treatment success rates. In addition, the department operates a high-tech Intensive Care Unit, which serves to treat critically ill patients with neurological disorders. Another important structural part of the department is the Epilepsy Center. It offers all the very latest treatment methods for this disease.

The department also has specialized outpatient clinics for the treatment of multiple sclerosis and neuroimmunological diseases, epilepsy, motor disorders, dementia, neuromuscular diseases, oncological pathologies of the nervous system (neuro-oncology) and neurovascular diseases. In 2008, the department formed a new Section of Molecular Neuroscience, which combines high-quality fundamental researches with clinical activities.

The service range of the department includes:

  • Diagnostics and treatment of acute inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system
  • Diagnostics and treatment of motor disorders
    • Hereditary spastic paralysis
    • Huntington's disease
    • Spinocerebellar ataxia
    • Restless legs syndrome
    • Essential tremor
    • Parkinson's disease
  • Diagnostics and treatment of dystonia (botulinum toxin therapy)
    • Blepharospasm
    • Hemifacial spasm
    • Oromandibular dystonia
    • Torticollis
    • Focal and provoked dystonias (for example, writer's cramp, dystonic tremor)
    • Rare types of dystonia
  • Diagnostics and treatment of spasticity, for example, after a stroke, multiple sclerosis (botulinum toxin therapy)
  • Diagnostics and treatment of hyperhidrosis, pseudo-hypersalivation, certain types of essential tremor (botulinum toxin therapy)
  • Diagnostics and treatment of epilepsy
    • Differential diagnostics of unclear epileptiform symptoms
    • Differential diagnostics of focal and generalized types of epilepsy
    • Preoperative diagnostics (identification of possible options for the surgical treatment of epilepsy)
    • Therapy of patients with treatment-resistant types of epilepsy
    • Etiological diagnostics using PET, SPECT, functional MRI, magnetoencephalography
    • Special counseling while planning pregnancy, social counseling
  • Diagnostics and treatment of headaches and pain syndromes (for example, migraine, tension headache, cluster headache, etc.)
  • Diagnostics and treatment of multiple sclerosis
    • Clinical examination
    • MRI
    • Lumbar puncture
    • Recording of evoked potentials
    • Treatment using corticosteroid drugs (for example, Cortisone)
    • Immunomodulatory therapy for the prevention of disability and relapse
    • Symptomatic therapy
  • Diagnostics and treatment of neuromuscular diseases
    • Inflammatory polyneuropathy
    • Inflammatory muscle diseases
    • Myasthenia
    • Hereditary polyneuropathies
    • Motor neuron diseases
    • Muscular dystrophy
    • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Diagnostics and treatment of nervous system cancer (neuro-oncology)
    • Brain tumors
  • Ultrasound diagnostics of the nervous system (within the specialized laboratory)
  • Neurophysiological diagnostics
    • Electroencephalography
    • Electromyography
    • Electroneurography
    • Recording of evoked potentials
    • Transcranial magnetic stimulation
    • Ultrasound examinations of the muscles and nerve endings
    • Other procedures, such as restimulation, reflex examination, tremor analysis
  • Emergency neurological care
  • Diagnostics and treatment of stroke
  • Diagnostics and treatment of vascular neurological diseases
  • Diagnostics and treatment of other diseases of the nervous system

Curriculum vitae

Prof. Dr. med. Stefan Schwab holds the position of the Head of the Department of Neurology at the University Hospital Erlangen. He began his professional training in the Department of Neurology at the University Hospital Würzburg and at the Institute of Neuropathology at the University of Aachen. Then, he completed internships abroad, including at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, USA. Since 1992, the doctor worked in the Department of Neurology at the University Hospital Heidelberg (until 2005 as a Senior Physician). Prof. Schwab is an international expert in the treatment of acute stroke and neurological intensive care. His particular interest is the improvement of therapeutic techniques for the treatment of acute stroke. He also specializes in neuroregeneration and stem cell therapy after a stroke.

Prof. Schwab was the President of the German Society for Neurocritical Care and Emergency Medicine (DGNI) and President of the German Interdisciplinary Association for Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine (DIVI) for several times.

He received many national and international awards for his scientific achievements. The most significant of them are the Wallenberg Prize of the German Society for Neurology, the Mertens Prize and the Willis Prize for the Best Lecture of the Spanish Society of Neurology. Prof. Schwab’s list of publications includes more than 400 original works, numerous reviews and publications of books. He has published several books on neurological resuscitation.

Photo of the doctor: (c) Universitätsklinikum Erlangen

Department of Neurology.
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