Brothers of Mercy Hospital Munich

location_on Munich, Germany
10/10 from 23 Votes

Department of Urology (580020)

Alexander Karl

Prof. Dr. med.

Alexander Karl

Specialized in: urology

About the Department of Urology at Brothers of Mercy Hospital Munich

According to the prestigious Focus magazine, the Department of Urology at the Brothers of Mercy Hospital Munich ranks among the top German medical facilities specializing in prostate, testicular, kidney and bladder cancer treatment! 

The department offers the broadest range of modern examinations and effective treatment of genitourinary diseases in men. There are many modern therapeutic methods in the arsenal of doctors to deal with diseases of the prostate gland, testicles and external male genitalia, kidney and bladder disorders, and urinary incontinence in men and women. Of particular interest is the treatment of genitourinary cancers in men – the department has been certified by the German Cancer Society (DKG) in this field. The key to the department's successful clinical practice is the combination of high professionalism of doctors and the availability of innovative equipment, particularly a system for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-transrectal ultrasound fusion biopsy, devices for focal therapy for prostate tumors using high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), etc. The Head Physician of the department is Prof. Dr. med. Alexander Karl.

Prostate cancer is quite common in the department's clinical practice, so doctors have gained rich experience in treating this pathology. The disease most often affects men over the age of 50. As in other cancers, early detection of the condition gives the best chances of recovery. At the diagnostic stage, a patient needs to have a PSA (prostate-specific antigen) test, a digital rectal exam of the prostate gland and transrectal ultrasound. If diagnostic results suggest the presence of a malignant tumor, the next step is a fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the prostate gland. With the diagnosis confirmed, CT, MRI, skeletal scintigraphy and other tests may be required. Depending on the cancer stage, an optimal treatment regimen is developed, which may include surgical removal of the tumor or prostate (radical prostatectomy), brachytherapy (internal radiation therapy), external beam radiation therapy, and hormone therapy. In some cases, doctors choose watchful waiting, which involves regular check-ups to monitor tumor growth and spread. This method can be used only in low-risk patients. The department also offers focal therapy using high-intensity focused ultrasound, which only affects the pathological areas of the organ while not damaging healthy tissues. In addition, such treatment significantly reduces the risk of side effects, such as impotence and urinary incontinence. HIFU therapy has been practiced in the medical facility since 1993, so doctors have excellent competencies in this area.

The department's specialists also treat benign prostatic hyperplasia. The pathology is a benign proliferation of gland tissues that provokes urinary system disorders. Prostate adenoma usually occurs in adulthood and the elderly. The treatment options for the pathology include minimally invasive laser techniques (HoLEP and BipolEP), robot-assisted surgery (Aquablation technique), minimally invasive interventions (transurethral incision of the prostate and transurethral resection of the prostate), and open surgical interventions (open adenomectomy).

The department's therapeutic options are complemented by treating benign and malignant tumors of the kidneys and bladder, urinary incontinence, and kidney stone disease in men and women. The department's doctors have modern diagnostic equipment for making an accurate diagnosis and developing an individual treatment regimen. During the therapeutic process, both conservative and surgical treatment options are used. If the patient needs surgery, then, first of all, minimally traumatic surgical techniques are considered.

The department's team of urologists also admits men with benign, malignant and inflammatory pathologies of the testicles and external genitalia. The specialists treat testicular tumors, penile cancer, testicular torsion, penile curvature, epididymitis, hydrocele, varicocele, spermatocele, and phimosis. Standard cancer treatments include surgical resection, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Inflammatory processes (epididymitis) are treated with antibiotic therapy. Hydrocele, varicocele, spermatocele and phimosis are treated with surgical techniques. Patients with penile curvature are prescribed drug therapy, local shock wave therapy, and Nesbit's procedure. The department's specialists make every effort to provide each patient with the most effective but, at the same time, sparing treatment.

The department's clinical focuses include:

  • Diagnostics and treatment of prostate diseases
    • Prostate cancer
      • Radical retropubic prostatectomy
      • Brachytherapy
      • Radiation therapy (3D conformal CT-guided radiation therapy)
      • Watchful waiting (most often in elderly patients) – therapy begins only with the progression of the pathology
      • High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU)
    • Benign prostatic hyperplasia
      • Drug therapy
      • Minimally invasive laser techniques: HoLEP and BipolEP
      • Robot-assisted Aquablation produces
      • Minimally invasive interventions: transurethral incision and transurethral resection of the prostate 
      • Open enucleation of prostate adenoma (Millin's procedure)
    • Prostatitis and chronic pelvic pain
      • Drug therapy
  • Diagnostics and treatment of bladder diseases
    • Bladder cancer
      • Transurethral bladder resection
      • En bloc bladder resection
      • Total bladder removal (radical cystectomy)
      • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy before cystectomy
      • Adjuvant chemotherapy
      • Treatment of advanced tumors without clear separation from surrounding tissues
  • Diagnostics and treatment of kidney diseases
    • Kidney and bladder stones
      • Drug therapy
      • Ureterorenoscopy
    • Kidney tumors
      • Partial kidney removal
      • Laparoscopic nephrectomy of the affected kidney
      • Drug therapy for metastatic kidney tumors (for example, targeted therapy)
  • Diagnostics and treatment of diseases of the testicles and external male genitalia
    • Testicular cancer
      • Orchiectomy
      • Chemotherapy
      • Lymphadenectomy (if the lymph nodes are affected)
      • Radiation therapy
    • Testicular torsion
      • Symptomatic therapy
      • Orchiopexy
    • Epididymis inflammation (epididymitis)
      • Drug therapy with antibiotics and painkillers
    • Hydrocele
      • Surgical treatment
    • Varicocele
      • Microsurgical interventions
      • Sclerotherapy
    • Spermatocele
      • Surgical treatment
    • Phimosis
      • Surgical treatment
    • Penile curvature
      • Drug therapy
      • Local shock wave therapy
      • Surgical treatment
    • Penile cancer
      • Tumor removal
      • Radiation therapy
      • Penile amputation (in the advanced stages of the pathology)
      • Penile prosthesis implantation
  • Diagnostics and treatment of urinary incontinence in men and women: imperative and stress urinary incontinence, and mixed forms of urinary incontinence
    • Artificial sphincter implantation for stress urinary incontinence in men
    • Transvaginal tape sling urethropexy (TVT) for stress urinary incontinence in women
    • Injection therapy with botulinum toxin A (Botox)
  • Other medical services

Curriculum vitae of Prof. Dr. med. Alexander Karl

Higher Education and Professional Career

  • Human Medicine studies at Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, and at Universities in Italy and Australia.
  • Professional training in Urology, Department of Urology, University Hospital of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich.
  • 2008 Research Fellow, Department of Urology, University of California, San Francisco, USA.
  • 2009 Fellow of the European Board of Urology (FEBU).
  • 2009 Senior Physician of the Department of Urology at the University Hospital of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich.
  • Since 2009 Head of the Center for Bladder Tumors, University Hospital of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich.
  • Since 2009 Head of the Center for Second Opinion for Testicular Tumors, University Hospital of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich.
  • 2010 Habilitation in Urology. Subject: "Innovative diagnostic procedures for bladder cancer".
  • 2011 Deputy Head of the Department of Adult and Pediatric Urology at the University Hospital of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich.
  • 2014 Professorship in Urology.
  • Numerous scientific publications and book chapters in bladder cancer, and review activities for national and international scientific journals.
  • Member of the German, European and American Society of Urology.

Photo of the doctor: (c) Barmherzige Brüder Krankenhaus München 

Department of Urology.
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