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Parathyroid Adenoma Treatment

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Best hospitals and doctors for parathyroid adenoma treatment abroad

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The selection of doctors and clinics is carried out on the basis of annual qualification reports. The main selection criterion is the number of operations or procedures performed. It takes into account experience, reputation in the medical society, the availability of quality certificates and high specialization in a certain field.

Cost for treatment

Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
 from  1487
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
 from  7499
General therapeutic rehabilitation
 from  565.57

Academic Hospital Neuperlach Munich

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Munich

Department of General and Abdominal Surgery, Endocrine Surgery and Coloproctology

The Neuperlach Clinic is a modern medical facility with a high level of service. The clinic has high-tech modern equipment, making it one of the best hospitals not only in Germany but also in Europe. There are comfortable single and double rooms with shower and toilet, TV, telephone and radio. The clinic has a dining room with a
Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
1950
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
10841

University Hospital Ulm

8.7/10
location_onGermany, Ulm

Department of General and Abdominal Surgery

The University Hospital Ulm started its activities 35 years ago and during this time it has become one of the most prestigious medical institutions in Europe. The hospital is famous for its numerous discoveries and the world-class achievements in medicine and pharmaceuticals. The medical facility has 29 specialized departments a
Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
1881
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
10188

Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

9.9/10
location_onIsrael, Tel Aviv

Department of General Surgery

The Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center is the second largest and one of the most advanced healthcare and research facilities in Israel. It began its work in 1961, but it is still popular among the local population and attracts thousands of international patients. The multidisciplinary medical center covers an area of ​​150,000 m&s
Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
1931
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
10749

Rambam Health Care Campus Haifa

9.8/10
location_onIsrael, Haifa

Department of General Surgery

The Rambam Health Care Campus Haifa is the largest and the most progressive hospital in Northern Israel. The medical center was founded in 1938 and nowadays is proud of its long history, rich and successful experience in providing comprehensive medical services in all medical fields. The hospital serves more than 2 million local
Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
1999
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
11867 help10817

Medipol Mega University Hospital Istanbul

8/10
location_onTurkey, Istanbul

Department of General Surgery

The Medipol Mega University Hospital is the leading and the largest medical facility in Turkey where the patients can receive top-class medical services according to the international standards. Thanks to a highly qualified medical team, cutting-edge medical technology and a special atmosphere aimed at recovery, the hospital has
Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
1496
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
8159 help7499

University Hospital Marburg UKGM

8.6/10
location_onGermany, Marburg

Department of Abdominal, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery

The University Hospital Marburg UKGM offers patients modern diagnostics and comprehensive therapy at the international level. As a maximum care hospital, the medical facility specializes in all fields of modern medicine ranging from ophthalmology to traumatology and dentistry. The main areas of specialization of the hospital are
Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
1741
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
9344

University Hospital Frankfurt am Main

10/10
location_onGermany, Frankfurt am Main

Department of General and Abdominal Surgery

According to the reputable Focus magazine, the University Hospital Frankfurt am Main ranks among the top German medical facilities! The hospital was founded in 1914 and today is a well-known German medical facility, which combines rich traditions and scientific innovations. A medical team of more than 6,500 employees cares about
Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
1792
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
9547

University Hospital RWTH Aachen

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Aachen

Department of Adult and Pediatric General, Abdominal, Transplant Surgery

According to the prestigious Focus magazine, the University Hospital RWTH Aachen ranks among the top German hospitals! As a maximum care university medical facility, the hospital guarantees patients first-class medical services combined with a respectful and human attitude. The hospital integrates all the modern options for the
Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
2069
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
10885

University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden

9.1/10
location_onGermany, Dresden

Department of Abdominal, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery

According to the prestigious Focus magazine, the University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden is among the top three hospitals in Germany! The hospital is the embodiment of the standards of modern high-quality medicine. Since the hospital positions itself as a maximum care medical facility, it represents all medical fields. The
Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
2194
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
12502

University Hospital Tuebingen

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Tuebingen

Department of General, Abdominal, Adult and Pediatric Transplant Surgery

According to the prestigious medical publication Focus, the University Hospital Tuebingen ranks among the top five German hospitals! The hospital was founded in 1805, therefore it is proud of its long history, unique experience, and outstanding achievements in the field of medical care, as well as research and teaching activitie
Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
1972
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
10174

University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Hamburg

Department of General, Abdominal and Thoracic Surgery

According to the Focus magazine, the University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf ranks among the top ten hospitals in Germany! Since its foundation in 1889, the hospital has taken a leading position in the European medical arena and still occupies it until today. A highly competent medical team of more than 11,000 employees takes care
Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
2274
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
12321

University Hospital Würzburg

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Würzburg

Department of General, Abdominal, Transplant, Vascular and Pediatric Surgery

According to the Focus magazine in 2019, the University Hospital Würzburg ranks among the top national German hospitals! The hospital is one of the oldest medical facilities in Germany. The centuries-old traditions of first-class treatment are combined with the very latest achievements of modern evidence-based medicine and
Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
1820
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
9603

University Hospital Halle (Saale)

9.6/10
location_onGermany, Halle

Department of General, Abdominal, Vascular and Endocrine Surgery

According to the prestigious Focus magazine, the University Hospital Halle (Saale) ranks among the top German medical facilities! The history of the hospital has more than 300 years, and during this time it managed to earn an excellent reputation not only in Germany, but throughout the world. The hospital positions itself as a s
Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
1818
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
9686

University Hospital Rechts der Isar Munich

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Munich

Department of Surgery

According to the prestigious FOCUS magazine, the University Hospital Rechts der Isar Munich ranks among the Germany's top medical institutions! Founded in 1834, the hospital combines long traditions and the very latest achievements of modern medicine. The medical facility includes 33 specialized departments, 20 interdiscipli
Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
1962
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
10943

University Hospital Duesseldorf

9.5/10
location_onGermany, Duesseldorf

Department of General, Abdominal and Pediatric Surgery

According to the authoritative Focus magazine, the University Hospital Duesseldorf ranks among the top Germany hospitals! The hospital is an excellent example of a combination of high-quality health care, research and teaching activities. With more than 50,000 inpatients and about 300,000 outpatients every year, the hospital is
Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
1882
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
10902

University Hospital Muenster

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Muenster

Department of General, Abdominal and Transplant Surgery

According to the Focus magazine, the University Hospital Muenster ranks among the top German hospitals! The hospital belongs to the most prestigious medical institutions in Germany. The hospital is distinguished by a high professionalism of its doctors, state-of-the-art technological equipment and the availability of the most ad
Diagnosis of parathyroid adenoma
1804
Surgical treatment of parathyroid adenoma
9798

About the disease

Parathyroid adenoma originates in parathyroid glands, which are located in the vicinity to the thyroid gland. Typically, person has two pairs of parathyroid glands, which are called upper and lower parts of the glands, but in some cases there may be an extra pair, if thyroid gland is thickened. Parathyroid glands are responsible for producing parathyroid hormone, which regulates the calcium metabolism in the body.

If a person is diagnosed with parathyroid cancer, his/her parathyroid glands accumulate too much hormone, which results in increase of calcium level in blood. Parathyroid adenoma is more common in women, who develop it twice as often as men. It can develop after 20 years of age. According to American medical site HealthLine, surgery for this disease is in 90% successful. 

This disease is caused by over abundant production of parathyroid hormone. It can also develop if gastrointestinal tract was damaged by hypercalcemia. Its most common manifestations are exacerbation, cholecystitis, pancreatitis which are accompanied by severe pain and vomiting.

Abnormalities in cardiovascular system can also cause parathyroid adenoma and they are usually expressed in arterial hypertension and dysfunction of coronary arteries.

Generally, people with hypercalcemia feel pain in the joints because they have unnecessary deposits of calcium salt in their bones. Their skin becomes dry and itchy, they start to lose hair and their mobility becomes restricted.

Symptoms

Ectopic parathyroid adenoma usually occurs if there was some kind of mutation in the production of parathyroid hormone. Mutation affects cells that are mostly responsible for the calcium transport from adenomas. Consequently mutated cells acquire an abnormal secretory activity, and they begin to multiply, transforming into malignant cells that develop parathyroid adenoma. Sometimes mutated cells do not become cancerous, but if the abnormality is not treated on time, risk of developing tumor becomes very high. Overall, typical symptoms are:

  • Dizziness
  • General loss of appetite
  • Evening nausea
  • Constipation
  • Pain in the bones
  • Muscle weakness
  • Memory loss
  • Depression
  • Convulsions
  • In rare cases coma

Almost all patients with parathyroid adenoma develop hypercalcemia in bones. That`s why patient with parathyroid adenoma experience osteoporosis, problems with vertebrae, loss of teeth and hair.  Excess of calcium deposits in the heart muscle causes myocardial infarction.

If hypercalcemia affects kidneys, patients may develop kidney stones, which are the cause of nephrocalcinosis.

Diagnosis

  • General laboratory tests can determine the amount of parathyroid hormone in blood. Such tests also assess level of calcium and phosphorus in the thyroid gland. In order to determine if there actually is a tumor in the gland, doctors use X-ray examination, ultrasound and biopsy.
  • In order to fully examine patient with parathyroid adenoma symptoms, doctor may refer to endocrinologist, gastroenterologist, cardiologist, nephrologist and neurologist to evaluate if hypercalcemia  is present in other organs.  .
  • To assess bone destruction severity doctor inspects the state of bones of the feet, hands, skull and torso. Condition of the digestive system is assessed by abdominal ultrasound or by endoscopy, when the camera is introduced into the patient's body.

Treatment

  • Parathyroid adenoma treatment usually requires surgical intervention with resection of the affected glands. In fact surgery is the only solution for this disease, because adenoma can not be cured by chemotherapy or radiofrequency intervention. During the surgery both sides of neck get opened, so that the doctor can remove adenoma. During the surgery on the parathyroid glands, it is important to constantly examine all glands, monitor calcium  in blood level and check heart activity.
  • Before the surgical intervention patient has to undergo special preoperative stage which includes treatment of hypercalcemia and organs that were affected by the excessive amount of calcium in the body. During this preoperative stage patient needs to be on a special diet, which totally restricts calcium consumption with food. Since surgery is done on the neck, it is vital for the surgeon to preserve patient's voice, which requires great skills and proficiency.
  • If there are multiple parathyroid adenomas they all need to be removed as well.

After parathyroid treatment, the levels of calcium in the body need to be checked constantly. Typically after the removal of adenomas the circulation of calcium in the blood normalizes in the matter of 3-4 days. In some rare cases patient may get hypocalcemia, which requires further treatment. Usually it can be cured by special diet and drugs that help to control level calcium. After the surgery the bone structure can become too fragile. In order to restore it, patients can take course of physiotherapy.

 




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