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Lung Cancer: Diagnostic in the Best Hospitals in the World

Academic Hospital Augustinerinnen Cologne

10/10
location_onGermany, Cologne

Department of Pulmonology

The Department of Pulmonology offers the full range of medical services for the diagnostics and treatment of respiratory diseases. The specialists have unique experience in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, asthma, interstitial lung diseases, infectious lesions of the respiratory system and pleural diseases. In addition, the department's doctors specialize in the treatment of sleep disorders and long term non-invasive ventilation. The department has state-of-the-art diagnostic and therapeutic techniques to guarantee complete recovery of the patients even in the most complex clinical cases. The department annually admits more than 2,100 inpatients.

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Medipol Mega University Hospital Istanbul

8/10
location_onTurkey, Istanbul

Department of Pulmonology and Thoracic Surgery

The Department of Pulmonology and Thoracic Surgery offers the comprehensive diagnostics, conservative and surgical treatment of respiratory diseases. Of particular interest is the treatment of thoracic cancers. In addition, the department is distinguished by successful experience in thoracic reconstructive surgery, including the correction of pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum. The Section of Bronchoscopy performs all modern bronchoscopic procedures and plays an important role in the diagnostics.

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University Hospital Heidelberg

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Heidelberg

Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pulmonology

According to the Focus magazine, the Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pulmonology is included in the ranking of the best German departments specializing in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases! The department offers the accurate diagnostics and effective treatment of diseases of the heart, blood vessels, lung and respiratory tract. The department has 132 beds. A large team of more than 500 employees takes care of the patients’ health. All of them have excellent qualifications and make every effort to provide first-class treatment to each patient.

University Hospital RWTH Aachen

8.7/10
location_onGermany, Aachen

Department of Cardiology, Pulmonology and Angiology

According to the Focus magazine, the Department of Cardiology, Pulmonology and Angiology ranks among the top German medical facilities specializing in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases! The department offers all the modern medical options for the diagnostics and treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular system and lungs. The department's doctors have extensive experience and expert knowledge for the provision of competent medical care to patients with coronary heart disease, heart failure, arrhythmias, heart valve defects, cardiomyopathies, as well as hypertension. All the advanced diagnostic methods are available in the department. Special attention is paid to interventional therapy of various cardiovascular pathologies.

University Hospital Frankfurt am Main

10/10
location_onGermany, Frankfurt am Main

Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Pulmonology, Allergology, Endocrinology and Diabetology

The Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Pulmonology, Allergology, Endocrinology and Diabetology offers the full diagnostic and therapeutic range of services in the fields of its specialization. The department specializes in liver pathologies and oncological diseases of the bronchi, endocrine glands, liver, biliary tract, pancreas and other gastrointestinal organs. In addition, the department is a recognized Diabetes Center. The service range is complemented by dietology. The treatment is provided in accordance with the international protocols using the very latest medicines.

University Hospital Jena

8.9/10
location_onGermany, Jena

Department of Cardiology, Angiology, Pulmonology and Intensive Care

According to the Focus magazine, the Department of Cardiology, Angiology, Pulmonology and Intensive Care ranks among the top German medical facilities of this kind! The department offers the full range of diagnostic and therapeutic services in these fields. The main areas of specialization include interventional cardiac catheterization, including stent implantation, treatment of myocardial infarction, structural heart diseases, interventional therapy of heart valve (for example, TAVI and MitraClip techniques), electrophysiological examinations, ablation procedures, implantation of pacemakers and defibrillators, as well as diagnostic and interventional angiology, highly specialized treatment of lung diseases. The emergency cardiac care is provided in the department around the clock. The department operates in accordance with the very latest medical standards and has DIN EN ISO 9001 certification.

University Hospital Würzburg

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Würzburg

Department of Cardiology, Endocrinology, Nephrology and Pulmonology

The Department of Cardiology, Endocrinology, Nephrology and Pulmonology offers the full range of diagnostics and treatment of all diseases of the heart and blood vessels, pathologies of the endocrine organs, including diabetes mellitus, as well as diseases of the kidneys, lungs and respiratory tract. The department has in its arsenal an advanced medical infrastructure, which allows to provide the high-precision diagnostics and the most effective treatment of even the most complex clinical cases. At the center of all efforts of the department’s medical team is the patient, his health and a positive emotional mood for a favorable therapy outcome.

University Hospital Duesseldorf

9.5/10
location_onGermany, Duesseldorf

Department of Cardiology, Pulmonology and Angiology

According to the Focus magazine, the Department of Cardiology, Pulmonology and Angiology ranks among the top German departments specializing in cardiovascular diseases! It provides an accurate diagnostics and effective treatment of all diseases of the cardiovascular system, lungs, and respiratory tract. The highly qualified world-class specialists work with patients. Various functional and imaging examination techniques are available for the accurate diagnostics. Also, the department has state-of-the-art Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory.

University Hospital of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

10/10
location_onGermany, Munich

Department of Pulmonology

The Department of Pulmonology offers the full range of diagnostics and treatment of diseases of the lungs, bronchi and upper respiratory tract. The department has state-of-the-art technical equipment, intensive care units and an advanced Sleep Laboratory. Of particular interest is the treatment of lung cancer, which is carried out in close cooperation with the specialists from related disciplines: radiation therapy, oncology, radiology and others.

Charite University Hospital Berlin

9/10
location_onGermany, Berlin

Department of Pulmonology

The Department of Pulmonology offers the full range of accurate diagnostics and effective treatment of acute and chronic lung diseases, including infectious pulmonary lesions, on an inpatient and outpatient basis. The department's doctors have advanced equipment, conventional and innovative diagnostic and treatment techniques. All this creates the conditions for the organization of first-class medical care focused on the results and the best possible benefit for the patient.

Memorial Bahcelievler Hospital Istanbul

9.2/10
location_onTurkey, Istanbul

Department of Pulmonology and Somnology

The Department of Pulmonology and Somnology offers the full range of highly accurate diagnostics and effective conservative treatment of diseases of the lungs and other respiratory organs. The department has all resources for provision of top-class medical care – highly qualified doctors with extensive clinical experience, cutting-edge diagnostic equipment for detection of pathological changes in the structure of the respiratory system, as well as effective advanced drugs and other conservative treatment methods. The department's specialists successfully treat pathologies of varying severity, ranging from simple bronchitis to complex types of pneumonia, bronchial asthma and lung cancer.

University Hospital Halle (Saale)

9.6/10
location_onGermany, Halle

Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Pulmonology

The Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Pulmonology offers the full range of diagnostics and treatment in its fields of specialization. The department specializes in the diagnostic and interventional endoscopy, gastrointestinal cancer, treatment of liver, pancreatic diseases, as well as chronic inflammatory bowel diseases. In the field of pulmonology, the focus is on the diagnostics and treatment of obstructive, interstitial lung diseases, lung cancer and cystic fibrosis.

University Hospital Marburg UKGM

8.6/10
location_onGermany, Marburg

Department of Pulmonology

The Department of Pulmonology offers all the options of modern medicine for the diagnostics and treatment of lung diseases. The specialists of the department mostly deal with the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, pneumonia, lung cancer and sleep-related breathing disorders. The department has an in-house Intensive Care Unit with the possibility of invasive and non-invasive mechanical ventilation, as well as other intensive care procedures. To provide the accurate diagnostics, the department offers state-of-the-art endoscopic examinations.

University Hospital Rechts der Isar Munich

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Munich

Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pulmonology

The Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pulmonology offers the full range of services in these medical fields. The department specializes in performing all kinds of cardiovascular interventions, modern diagnostics and comprehensive treatment of diseases of the arteries, veins and lymphatic vessels, all pathologies of the respiratory system. The doctors of the department prefer an individual approach, the use of modern therapeutic methods, which guarantee the optimal result.

University Hospital Bonn

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Bonn

Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pulmonology

The Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pulmonology offers the full range of diagnostics and treatment of all diseases of the cardiovascular system, lungs and bronchi, as well as veins and arteries, both on an outpatient and inpatient basis. The department specializes in the treatment of coronary heart disease, heart valve diseases, heart arrhythmias, congenital and acquired heart defects, as well as of inflammatory cardiovascular diseases.

University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden

9.1/10
location_onGermany, Dresden

Department of Pulmonology

The Department of Pulmonology offers the full range of diagnostics and treatment of diseases of the lower respiratory tract (trachea and bronchi), lungs (pneumonia, obstructive respiratory diseases, pulmonary fibrosis, lung cancer), pulmonary hypertension, pleural diseases (pleurisy, pleural mesothelioma), sleep related breathing disorders (obstructive/central sleep apnea), and respiratory muscle weakness. The department also specializes in the treatment of rare lung diseases. Lung cancer therapy is based on an interdisciplinary approach and is carried out in collaboration with the specialists from the Comprehensive Cancer Center Dresden.

Lung cancer remains one of the most unfavorable oncological diseases. It mainly affects smokers. Most patients die within the first year after diagnosis. In developed countries, the doctors use diagnostic techniques, which allow them to detect the disease at an early stage. The high-quality clarifying diagnostics helps to better plan treatment and achieve good results.

Is it possible to diagnose lung cancer at the initial stages?

Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in the world. It is in the first place in the number of deaths from cancer causes. Therefore, many developed countries try to organize a screening of this pathology. The outstanding successes in this field have not yet been achieved, but some methods, which contribute to the early detection of malignant lung tumors in individual patients are already available. At the same time, the screening for the whole population is still not carried out.

Previously, the doctors tried to use a chest X-ray for early diagnostics, but it turned out that this screening method is not very effective. It does not significantly affect patient survival. Those tumors, which are detected on X-rays, in most cases are too large to be cured.

In recent years, low-dose CT scans have been used for the examination of people at risk group for lung cancer in developed countries. It helps to detect small neoplasms in the lungs, which may be malignant. Such examination should be carried out once a year. It reduces the risk of death from lung cancer.

Indications for the preventive annual examination:

  • Smoking or quitting less than 15 years ago
  • Age after 55 years

In combination of these two factors, the patient should be examined. It should be understood that even CT scan does not guarantee success in the cancer treatment, because some small tumors will not be detected. In other patients, CT scan reveals cancer too late, so it cannot be cured.

In the following cases lung cancer screening is not recommended:

  • The presence in the body of metal devices, which interfere with CT scans, these are usually pacemakers or mechanical rods in the spine
  • Concomitant somatic diseases, which are a contraindication to surgical treatment
  • Age above 75 years

The examinations carried out in the United States on 50,000 people showed the effectiveness of screening using CT scanning. It turned out that smokers who underwent such a preventive examination for 3 years were 20% less likely to die from lung cancer than those who had a chest X-ray. They also had 7% lower risk of death from all causes.

Nevertheless, the screening has drawbacks. In 25% of people in the above mentioned examination, the detected neoplasm was not cancer. Therefore, they underwent a procedure, which was not necessary for them. This is usually CT scan, tumor biopsy or removal of a part of the lung.

Symptoms

Most cases of lung cancer are detected only after the onset of clinical signs, but when the symptoms occur, it means that the tumor has already reached a large size. The exception is central cancer. It affects the large bronchus. If the neoplasm grows in the direction of its lumen, then symptoms may appear earlier.

The disease has the following signs:

  • Dry cough
  • Hemoptysis
  • Chest pain, which worsens at the height of inspiration or in coughing
  • Weight loss
  • Irregular breathing
  • Frequent infections, recurrent pneumonia
  • Weakness, fatigue, loss of appetite, weight loss

Lung cancer can spread metastases. In this case, symptoms occur from other organs. This can be bone pain, jaundice, enlarged supraclavicular lymph nodes, headache.

Lung cancer has the following specific symptoms:

Horner's syndrome or oculosympathetic syndrome occurs in cancer of the apex of the lung. Due to nerve compression in a person, sweat does not cover one side of the face, the pupil narrows on the same side, the eyelid drops. In apex cancer, the shoulder often hurts.

Superior vena cava syndrome occurs near the lung. In the case of compression by a tumor, the face, hands and upper part of the thorax swell. The cyanosis of the skin in these areas is also possible. Many patients complain about headache and dizziness.

Paraneoplastic syndromes may cause the first symptoms in some types of lung cancer. Even if metastases are absent, the signs of the disease occur from other organs and systems due to hormonal imbalance, increased levels of calcium in the blood, a tendency to thrombosis and damage to the nervous system.

Establishment and clarification of the diagnosis

When the diagnostics is required:

  • Onset of lung cancer symptoms
  • Detection of pathological changes in lung tissue on X-ray or low-dose CT scan

Should a suspicious lesion be detected, the standard CT scan will be prescribed. It is characterized by a higher dose of radiation and the need for injection of intravenous contrast agent, but shows more accurate results.

The diagnosis can be confirmed by cytological or histological examination, which is obtained from the lung material. The doctors can obtain it using many techniques:

  • Sputum is collected for three days in a row in the morning and mainly helps to detect squamous cell carcinoma
  • Pleurocentesis – pleural puncture for the obtaining of pleural fluid, it is performed in case of effusion, the fluid can be sent for cytological examination
  • Fine needle biopsy – a needle can be inserted through the esophagus, trachea or thoracic skin
  • Bronchoscopy – the insertion of a tube into the bronchus allows the doctor to obtain a sample of the tumor, if it is in the reach of the endoscope

Clarifying methods:

  • CT scan allows the doctor to detect metastases, enlarged lymph nodes
  • MRI is carried out for the detection of metastatic foci in the central nervous system
  • PET – a radiopharmaceutical is injected into the body, which "highlights" metastatic foci during follow-up scanning. It does not provide accurate imaging, but indicates the location of metastases in any part of the body
  • X-ray examination of bones for the detection of bone metastases
  • Endobronchial and transesophageal ultrasound scanning, with the placement of a sensor inside the bronchi or esophagus, it can reveal enlarged lymph nodes
  • Mediastinoscopy is an invasive diagnostic method, during which the doctor can assess the condition of the lymph nodes near the trachea and large bronchi
  • Thoracoscopy is a diagnostic operation involving the insertion of a thin tube with a camera into the thorax through a small incision

Diagnostics abroad with the Booking Health company

You can undergo the diagnostics and treatment of lung cancer abroad, in one of the best hospitals in the world. To do this, you can book the program via the Booking Health service. The doctors abroad perform effective operations, which can preserve lung function. To improve the effectiveness of surgical treatment, intraoperative chemotherapy, irradiation, immunotherapy and other techniques can be used. When booking a diagnostic and treatment program via Booking Health, you will receive the following benefits:

  • Selection of the best clinic, which specializes in the treatment of lung cancer, uses the very latest techniques, shows good statistics.
  • Reduced costs for medical services up to 50% due to the lack of overpricing and additional coefficients for foreign patients.
  • Booking an appointment on the most suitable dates for you.
  • Preparation of the program, taking into account previously performed tests.
  • Establishment of communication directly with the attending physician.
  • Monitoring of the diagnostic or therapy program all its stages.
  • Control of invoices, return of unspent funds.
  • Buying and forwarding of medicines.
  • Organization of additional diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
  • Communication with the hospital upon the diagnostics and therapy completion.

The Booking Health company will provide you with top-class services. We will book a hotel and airline tickets for you, arrange a transfer from the airport to the hospital and back.

The cost of Lung cancer diagnostics starts from 3887.
To apply for Lung cancer diagnostics of you can submit your request at BookingHealth.



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