Lung cancer is a group of malignant tumors. Oncology develops due to a mutation in the cells of the lungs. Lung cancer more often affects the right lung than the left, but the upper lobes of the organ also suffer.
Lung cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed and dangerous types of oncology, regardless of the type.
Lung cancer progresses not rapidly, but over many years. It is often not limited to the lungs; the tumor can spread metastases to other organs and tissues of the human body.
The exact reasons that can provoke the development of a cancerous tumor have not been determined. However, there are still some factors that can facilitate the development, including:
It is this bad habit that in 90% of cases becomes the main reason for the development of a deadly disease. The reason is hidden in nicotine and other carcinogenic substances that a person inhales with tobacco smoke. You also need to understand that passive smokers run the risk of developing lung cancer. The appearance of oncology is influenced by the number of cigarettes smoked, their composition, and their smoking experience.
The greatest danger to the human body is caused by contact with substances such as asbestos, arsenic, radon, cadmium, nickel, chromium. People who systematically inhale or come into contact with toxic fumes are at risk of cancer.
Systematic inhalation of dust increases the risk of lung cancer.
Diagnosis of lung cancer at the first stage of the development of the disease is not easy, since the diagnosis may not always reflect the development of the tumor process to the required extent, or the doctor may establish an incorrect diagnosis. However, the correct use of a full range of innovative techniques and analyzes makes it possible to identify a neoplasm at the first stages, which significantly increases the chances of successful treatment up to patients’ complete recovery. To detect metastases MRI, ultrasound, general, and biochemical blood tests can be prescribed.
The main way to diagnose lung cancer is lateral radiography. To confirm the diagnosis, a diagnostic method such as computed tomography (CT) of the chest and abdomen is used. With pleural mesothelioma, this type of diagnosis is mandatory. The latest PET-CT method is used to visually identify the disease in patients with small-cell lung cancer and Pancoast tumor (a tumor of the superior sulcus of the lung), as well as in patients who can undergo radical resection.
Along with the main methods of diagnosing cancer, doctors also use several additional methods that allow them to determine the type of neoplasm, and, if it is malignant, the type, extent, and stage. Among the additional diagnostic techniques, bronchoscopy has a special role. In some cases, the technique makes it possible to see the tumor that has entered the lumen of the bronchi, infiltrated walls of the lungs or their compression.
Bronchoscopy is performed by introducing a flexible tube with a camera and a lens into the human bronchi and is required so that the specialist can visually observe the symptoms of lung disease or their absence, as well as the morphological structure of the tumor, and take a tissue sample for further histological examination. With the help of endoscopic examination, the doctors not only find out the morphology of the tumor, but also the nature of growth, specify the limits of its spread (stage).
Embolization is used to treat many diseases. Since the beginning embolization therapy for cancer treatment has been increasingly used, primarily because of its effectiveness and minimally invasiveness – embolization is painless, does not require anesthesia, the instrument is inserted through an artery puncture, which means there is no surgical wound.
Embolization is performed by X-ray surgeons in a specially equipped angiographic operating room. Angiography is always done before embolization. An X-ray contrast agent is injected into the blood vessels, during which an X-ray image is recorded in digital video format. This helps the doctor assess the location and anatomy of the vessels and determine which arteries supply the tumor with blood.
Most often, therapy is performed under local anesthesia. In rare cases, it is necessary to use general anesthesia. Four hours before the embolization procedure, the patients are asked to limit food intake, sometimes they are given sedatives.
In most cases during the therapy, access to the desired vessel is obtained through the femoral artery, this is the most typical access for all angiographic studies and interventions, but other arteries can also be used in other places (radial on the wrist, brachial in the elbow bend, etc.). The doctor makes a small puncture, inserts a special catheter no larger than 1.5 mm into the artery, and puts it forward until it reaches the desired vessel. Emboli are inserted through the catheter into the vessel, which blocks its lumen.
Where can I undergo cancer treatment by embolization abroad?
Health tourism becomes more and more popular these days, as medicine abroad, often ensures a much better quality of treatment with embolization.
The following hospitals show the best success rates in treatment with embolization:
- University Hospital Frankfurt am Main, Germany
- Memorial Bahcelievler Hospital Istanbul, Turkey
- University Hospital Halle (Saale), Germany
- University Hospital Muenster, Germany
- University Hospital Wuppertal, Germany
You can find more information about the hospitals on the Booking Health website.
The cost of treatment by embolization
The prices in hospitals listed on Booking Health are relatively low. With Booking Health, you can undergo treatment by embolization at an affordable price.
The cost of treatment varies, as the price depends on the hospital, the specifics of the disease, and the complexity of its treatment.
The cost of treatment with embolization in Germany is 8,170 – 13,669 EUR.
The cost of treatment with embolization in Turkey is 5,118 – 5,301 EUR.
You might want to consider the cost of possible additional procedures and follow-up care. Therefore, the ultimate cost of treatment may differ from the initial price.
To make sure that the overall cost of treatment is suitable for you, contact us by leaving the request on the Booking Health website.
How can I undergo cancer treatment by embolization abroad?
It is not easy to self-organize any treatment abroad. It takes certain knowledge and expertise. Thus, it is safer, easier, and less stressful to use the services of a medical tourism agency.
As the largest and most transparent medical tourism agency in the world, Booking Health has up-to-date information about embolization in the best hospitals in the world. We will help you select the right clinic taking into account your wishes for treatment.
We want to help you and take on all the troubles. You can be free of unnecessary stress, while Booking Health takes care of all organizational issues regarding the treatment. Our services aimed at you safely and successfully undergoing treatment with embolization.
Medical tourism can be easy!
All you need to do is to leave a request on the Booking Health website and our manager will contact you shortly.