Diverticulitis is an inflammation of saccular protrusions in the colon, accompanied by pain, flatulence and bloating in the abdomen. In most cases, medication can eliminate the negative symptoms. However, if such measures fail, the therapeutic colonoscopy can be recommended to the patient.
To clarify the diagnosis, the gastroenterologist’s consultation is required. The physician performs a clinical examination, collects the case history and prescribes a set of required tests:
- complete blood count,
- biochemical blood test,
- abdominal ultrasound.
Based on these data, the optimal treatment strategy is developed.
2 days before the procedure, the patient is asked to begin to adhere to a certain diet. On the day of colonoscopy, laxatives are prescribed.
The procedure is performed under intravenous anesthesia. A colonoscope (a flexible tube with a camcorder at the end) is introduced into the colon through the anus. Having assessed the degree of lesions in the mucous membranes, the physician takes measures to alleviate the patient’s condition (stops bleeding, administers the topical drugs). During manipulation, the samples for subsequent histological examination is taken. While in hospital, the patient is under continuous medical supervision.
After the Procedure
After colonoscopy, the patient may feel discomfort in the abdomen. To avoid unpleasant feelings, a symptomatic therapy may be prescribed. The gastroenterologist provides recommendations on dietary change and further treatment of the disease.