Esophageal ulcer is usually regarded as a complication of esophagitis or hernia disease. A significant contribution to the development of this pathology is made by bad habits (smoking, alcohol abuse), which explains its prevalence among middle-aged men. In most cases, the disease can be treated successfully by conservative methods.
The treatment tactics is developed based on the survey results. The optimal diagnostic program includes:
- gastroenterologist’s consultation,
- clinical examination,
- collection of anamnestic information,
- complete and biochemical blood counts,
- abdominal ultrasound,
- urease test to identify Helicobacter pylori.
Prolonged exposure of digestive tract walls to Helicobacter pylori may trigger the cancer development. Therefore, when the urease test yields positive results, the patient is recommend to pass additional tests:
- hemoccult test,
- gastroscopy with biopsy.
These techniques can detect malignant tumors at early stages.
Proper nutrition is extremely important for esophageal ulcer. The patients are advised not to overeat, stop irritating the mucous membranes with food and adhere to the schedule of meals. To alleviate the condition, symptomatic therapy is selected (antacids, astringents, regenerating agents etc.).
Treatment efficacy is monitored by endoscopy. After removal of acute effects, the patient is provided individual recommendations for further treatment and disease prevention.