Gastritis is an acute or chronic disease affecting the mucous membranes of the stomach. The leading role in the pathology development is played by Helicobacter pylori. Non-microbial forms are found in less than 5% cases. Conservative treatment of gastritis is aimed at addressing the its cause and suppression of its symptoms.
The disease is diagnosed on the basis of complaints and case history. The following tests are prescribed:
- complete blood count,
- biochemical blood test,
- abdominal ultrasound,
- urease test to identify Helicobacter pylori.
For patients with H. Pylori, the long-lasting gastritis may lead to the development of gastric cancer. If the microorganism test is positive, the physician also recommends:
- hemoccult test,
- gastroscopy with biopsy.
Both studies allow diagnosing malignant tumors at an early stage.
The treatment starts with elimination of factor triggering the inflammatory reaction. For example, in the event of poisoning, the stomach is washed, when H. pylori is detection, the antibiotics are prescribed. The patient is monitored by medical staff continuously. To facilitate the condition, the patient receives symptomatic therapy (antispasmodics, antacids, and other drugs). Recommendations on change of the diet and further prevention of exacerbations are provided.