If you have symptoms of AVB, do not gesitate to get diagnosis and determine the stage of your disease. The prognosis of AVB is determined primarily by the stage of the disease and by its etiology and, to a lesser extent, by the degree of block. Mortality for patients with atrioventricular block varies from 30% and 80%. There is such a big difference on the percentage, because some patients have less dangerous type of atrioventricular block.
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Atrioventricular blocκ is abbreviation for AVB, which is a block of the heart. If a patient has atrioventricular heart block, it means that there are abnormalities of electrical impulses from the area of atria to the ventricles. Patients with atrioventricular heart block often experience disruption of heart rhythm and hemodynamics.
Nevertheless, real causes of AVB are still unknown, because doctors can not determine the exact reason why the electrical impulses become dysfunctional. Usually the beta-blockers do not disrupt the electrical impulses if a person`s heart is healthy, that is why there is an assumption that most patients with atrioventricular block have genetical predisposition.
There are three stages of atrioventricular heart block. The first one is not very dangerous and very often a person does not need to undergo any treatment. Nevertheless, patients with 1st degree atrioventricular block need to be examined by cardiologist on a regular basis. The second degree manifests itself in sudden weakness, blackouts and disruptions of heart. Patients with atrioventricular heart block of this degree may even lose consciousness, but it happens only of the electrical impulses affected lower chambers of the heart. The third stage is called complete atrioventricular block. Complete atrioventricular block is the most dangerous and perilous kind of all bradyarrhythmias and it can result in an unexpected cardiac arrest. Third degree atrioventricular block is usually treated during the surgery.
Diagnosis is usually based on the electrocardiogram. Sometimes the doctors conduct a Holter monitoring during which they monitor a heart for 24 hours to understand the nature of electrical impulses. It may be also detected during general examination, so usually the diagnosis of this disease does not present any difficulties.
If the cause of atrioventricular block are anti-arrhythmic drugs and b-blockers, they must be cancelled immediately. If atrioventricular block developed after some serious heart disease, a person is required to wear a portable pacemaker. Sometimes it is absolutely necessary to install the pacemaker.