Even though glioblastoma can be dangerous, first thing you need to know is that it can be cured. Just do everything you can to get timely diagnosis and treatment and then you will have high chances of survival. You should know, that glioblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumor, making around 60% of all brain tumors. It means that this brain tumor is the most researched type of brain cancer.
Below, methods of glioblastoma treatments are listed. By clicking on the search results, not only will you be able to find the most suitable clinics and the best specialists in this field, you will also be able to find out how much such treatments cost and book the program you are interested in online.
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Neoplastic cells usually develop inside the skull. Glioblastoma may arise at any age. Even children can have it, although most occurrences are common in people aged 50-60 years. Brain tumor of this kind can have a giant size and turn into multiple forms. If not treated, it can result in development of gliosarcoma. According to data obtained by National Cancer Institute there are 24000 people registered with brain cancer annually. Glioblastoma usually develops either in brain stem or in its hemispheres. Glioblastoma in the stem of the brain can not be surgically removed, because brainstem regulates all vital mental and body functions. It also connects head and spinal cord. Basically, brainstem is responsible for respiratory and vasomotor centers, that`s why the initial symptoms of brain stem glioblastoma are heart and respiratory disorders. Disease may begin spreading from the stem and reach other parts of the brain in the changed form of metastasis. Glioblastoma usually develops very rapidly.
Glioblastoma of cerebral hemispheres affects brain hemispheres. This subtype of brain cancer is often diagnosed during cytological research. Tumor of cerebral hemispheres may have an oval or round form and have the size dimension of the beans. Very rarely shape is irregular. This type of glioblastoma can be surgically removed.
There are four stages of the brain tumor.
The risk groups who can get brain tumor are:
There are primary and secondary glioblastomas, that`s why it`s so important to differentiate its type during the diagnosis. The primary glioblastoma has much worse prognosis and is more difficult to treat. Secondary glioblastoma appeared as a result of other diseases and it is more susceptible to chemotherapy and radioactive intervention. Moreover, primary and secondary glioblastomas require different types of surgery, as they can differ in location and can have slightly varying brain cancer symptoms, which may appear at different time.
Other brain cancer signs are hemorrhage and the hemorrhagic stroke, which may be a result of extensive bleeding in tumor tissue. Brain cancer signs rarely appear before tumor is progressed. The most painful glioblastoma symptom is headache.
For the diagnosis of brain cancer doctors usually use MRI and biopsy. Biopsy can show size of malformation. The most modern diagnostic method is stereotactic biopsy which uses three-dimensional computer technology to localize and determine malignant lesion. MRI is considered to be the most accurate diagnostic method, as it produces informative images of brain glioblastoma.
Doctors also use MRC scan of brain and magnetic resonance imaging, when the special marker is injected into the patient head. The marker is connected to the computer and shows the inner side of the brain. The marker helps to determine the location of the brain glioblastoma and create its three-dimensional reconstruction.
According to Science Daily, doctors can also use new type of a biomarker to estimate current progression of tumor and predict speed of its development in future. Such marker was invented and implemented in use by researchers from Southwestern Medical Center.