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Treatment of Kidney Cancer (renal Cell Cancer)

Due to the difficulties associated with the organization of treatment in Turkey, Switzerland and South Korea, we have currently suspended the processing of requests to these regions.

If you are interested in treatment in Germany, please leave a request and our specialists will contact you as soon as possible.

 

Cost for treatment

Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
 from  798
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
 from  10157
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
 from  8772

University Hospital of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

10/10
location_onGermany, Munich

Department of Adult and Pediatric Urology

According to the Focus magazine, the University Hospital of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich is regularly ranked among the best medical institutions in Germany! The hospital is the largest multidisciplinary medical facility, as well as a leading research and training center in Germany and Europe. The hospital is proud of i
Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
2052
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
19311
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
17151

University Hospital Ulm

8.7/10
location_onGermany, Ulm

Department of Adult and Pediatric Urology

The University Hospital Ulm started its activities 35 years ago and during this time it has become one of the most prestigious medical institutions in Europe. The hospital is famous for its numerous discoveries and the world-class achievements in medicine and pharmaceuticals. The medical facility has 29 specialized departments a
Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
1876
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
17840
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
16165

Urology Hospital Munich-Planegg Munich

10/10
location_onGermany, Munich

Department of Adult and Pediatric Urology

According to Focus magazine, the Urology Hospital Munich-Planegg Munich ranks among the top specialized German hospitals! The hospital was founded in 1970 by Dr. Rudolf Castringius. During this time, it became the leading provider of male health care in Germany. In addition, the hospital has the status of one of the best medical
Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
2293 help1793
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
16910
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
15650

University Hospital Frankfurt am Main

10/10
location_onGermany, Frankfurt am Main

Department of Urology

According to the reputable Focus magazine, the University Hospital Frankfurt am Main ranks among the top German medical facilities! The hospital was founded in 1914 and today is a well-known German medical facility, which combines rich traditions and scientific innovations. A medical team of more than 6,500 employees cares about
Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
1791
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
17190
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
15859

University Hospital Heidelberg

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Heidelberg

Department of Adult and Pediatric Urology

According to the Focus magazine, the University Hospital Heidelberg ranks among the top five hospitals in Germany! The hospital is one of the most advanced and reputable medical institutions not only in Germany, but throughout Europe. There are more than 43 specialized departments and 13 medical institutes, which cover all field
Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
0
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
0
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
0

Charite University Hospital Berlin

9/10
location_onGermany, Berlin

Department of Adult and Pediatric Urology

According to the authoritative Focus magazine, the Charite University Hospital Berlin occupies the first place in the rating of the top German medical facilities! The hospital is one of the largest and leading university medical complexes in Europe. The hospital in Germany provides modern diagnostics and treatment of patients, a
Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
2380
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
25223
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
22451

University Hospital Jena

8.9/10
location_onGermany, Jena

Department of Adult and Pediatric Urology

According to the prestigious Focus magazine, the University Hospital Jena regularly ranks among the top German medical facilities! The hospital has positioned itself as a multidisciplinary medical facility with a long history of more than 200 years. Since its foundation, the hospital has been constantly developing and modernizin
Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
2047
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
18847
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
17314

University Hospital Erlangen

9.1/10
location_onGermany, Erlangen

Department of Adult and Pediatric Urology

According to the Focus magazine, the University Hospital Erlangen ranks among the top German medical facilities! The hospital is one of the leading medical facilities in Bavaria and offers the highest level of medical care, which is characterized by the close intertwining of clinical activities with research and training of medi
Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
1830
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
17741
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
16542

University Hospital Halle (Saale)

9.6/10
location_onGermany, Halle

Department of Urology

According to the prestigious Focus magazine, the University Hospital Halle (Saale) ranks among the top German medical facilities! The history of the hospital has more than 300 years, and during this time it managed to earn an excellent reputation not only in Germany, but throughout the world. The hospital positions itself as a s
Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
1827
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
17262
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
15583

University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Hamburg

Department of Adult and Pediatric Urology

According to the Focus magazine, the University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf ranks among the top ten hospitals in Germany! Since its foundation in 1889, the hospital has taken a leading position in the European medical arena and still occupies it until today. A highly competent medical team of more than 11,000 employees takes care
Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
2138
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
21935
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
19854

University Hospital Würzburg

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Würzburg

Department of Adult and Pediatric Urology

According to the Focus magazine in 2019, the University Hospital Würzburg ranks among the top national German hospitals! The hospital is one of the oldest medical facilities in Germany. The centuries-old traditions of first-class treatment are combined with the very latest achievements of modern evidence-based medicine and
Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
1792
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
17047
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
15727

University Hospital RWTH Aachen

8.7/10
location_onGermany, Aachen

Department of Adult and Pediatric Urology

According to the prestigious Focus magazine, the University Hospital RWTH Aachen ranks among the top German hospitals! As a maximum care university medical facility, the hospital guarantees patients first-class medical services combined with a respectful and human attitude. The hospital integrates all the modern options for the
Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
1871
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
19123
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
17065

University Hospital Duesseldorf

9.5/10
location_onGermany, Duesseldorf

Department of Adult and Pediatric Urology

According to the authoritative Focus magazine, the University Hospital Duesseldorf ranks among the top Germany hospitals! The hospital is an excellent example of a combination of high-quality health care, research and teaching activities. With more than 50,000 inpatients and about 300,000 outpatients every year, the hospital is
Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
1938
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
19005
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
17237

University Hospital Rechts der Isar Munich

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Munich

Department of Adult and Pediatric Urology

According to the prestigious FOCUS magazine, the University Hospital Rechts der Isar Munich ranks among the Germany's top medical institutions! Founded in 1834, the hospital combines long traditions and the very latest achievements of modern medicine. The medical facility includes 33 specialized departments, 20 interdiscipli
Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
1945
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
18914
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
17100

University Hospital Tuebingen

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Tuebingen

Department of Urology

According to the prestigious medical publication Focus, the University Hospital Tuebingen ranks among the top five German hospitals! The hospital was founded in 1805, therefore it is proud of its long history, unique experience, and outstanding achievements in the field of medical care, as well as research and teaching activitie
Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
1990
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
17792
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
16516

University Hospital Marburg UKGM

8.6/10
location_onGermany, Marburg

Department of Adult and Pediatric Urology

The University Hospital Marburg UKGM offers patients modern diagnostics and comprehensive therapy at the international level. As a maximum care hospital, the medical facility specializes in all fields of modern medicine ranging from ophthalmology to traumatology and dentistry. The main areas of specialization of the hospital are
Diagnostic tests for renal Cell Cancer
1748
Da Vinci treatment in kidney cancer (renal cell cancer)
15738
Surgical treatment of kidney cancer with nephrectomy and ureterectomy
14778
| from Booking Health GmbH

Content

  1. Kidney cancer: types
  2. Risk factors
  3. Treatment options
  4. How is the surgery performed?
  5. Immunotherapy
  6. Stage 1
  7. Stage 2
  8. Stage 3
  9. Stage 4
  10. Why consider treating kidney cancer in foreign hospitals?
  11. Cost of treatment abroad
  12. How to begin your treatment abroad?

 

Kidney cancer is a malignant tumor developing in one or both kidneys. This disease is in 10th place in terms of prevalence, while it often occurs in urban residents aged 50-70 years.

Kidney cancer: types

 

Kidney cancer occurs in various forms.

Renal cell cancer is the most commonly diagnosed kidney cancer in adults. Renal cell cancer grows from tubules, which form the renal filtration system. Currently, about 90-95 percent among all kidney tumors is renal cell cancer.

The management of renal cell cancers mainly includes surgical intervention. Nonetheless, a peculiarity of sarcomas is their recurrent nature, that is, the ability to reappear in the place of removal. Therefore, an additional treatment for renal cell cancer might be required.

Wilms tumor is pediatric cancer and is treated a different way than in adults. It can be treated with radiotherapy or chemotherapy in combination with surgery.

Risk factors

 

The presence of risk factors does not mean that a kidney tumor will necessarily appear, but it increases the likelihood. It is worth saying that the absence of any factors also does not mean that you are protected from the development of kidney cancer because its occurrence is associated with more complex mechanisms and possible changes in genes.

There are various risk factors for kidney cancer, including:

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Arterial hypertension
  • Certain genetic diseases
  • Uncontrolled intake of painkillers for a long time

Treatment options

 

There are several main methods for the treatment of kidney cancer, which are used in combination or separately.

As a rule, it’s a radical treatment that allows achieving recovery.

The main kinds of surgery are:

  • Radical nephrectomy (complete removal of the tumor along with the kidney and the surrounding affected tissues)
  • Partial resection
  • Cytoreductive surgery (the maximum volume of tumor mass is excised)

If possible, organ-preserving operations are performed, for example, using laparoscopic technologies, with the advantages of minimal tissue trauma, faster recovery, and absence of scars. However, such operations require certain medical indications (small tumor size and absence of metastases). In other cases, open operations are performed.

There’s also an option of radiofrequency ablation through a special electrode-needle. It allows eradicating cancer cells. Ablation is performed percutaneously, but if necessary, it can be performed both open and laparoscopically (through incisions or punctures). The needle direction is monitored using ultrasound or computed tomography. It’s indicated in cases when it’s impossible to conduct a conventional operation.

Embolization of the kidney cancer is performed when there’s bleeding or with no possibility for surgery. During the procedure, a special substance is injected into arteries feeding the tumor. The substance clogs them and, thus, cuts off supply necessary for tumor development.

Drug treatment (chemotherapy, targeted anti-angiogenic therapy) is applied as well. It is carried out in order to reduce the size of the tumor, to destroy the remaining cancer cells. Special drugs are used that affect the growth and multiplication of tumor cells. Aimed at reducing the volume of the primary tumor and number of metastases, it is carried out only in combination with surgical intervention.

How is the surgery performed?

 

During the operation, the surgeon removes only the tumor within healthy tissue borders in order to preserve kidney function. Sometimes this operation is vital, for example, in the absence of another kidney or if another kidney is not functioning (for example, with polycystic kidney disease or developmental defects).

Renal resection is the main treatment for stage 1 kidney cancer, but in some cases it can be used for stage 2 cancer. The results of this operation depend a lot on the experience of the doctor. A kidney resection is performed in various ways, i.e. as the open surgery through the abdominal cavity, with access through the abdominal wall, through the lumbar approach, and endoscopically.

In hospitals with sufficient experience and the availability of special equipment, it is possible to perform laparoscopic or robot-assisted cancer of kidney resection. Both of these options for endoscopic surgical treatment have several advantages for patients. These are small skin incisions, mild postoperative pain syndrome, and a short hospital stay with the possibility of fast recovery and return to normal activities and work.

Immunotherapy

 

Immunotherapy is the use of drugs that act not on the tumor, but on the immune system and help the body fight cancer itself.

The role of the immune system is to protect the body from harmful external factors such as bacteria and viruses, but there are also internal factors such as malignant tumors. When tumor cells appear in the body, the immune system tries to identify them and start fighting by activating the immune response. The immune response involves different types of cells, including a special type of white blood cell called T-cells. These cells are programmed to search for and destroy abnormal tumor cells.

Immunotherapy today includes administration of monoclonal antibodies that block specific targets on the cells of the human immune system or on the surface of tumor cells.

Stage 1

 

Kidney cancer of the first stage is characterized by the fact that tumor cells differ from healthy ones only slightly. This kidney cancer develops rather slowly, which makes it possible to start the treatment timely and achieve the long-term remission or even cure.

Stage 1 kidney cancer responds to treatment fairly well, but only if it is started in a timely manner. It should be borne in mind that after only a few months, the clinical situation can deteriorate significantly.

Kidney cancer does not have any specific symptoms by which it is possible to establish that the patient has cancer. Often, patients attribute malaise to another disease, not paying due attention to it and not resorting to treatment. All this can significantly complicate the subsequent treatment of the disease.

Stage 2

 

In 50% of cases kidney cancer is detected by chance during ultrasound scan (with a planned clinical examination or treatment for another disease). The early stages of kidney cancer are often asymptomatic. Clinical symptoms of kidney cancer, such as presence of blood in the urine (hematuria), an increase in blood pressure, pain and palpable formation in the projection of the kidney, general symptoms of cancer (weakness, weight loss), are rarely observed at stage 2, or their severity is insignificant. It is necessary to see a doctor for the following symptoms:

  • Discoloration of urine, the appearance of blood clots in it
  • Aching or bursting pain in the lumbar region
  • Frequent urination or discomfort during urination
  • Increased body temperature
  • Changes in blood pressure for no apparent reason

The main treatment for stage 2 kidney cancer is surgery. Removal of the entire kidney with a tumor (radical nephrectomy) remains the only surgical option for this category of patients. In some cases (with tumors less than 4 cm in size), organ-preserving surgery can be performed. It includes removal of a part of the kidney with a tumor (kidney resection), which allows the organ to be preserved. Currently, the laparoscopic method of removing a kidney tumor is widely used, which is a minimally invasive method of surgical intervention that makes it possible to avoid open surgery (laparotomy).

Stage 3

 

Stage 3 kidney cancer may include a tumor of various sizes, spreading to the lymph nodes located close to the kidney, as well as to the blood vessels of the kidney and abdomen.

Third-stage kidney cancer can be established only after conducting an examination that includes ultrasound scan, X-ray examination with the use of contrast agents, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. It becomes possible to determine the type of kidney cancer based on a biopsy.

Surgery is one of the most effective treatments for stage 3 kidney cancer. It is used even if the patient has regional and distant metastases, since the operation significantly increases the patient's survival.

Currently, scientists assess the expediency of conducting surgery for single, even distant metastases of a kidney tumor. As it was demonstrated by the results of medical research, such operations improve the patient's overall quality of life and prolong it significantly.

Stage 4

 

It is the most difficult to treat stage 4 kidney cancer. In stage 4 cancer, tumor cells significantly differ from healthy cells. Rapid growth and spread beyond the renal segment are characteristic for the advanced stage kidney cancer. Metastases are found in the lymph nodes, in the intestine, spleen, and anterior abdominal wall.

In addition to the conventional treatment methods, embolization of the kidney cancer of stage 4 may be prescribed.

Embolization is a treatment involving blockage (occlusion) of blood vessels of a malformation. Embolization is used for treatment in cases where surgery is associated with a high risk, which is applicable to stage 4 kidney cancer.

For the embolization of the kidney cancer of stage 4 doctors use special embolizing substances. These are drugs (chemoembolization) or coils that are inserted into blood vessels, which cuts off blood circulation into the particular area. The choice of embolizing agent depends primarily on the need for a temporary or permanent result of treatment.

Embolization of the kidney cancer for stage 4 cancer is much less traumatic than open surgery. Embolization of the kidney cancer of stage 4 doesn’t require surgical incisions or further sutures. Therefore, the patient's hospital stay (up to one day) and the risk of complications development are reduced.

Why consider treating kidney cancer in foreign hospitals?

 

First of all, we should mention the high diagnostic level in foreign hospitals. Methods of visual diagnostics allow detecting the medical condition in just a few days. To determine renal metastases, PET-CT is carried out that is not available in hospitals of developing countries.

Second comes the preference for low-traumatic procedures in foreign hospitals. To remove as much of the tumor as possible and preserve kidney functioning, surgeons must be highly qualified, and hospitals must have the appropriate equipment, which is available at the best foreign hospitals.

And third, treatment of kidney cancer in foreign hospitals demonstrates favourable results even with advanced cancer. The approved treatment regimens for kidney cancer stop the pathological growth, improve the patient's condition and prolong life.

To find out which hospitals offer specific kidney cancer care services, visit the Booking Health website.

Cost of treatment abroad

 

In each case, price is specified according to the indications, a required number of procedures, and additional hospital services.

However, the common cost of treatment with laparoscopic nephrectomy with ureterectomy starts at 13,616 EUR, and the cost of treatment abroad with laparoscopic partial nephrectomy starts at 8,720 EUR.

It is not always possible to estimate a precise cost of treatment abroad, as the price is influenced by too many factors.

To clarify prices, or in case of any questions about kidney cancer and its treatment, you can fill out the request form and get a consultation from Booking Health.

How to begin your treatment abroad?

 

Treatment abroad means experienced specialists, high-precision equipment, advanced techniques, and a high level of comfort. If you want to go to Germany, Turkey, Israel, or any other country for treatment abroad, Booking Health will organize the whole treatment abroad for you. 

Booking Health negotiates with clinics, prepares and translates documents, issues a medical visa, provides accommodation and transfer, selects the best hospital for treatment for you, and provides many other services.

Booking Health company employs qualified specialists who will help you get answers to all your questions, as well as provide all possible assistance in the selection of specific cancer hospitals or doctors.

Leave a request on the Booking Health website, and our consultants will be happy to answer all your questions.

Authors: Dr. Vadim ZhiliukDr. Sergey Pashchenko




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