Thyroid cancer can be a grave condition to handle. Just remember that you are not alone. We are here to help you. Not only can you find here useful information about your disease, you can also book a private consultation with the best specialists.
Below, methods of thyroid cancer treatments are listed. By clicking on the search results, not only will you be able to find the most suitable clinics and the best specialists in this field, you will also be able to find out how much such treatments cost and book the program you are interested in online.
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Until recently, thyroid cancer had not been researched enough. However, thanks to impressive advancements in this field, doctors are now able to treat this type of cancer effectively. Thyroid cancer develops in the thyroid, also known as the epithelium. This disease is also known as papillary carcinoma. Techniques for treatment of thyroid cancer have been invented and implemented into use over the last 50 years.
Thyroid cancer is considered to be a rare disease. Its incident rate is about 1.6% of all malignant tumors. Thyroid cancer is more common in women aged 45-65 years (4 times more often than men). Sometimes thyroid cancer is caused by a radioactive environment, when people get exposed to radioactive iodine. Even if there is no radiation exposure, risk of thyroid cancer can significantly increase with age.
Although this is a rare disease, doctors have reported that the rate of mortality has diminished dramatically over recent years. But in order to recover, it is necessary to undergo a specialized course of treatment and to be diagnosed in time. Today, approximately 80% of malignant tumors are detected at the stage of microinvasive carcinoma, the size of which is less than 0.9 mm without lymph node involvement. This is good news. According to medical journal HealthDay, there is steady progress in curing cancer. For instance, there is a drop in the number of deaths by 1.2% each year. Although this seems to be a relatively small number, it represents thousands of people who have fully recovered from cancer.
A number of high risk factors contribute to the growth of thyroid cancer:
However, it is believed that the swelling of the thyroid glands is a hereditary disease, as cancer cells are incorporated in the body at the genetic level and they progress further under the negative influence of predisposing factors mentioned above.
It is not easy to detect signs of thyroid cancer at an early stage because cancers do not manifest themselves for a long period of time. Soon, however, the patients begin to notice negative changes in their own state of health. Symptoms can include:
Along with the growth of the tumor, thyroid cancer symptoms include shortness of breath, choking, loss of appetite and weight loss.
For children, thyroid cancer growth is relatively slow. Older patients have more severe common symptoms, and the progression of the disease is very rapid. Rare signs of thyroid cancer are anemia and high levels of some hormones.
Overall, diagnosis is made by ultrasound, MRI and scintigraphy of the thyroid gland. However, the main criterion is the detection of cancer cells in the material obtained during the needle biopsy.
Today, endocrinological science has a number of effective methods at its disposal to deal with thyroid cancer. Thyroid cancer treatment may involve thyroid cancer surgery, radioactive therapy with iodines or hormonal therapy, chemotherapy and irradiation. Using a combination of two or more methods, the doctor can achieve high cure rates for thyroid gland cancer.