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Treatment of Thyroid Cancer

➤Thyroid cancer ✔ Information about hospitals and doctors ★ Rankings ✔ Reviews $ Prices ✉ Send request to the hospital

Best hospitals and doctors for thyroid cancer treatment abroad

The selection of doctors and clinics is carried out on the basis of annual qualification reports. The main selection criterion is the number of operations or procedures performed. It takes into account experience, reputation in the medical society, the availability of quality certificates and high specialization in a certain field.

Cost for treatment

Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
 from  2748
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
 from  7182
Treatment of thyroid cancer with radioiodine therapy
 from  5923

Martha-Maria Hospital Munich

8.9/10
location_onGermany, Munich

Department of General, Abdominal, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery

The Martha-Maria Hospital in Munich is one of the institutions of the Martha-Maria diaconal enterprise and an Academic Teaching Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University. This Hospital is one of the leading clinics in Bavaria, with state-of-the-art medical equipment and modern operating rooms.
Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
3549
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
9430
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with metastases to lymph nodes with lymphadenectomy
14082

University Hospital Ulm

8.7/10
location_onGermany, Ulm

Department of General and Abdominal Surgery

The University Hospital Ulm started its activities 35 years ago and during this time it has become one of the most prestigious medical institutions in Europe. The hospital is famous for its numerous discoveries and the world-class achievements in medicine and pharmaceuticals. The medical facility has 29 specialized departments a
Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
3755
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
9748
Treatment of thyroid cancer with radioiodine therapy
7925

Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center

9.9/10
location_onIsrael, Tel Aviv

Department of General Surgery

The Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center (Ichilov) is the second largest and one of the most advanced healthcare and research institutions in Israel. Founded in 1961, it still enjoys popularity among the local population and draws thousands of international patients.  Today the Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center is a huge multid
Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
3929
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
10291
Chemotherapy for thyroid cancer (1 course)
7506

Rambam Health Care Campus Haifa

9.8/10
location_onIsrael, Haifa

Department of General Surgery

Rambam Health Care Campus is the largest and the most advanced hospital in Northern Israel. Founded in 1938, the medical center has a long history and a rich experience in providing comprehensive medical services in all medical specialties. Ramdam serves over 2 million residents of the country, as well as the Israel Defense Forc
Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
3837
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
11756 help10256
Chemotherapy for thyroid cancer (1 course)
8350 help7510

Medipol Mega University Hospital Istanbul

8/10
location_onTurkey, Istanbul

Department of General Surgery

Medipol Mega University Hospital in Istanbul is the largest, leading hospital in Turkey with a broad range of medical services. Thanks to the highly qualified medical staff, the state-of-the-art medical technology and a special well-being ambience, the Hospital enjoys an excellent reputation in both national and international ar
Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
2748
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
7982 help7182
Chemotherapy for thyroid cancer (1 course)
5969 help5509

University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden

9.1/10
location_onGermany, Dresden

Department of Abdominal, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery

According to the prestigious Focus magazine, the University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden is among the top three hospitals in Germany! The hospital is the embodiment of the standards of modern high-quality medicine. Since the hospital positions itself as a maximum care medical facility, it represents all medical fields. The
Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
4390
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
11920
Treatment of thyroid cancer with radioiodine therapy
9459

University Hospital RWTH Aachen

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Aachen

Department of General, Abdominal and Transplant Surgery

With its 34 clinics, 25 institutes and five multidisciplinary units covers the University Hospital Aachen not only the entire spectrum of medicine, but also it offers a patient- oriented medical care and nursing, medical education and research of international level. The University Hospital RWTH Aachen is included in t
Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
3941
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
10511
Treatment of thyroid cancer with radioiodine therapy
8422

University Hospital Marburg UKGM

8.6/10
location_onGermany, Marburg

Department of Abdominal, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery

The University Hospital of Giessen and Marburg (UKGM) offers medical care, modern diagnosis and comprehensive treatment at the advanced international level. As a maximum care hospital, the UKGM covers the entire spectrum of modern medicine ranging from ophthalmology up to trauma surgery and dentistry. The hospital is mainly focu
Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
3417
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
8728
Chemotherapy for thyroid cancer (1 course)
6527

University Hospital Halle (Saale)

9.6/10
location_onGermany, Halle

Department of General, Abdominal, Vascular and Endocrine Surgery

According to the prestigious Focus magazine, the University Hospital Halle (Saale) ranks among the top German medical facilities! The history of the hospital has more than 300 years, and during this time it managed to earn an excellent reputation not only in Germany, but throughout the world. The hospital positions itself as a s
Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
3537
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
9412
Treatment of thyroid cancer with radioiodine therapy
7563

University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Hamburg

Department of General, Abdominal and Thoracic Surgery

According to the Focus magazine, the University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf ranks among the top ten hospitals in Germany! Since its foundation in 1889, the hospital has taken a leading position in the European medical arena and still occupies it until today. A highly competent medical team of more than 11,000 employees takes care
Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
4381
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
12119
Chemotherapy for thyroid cancer (1 course)
6495

University Hospital Würzburg

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Würzburg

Department of General, Abdominal, Transplant, Vascular and Pediatric Surgery

According to the Focus magazine in 2019, the University Hospital Würzburg ranks among the top national German hospitals! The hospital is one of the oldest medical facilities in Germany. The centuries-old traditions of first-class treatment are combined with the very latest achievements of modern evidence-based medicine and
Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
3515
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
9254
Treatment of thyroid cancer with radioiodine therapy
7555

University Hospital Tuebingen

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Tuebingen

Department of General, Abdominal, Adult and Pediatric Transplant Surgery

According to the prestigious medical publication Focus, the University Hospital Tuebingen ranks among the top five German hospitals! The hospital was founded in 1805, therefore it is proud of its long history, unique experience, and outstanding achievements in the field of medical care, as well as research and teaching activitie
Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
3820
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
10044
Treatment of thyroid cancer with radioiodine therapy
7880

University Hospital Rechts der Isar Munich

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Munich

Department of Surgery

Founded in 1834, the University Hospital Rechts der Isar Munich combines long traditions and the very latest achievements of modern medicine, thanks to which it belongs to Germany's leading hospitals. The medical facility includes 33 specialized departments, 20 interdisciplinary centers, in which patients are provided with f
Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
3980
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
10430
Treatment of thyroid cancer with radioiodine therapy
8356

University Hospital Muenster

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Muenster

Department of General, Abdominal and Transplant Surgery

According to the Focus magazine, the University Hospital Muenster ranks among the top German hospitals! The hospital belongs to the most prestigious medical institutions in Germany. The hospital is distinguished by a high professionalism of its doctors, state-of-the-art technological equipment and the availability of the most ad
Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
3473
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
9440
Treatment of thyroid cancer with radioiodine therapy
7624

University Hospital Duesseldorf

9.5/10
location_onGermany, Duesseldorf

Department of General, Abdominal and Pediatric Surgery

According to the authoritative Focus magazine, the University Hospital Duesseldorf ranks among the top Germany hospitals! The hospital is an excellent example of a combination of high-quality health care, research and teaching activities. With more than 50,000 inpatients and about 300,000 outpatients every year, the hospital is
Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
4013
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
10483
Treatment of thyroid cancer with radioiodine therapy
8352

University Hospital Frankfurt am Main

10/10
location_onGermany, Frankfurt am Main

Department of General and Abdominal Surgery

The University Hospital Frankfurt is part of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Frankfurt am Main. The hospital was founded in 1914 and today it is a famous German medical institution with rich traditions. The hospital treats about 49,000 inpatients and 220,000 outpatients every year. The main objective of 32 specia
Diagnostic tests for thyroid cancer
3549
Surgical treatment of thyroid cancer with thyroidectomy
9136
Treatment of thyroid cancer with radioiodine therapy
7604

About the disease

Until recentlythyroid cancer had not been researched enough. However, thanks to impressive advancements in this field, doctors are now able to treat this type of cancer effectively. Thyroid cancer develops in the thyroid, also known as the epithelium. This disease is also known as papillary carcinoma. Techniques for treatment of thyroid cancer have been invented and implemented into use over the last 50 years.

Thyroid cancer is considered to be a rare disease. Its incident rate is about 1.6% of all malignant tumors. Thyroid cancer is more common in women aged 45-65 years (4 times more often than men). Sometimes thyroid cancer is caused by a radioactive environment, when people get exposed to radioactive iodine. Even if there is no radiation exposurerisk of thyroid cancer can significantly increase with age.

Although this is a rare disease, doctors have reported that the rate of mortality has diminished dramatically over recent years. But in order to recoverit is necessary to undergo a specialized course of treatment and to be diagnosed in time. Today, approximately 80% of malignant tumors are detected at the stage of microinvasive carcinoma, the size of which is less than 0.9 mm without lymph node involvement. This is good news. According to medical journal HealthDay, there is steady progress in curing cancer. For instance, there is a drop in the number of deaths by 1.2% each year. Although this seems to be a relatively small number, it represents thousands of people who have fully recovered from cancer.

A number of high risk factors contribute to the growth of thyroid cancer:

  • Presence of chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland
  • Lasting inflammation or neoplastic process of the breasts
  • Genetic predisposition to tumors of the endocrine glands
  • General or local ionizing radiation - this cause of thyroid cancer can develop if a person lives in a harmful environment
  • Thyroid adenoma
  • A number of inherited genetic conditions
  • Conditions associated with a change in hormonal balance during papillary carcinoma
  • Physical changes specific to the female body (menopause, pregnancy, lactation)
  • Most often, the combination of several factors plays a vital role in the growth of papillary carcinoma
  • Deficiency of an iodine element
  • Retirement age
  • Hormonal imbalance
  • Chronic diseases of the thyroid glands

However, it is believed that the swelling of the thyroid glands is a hereditary disease, as cancer cells are incorporated in the body at the genetic level and they progress further under the negative influence of predisposing factors mentioned above.

Symptoms

It is not easy to detect signs of thyroid cancer at an early stage because cancers do not manifest themselves for a long period of time. Soon, however, the patients begin to notice negative changes in their own state of health. Symptoms can include:

  • A sensation of a foreign body in the throat
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Sweating
  • Compression in the throat
  • Nausea
  • Enlarged cervical lymph glands

Along with the growth of the tumor, thyroid cancer symptoms include shortness of breath, choking, loss of appetite and weight loss.

For children, thyroid cancer growth is relatively slow. Older patients have more severe common symptoms, and the progression of the disease is very rapid. Rare signs of thyroid cancer are anemia and high levels of some hormones.

Diagnosis

  • During a Palpation examination, the doctor can find single or multiple swollen lymph nodes.
  • A Radioactive iodine scan can diagnose metastatic thyroid cancer and determine if cancer was caused by exposure to radioactive substances.
  • Ultrasound reveals the size and the number of special nodes in the gland. However, benign thyroid cancer is difficult to distinguish during the ultrasound, so the diagnosis requires the use of additional breast imaging techniques.
  • With the help of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, doctors can diagnose even benign nodules.
  • Computed tomography of the thyroid also presents an opportunity to clarify the stage of disease.
  • Needle biopsy of the thyroid gland, with subsequent histological examination of the biopsy, is the basic verification method.

Overall, diagnosis is made by ultrasound, MRI and scintigraphy of the thyroid gland. However, the main criterion is the detection of cancer cells in the material obtained during the needle biopsy.

Treatment

Today, endocrinological science has a number of effective methods at its disposal to deal with thyroid cancer. Thyroid cancer treatment may involve thyroid cancer surgery, radioactive therapy with iodines or hormonal therapy, chemotherapy and irradiation. Using a combination of two or more methods, the doctor can achieve high cure rates for thyroid gland cancer.

  • The most radical method is a surgical thyroid gland removal. This method is called thyroidectomy. Extended thyroidectomy includes the removal of the muscle along the side of the neck. After surgery, if there are new signs of thyroid cancer, it is absolutely necessary to conduct regular re-examinations to avoid any further recurrence and tumor metastasis, including a chest X-ray, ultrasound thyroid scintigraphy and examinations of thyroglobulin in the blood and others. After the partial or total procedure of thyroidectomy, the patient requires an intake of thyroid hormones (thyroxine) to maintain the high concentration of TSH hormone and reduce thyroid cancer recurrence.
  • Lymphadenectomy is required if a patient has metastases in the lymphs that need to be eliminated.
  • Radioiodine therapy as thyroid cancer treatment is most effective when metastases of thyroid cancer are located only in the lungs and this treatment can lead to their extinction. The recurrence rate of the tumor depends on the level of thyroglobulin in the blood, for example, during the presence of papillary carcinoma.
  • For cases of progressive metastatic thyroid cancer, doctors treat the patient using an external beam. Radiation and chemotherapy are also used for the palliative treatment of incurable cancer.
  • Treatment of thyroid cancer following surgery often involves radioactive iodine isotope 131. This isotope improves survival rates and minimizes the likelihood of relapse.



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