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Tricuspid valve disease is the abnormal function of the tricuspid heart valve. There are four main valves in the human heart: aortic, mitral, palmonary and tricuspid. The tricuspid valve is located between the upper right heart chamber and the bottom chamber. The tricuspid valve mainly regulates the blood flow and is responsible for normal blood circulation. There are two causes of tricuspid valve disease. The first one occures if the valve is too leaky and blood goes not further, but backwards. Tricuspid valve diseases rarely occur solely and of their accord. They usually appear in combination with dysfunctions of other valves, that are interconnected with each other.
Diseases of tricuspid valves include the valve incompetence, the valve difficiency, the valve stenosis and the valve regurgitation. In some cases the person with the tricuspid valve disease experiences the dysplasia of the heart valve, when the valves do not develop and function properly. Usually the dysplasia is inborm and is characteristic for both humans and animals.
The tricuspid disease causes are:
Another common cause is the rheumatic fervor. It is also called the rheumatic heart disease meaning that the inflammation process, which originated from a throat infection, reached the heart. This fever can attack not only heart, but also brain, skin and ligaments.
Tricuspid valve disease has usually the same symptoms as atrial fibrillation or arythmia. They include extremely rapid heartbeat(more than 250 beats per minute), uneasy feeling in the chest, difficulty breathing and pain in the neck. The patients tire quickly and feel exhaustion even if they do not engage in any work. Many of them complain of a constantly cold skin, which does not warm even during the hot weather. Sometimes their hands are so frozen that they feel a strong trepidation and fever with their body temperature being perfectly normal.
Before the surgeon or cardiologist chooses the option treatment, he observes the patient for a certain period of time. For instance, the heart`s condition may improve over some time by itself or it may deteriorate in the retrospect. Furthermore, the heart rhythm of the person who has heart disease changes every week and in some cases every day. To understand the progression of the valve`s work, the doctor needs to regularly observe the patient for at least one month, until he can make a solid conclusion about the exact treatment of tricuspid valve, that would help. Sometimes he can even decide that the patient does not need any treatment, aprt from the usual drugs and medicines, that regulate the heartbeat and help the blood circulate efficiently. in other cases, the surgical intervention is unavoidable, because the person has trouble breathing and feels weak all the time, as the blood flow does not reach the neck and the brain properly.
After the treatment, many patients are advised to undergo the endocarditis prevention therapy. This therapy is done precautiously so that the patient would not contract the infection, called endocarditis. Endocarditis damages the heart valves. It becomes even more ferocious after the patient undergoes the valve treatment and surgery. Usually endocarditis originates in the teeth of the patient, so if the patient was diagnosed with tricuspid valve disease, he should also be examined by the dentist to prevent any teeth troubles. In order to do that the patient needs to take exceptional care after his gums, lead a healthy diet and stop smoking if he still does so. If the patient does contradicts the infection, he is feverish, cold and his throat becomes severely sore. When this happens, the patient needs to see both cardiologist and dentist immediately.