The human heart has four chambers, namely two atria and two ventricles. Between each pair of atria and ventricles is the atrioventricular valve. The left one is called the mitral valve, and the right one is called the tricuspid valve. These heart valves can be damaged by atherosclerosis, hypertension, rheumatic diseases, or other causes. In such cases, patients need atrioventricular valve repair or replacement.
- What operations can be performed on the atrioventricular valves?
- Where to have your atrioventricular valve surgery?
Various types of operations are performed abroad. These may be a commissurotomy (dissection of the heart valve leaflet connection), an annuloplasty (strengthening of the heart valve ring), suturing or restoration of the heart valve leaflets from the autopericardium, or chordal replacement. At the same time, surgeons prefer minimally invasive interventions.
You can seek medical attention at the University Hospitals Essen, the University Hospital Oldenburg, or the University Hospital Ulm.
You do not have to deal with the organization of your treatment yourself if you make an appointment at the clinic through the Booking Health service. We will help you get an appointment without a long waiting period, book hotel and airline tickets, and translate your medical records into English or German. We will also meet you at the airport abroad and take you to a hospital by car, provide interpreting services, and provide ongoing support throughout the entire period of your treatment in a foreign country.
What operations can be performed on the atrioventricular valves?
Atrioventricular valve surgery is divided into the following two groups:
- atrioventricular valve repair;
- atrioventricular valve replacement.
These are the general names of surgical procedures, but the technique of their performance differs significantly for different diseases.
There are different methods of atrioventricular valve repair. For example, doctors can repair the leaflets by suturing them or repair defects with a patch by reconstructing them from autologous tissues (such as the pericardium). For patients with an enlarged heart valve ring, surgeons perform an annuloplasty: sutures are applied or support rings are placed to narrow the opening. Patients with stenosis have a commissurotomy, during which cardiosurgery doctors dissect the connections between the leaflets to increase the valve area.
If surgeons cannot perform surgical reconstruction, heart valve replacement surgery will be performed. Doctors implant an artificial prosthesis (mechanical or biological) in place of the damaged heart valve.
In addition to standard open surgery, doctors abroad also perform minimally invasive interventions. Most often, this is the mitral valve repair in the case of its insufficiency or the implantation of the aortic valve in the case of its stenosis. Such interventions are performed through an incision in the groin from inside the blood vessels without a thoracotomy. They are much safer and better tolerated by patients, and the recovery time after such procedures is minimal.
Where to have your atrioventricular valve surgery?
You can travel abroad to undergo your atrioventricular valve dysplasia treatment, and your treatment of mitral or tricuspid regurgitation and stenosis. The Booking Health website presents the best hospitals with cardiosurgery departments, and the surgical treatment cost is also indicated here. On our website, you can choose cardiosurgery departments abroad and a medical care program at the best price.
The specialists from the Booking Health company will help you arrange your trip. We will recommend clinics that specialize in the treatment of atrioventricular valve dysplasia (AVD) and have high treatment success rates.
The article was edited by medical experts, board-certified doctors Dr. Nadezhda Ivanisova and Dr. Vadim Zhiliuk. For the treatment of the conditions referred to in the article, you must consult a doctor; the information in the article is not intended for self-medication!
American Heart Association
European Society of Cardiology