Mammalogy: Local Excision within Healthy Tissue of Breast Tumor (Surgical Treatment of Breast Tumor by Local Excision Followed by Defect Closure)
Local excision in mammalogy is performed for such benign formations as fibroids, papillomas, lipomas and cysts. The indications for intervention is an expressed visual defect (for example, an excessive increase in the affected breast) or a high risk of degeneration into a malignant tumor. The cosmetic outcome depends on the scope of manipulation.
The formations are removed under general anesthesia. Depending on the tumor location, the incision is made directly above it, on the edge of the areola, or on the side of the gland (near the armpit). Having determined the boundaries of the pathological focus, the surgeon excises the affected tissue.
Bleeding from the wound is stopped by ligation. Then, the walls of the resultant cavity and adipose tissue are stitched. If a visual defect is formed, it is liquidated by shift of the skin flaps. Bioresorbable sutures are put on the edges of the wound. The duration of surgery is 1 to 2 hours.
After intervention, the patient is transported to the ward, where she receives proper care. The analgesics are recommended to remove the pain. In order to prevent complications, the antibiotic therapy is prescribed. The patient is discharged on day 5 after the f follow-up examination by the surgeon and receipt of required recommendations.Hide
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