Mammalogy: Fibrocystic breast disease — Surgical treatment. Treatment
Mastitis treatment tactics is developed in each case individually, based on its variety. Upon nodular form, the patients are highly recommended to undergo a diagnostic puncture. Identification of a fibroadenoma or cancer cells in breast tissues becomes an indication for surgery.
There are 2 options of surgery:
- Sectoral resection. It implies removal of the tumor with a part of the breast.
- Radical mastectomy. The mammary gland is excised completely with subcutaneous fat.
The choice of the method is determined by the attending physician. Typically, the patients with a small size of the tumor are prescribed sectoral resection. The presence of multiple nodes requires a radical approach.
The surgery is performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon makes marking on the patient's chest, along which he makes sections. Next, the surgeon removes the abnormal structures, stops bleeding and stitches the subcutaneous tissue. The resulting skin defect is closed by repositioning of skin flaps. Then the wound edges are stitched. Depending on the scope of interference, the manipulation last for 1 to 2 hours.
After surgery, the patient is transported to the ward where she receives appropriate care from nurses. The removed tissue is sent for histological examination.
In the absence of complications, the patient is discharged on day 5 or 8. The patient is examined by a surgeon who provides recommendations for further treatment.Hide
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