Fibroma is a benign tumor growing out of the connective tissue of the skin cells, subcutaneous fat, muscles, tendons and other structures. It occurs at any age, including in infants immediately after birth. One of the most common locations is lateral triangles of the neck. The formations may take the form of limited nodules or invade the surrounding tissues (diffuse fibroids). The treatment implies removal of the tumor foci.
Fibroids of the skin neck can be eliminated using various sparing methods, which do not damage the surrounding healthy tissues and give a good cosmetic result. The following treatments are used:
- Laser destruction. The tumor is excised by the laser beam. The fibrin crust is formed at the site of the wound immediately, which is peeled on own after 7 to 10 days. The procedure is bloodless and eliminates the risk of infection.
- Radiowave excision. Fibroids are removed by a Radio Knife. The edges of the wound are simultaneously sterilized by the radio wave. The further tissue healing occurs without swelling and formation of rough scars.
- Electrocoagulation. Fibroid base is excised by an electric loop. A dry scab remains at the tumor site, which disappears after a few days. Due to an acupressure of electric current, the wound is healed almost without a trace.
All procedures are performed under local anesthesia in an outpatient setting. The surgery takes less than 15 minutes.
The limited subcutaneous fibroids are excised by a conventional surgery. The tumor is removed together with the capsule, after which the edges of the wound are sutured by cosmetic sutures. The surgery is performed under local anesthesia.
Diffuse fibroids are commonly located in the neck muscles or organs. These tumors are characterized by aggressive growth and, like the malignant ones, quickly invade the adjacent structures, so they shall be removed as early as possible. The surgery is performed in a clinic under general anesthesia. The formation is excised with a small portion of the surrounding healthy tissue. In order to eliminate the tumor remnants and prevent the relapse, the patient may be recommended a radiation therapy. Hide