Otolaryngology is a sphere of medicine that focuses on the ears, nose, and throat pathologies. Sometimes it is called head and neck surgery, as otorhinolaryngologists are also skilled at performing surgical interventions in this region. Otolaryngologists abroad take care of people with trauma or neural problems in the ears, nose, throat, vertigo, tinnitus, hearing loss, infections, breathing difficulties, cleft palate, other congenital disabilities, etc. Due to novel diagnostic tests and therapeutic techniques, physicians in the specialized ear, nose, and throat centers achieve excellent functional and aesthetic results.
- Treatment of hearing loss
- Treatment of head and neck tumors
- Treatment of congenital disabilities
- Leading hospitals and treatment prices
Otolaryngological diseases are treated with conservative measures, minimally invasive and endoscopic interventions, assistive devices, etc. The individual treatment scheme is elaborated after the initial examination.
You can contact the University Hospital of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Academic Hospital Augustinerinnen Cologne, or Helios Hospital Berlin-Buch. The full list of hospitals is available on the Booking Health website.
Undergoing treatment of otolaryngological diseases abroad with Booking Health is easy. The international medical tourism provider Booking Health will recommend a hospital, make an urgent appointment, fully arrange your travel to the hospital and back, translate your medical reports, help to receive a visa, provide you with an interpreter, and do much more.
Treatment of hearing loss
Treatment of hearing loss is a common cause of seeking medical help in the sphere of otolaryngology abroad. The options include the use of hearing aids and assistive listening devices, surgeries, and cochlear implants.
Hearing aids are indicated for people with mild to moderate hearing loss. They do not cure the patient’s acoustic apparatus but amplify the sounds so that the patient can recognize them. Assistive listening devices may be used in addition to hearing aids while listening to music, talking on the phone, watching TV, etc.
Cochlear implants are the next-line treatment option. They are used in patients with more severe hearing loss and absence of the desired effect from hearing aids. Cochlear implants fully substitute the function of the inner ear. Their placement is surgical intervention.
Other surgical options for the treatment of conductive hearing loss are:
- Insertion of pressure equalization tubes in patients with chronic infections of the inner ear (usually in children)
- Stapedectomy, which is a partial or total removal of the ossified stapes bone
Treatment of head and neck tumors
When treating head and neck tumors, otolaryngologists abroad use traditional medical lore and their own developments. The most widespread malignancies are:
- Tumors of the hypopharynx, nasopharynx, and oropharynx
- Tumors of the salivary gland
- Tumors of the paranasal sinus and nasal cavity
- Metastatic cancer of unknown primary
Patients with early-stage cancers are typically treated with radiation therapy or surgery. The choice of the first-line therapeutic option depends on the tumor's localization, size, and type. In most cases, surgery is endoscopic, and radiation therapy is local.
Patients with advanced cancers are treated with a combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Sometimes, radiation therapy or chemotherapy is started after surgical intervention. Treatment aims to eliminate malignant cells and achieve good functional and aesthetic results.
Treatment of congenital disabilities
The treatment of ENT diseases abroad also includes reconstructive surgeries for congenital anomalies, such as cleft deformities, tracheoesophageal fistula, and pinna anomalies. Depending on the clinical indications, an intervention may be carried out immediately or as the baby grows older.
Correction of cleft deformities requires the cooperation of otolaryngologists, oral surgeons, orthodontists, and dentists. The first procedure to repair the cleft palate is carried out when the baby is 6-12 months old. It creates a functional palate, facilitating normal feeding and reducing the risks of concomitant deformation of facial bones and teeth. Additional surgeries are often required during the active growth, and final ones are made when all the facial structures are fully developed.
The tracheoesophageal fistula can be closed in the first days of a child’s life. In specialized healthcare facilities, the procedure is minimally invasive, and it excludes any risk of recurrence. The part of the intervention on the trachea is carried out with bronchoscopy guidance. If a child also has esophageal atresia, esophagus parts are connected during the same intervention.
Leading hospitals and treatment prices
Although there are Departments of Otolaryngology in almost all large hospitals, some healthcare facilities are well-known among ENT patients worldwide. The leading of them are:
- University Hospital of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
- Academic Hospital Augustinerinnen Cologne
- Helios Hospital Berlin-Buch
- University Hospital Ulm
- University Hospital Frankfurt-am-Main
It is also worth visiting specialized centers that focus on the treatment of a specific pathology, e.g., the Center for Hearing Loss Help, Tinnitus Research Center, or Cancer Center.
The price for the treatment of ENT pathology depends on the diagnosis, age of the patient, need for hospital admission and its duration, level of the hospital, and other factors. For instance, the cost of the conservative treatment for tinnitus in University Hospital Würzburg is 3,100 EUR, while in Charite University Hospital Berlin, it is 4,500 EUR. You can find more prices for ENT diagnostics and treatment on the Booking Health website.
The article was edited by medical experts, board-certified doctors Dr. Nadezhda Ivanisova and Dr. Sergey Pashchenko. For the treatment of the conditions referred to in the article, you must consult a doctor; the information in the article is not intended for self-medication!
WHO - World Health Organization