If you were diagnosed with laryngeal cancer, the first thing you need to remember is that it is curable. The moment you notice symptoms of this disease, book an appointment with your doctor. Laryngeal cancer is a tumor, which primarily forms in larynx tissues. In most case men from 40 to 70 years old get laryngeal cancer; only 8 of 100 women can get laryngeal cancer.
According to researchers from Sanford Health and Chronix Biomedical whose article was published in News Medical (medical journal) they detected exact mutations and chromosomes that can trigger laryngeal cancer. It turns out that certain viruses are responsible for developing laryngeal cancer. This type of cancer can also be triggered by a number of larynx diseases, which are called precancerous. Sometimes even a sore throat, that disturbed the patient for a long time, can result in growth of cancerous cells.
Symptoms of laryngeal cancer depend on the location of neoplastic cells. First laryngeal cancer symptoms are the changes in the voice tone. The person`s voice becomes rough and hoarse. Hoarseness is often percepted as a simple cold.
As the hoarseness becomes more and more severe, the patient gradually can speak only in whisper. Also the shortness of breath develops. In more advanced stages, the patient experiences pain while swallowing.
Other symptoms of laryngeal cancer are:
More progressed signs of laryngeal cancer include:
There are different laryngeal cancer treatment options. Main options include radiation, laser resection and larynx resection with tracheostoma placement.
Radiation therapy uses high X-ray or other radiation to destroy neoplastic cells.
External radiation therapy uses radioactive rays, directed at laryngeal tumor. Internal radiation therapy transmits radioactive substances through needles, tubes or catheters. Choice of method depends on radiation therapy type and laryngeal cancer staging.
Larynx resection with tracheostoma placement is an innovative type of surgery, which removes larynx and places tracheostoma in its place.
Doctors can also perform surgical removal of half of the larynx. In this case it is still possible to preserve the voice. The patient's speech can also be saved. In some cases patients need to undergo surgical removal of the entire larynx. This procedure is called a tracheotomy. The voice can rarely be saved.
Laser surgery: laser makes bloodless incisions that can remove the tissue located inside the patient`s body.
Even if the doctor removes the tumor, some patients still need to undergo postoperative therapy that includes regular check-ups at the doctor`s office.
This treatment uses cytotoxic drugs that can slow the malignant tumor growth. The drugs destroy circulating tumor cells throughout the body (systemic chemotherapy). If the chemotherapy is administered directly into the spinal canal, this kind of treatment is called regional chemotherapy.
Giving up smoking dramatically reduces the risk. It also decreases the risk of lung cancer. Non-alcohol policy also reduces the risk.
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