Laryngeal cancer is a tumor, during which malignant (neoplastic) cells form in the larynx tissues. Laryngeal cancer affects in most cases men aged from 40 to 70 years: out of 100 men only 8 women get the laryngeal cancer .
What triggers the laryngeal disease:
The laryngeal cancer is caused by the number of the larynx diseases, which are named precancerous. In certain cases harmless sore throat leads to neoplastic cells.
Symptoms of laryngeal cancer depend on the location of neoplastic cells. First laryngeal cancer symptoms are the changes in the voice tone. The person`s voice becomes rough and hoarse. Hoarseness is often percepted as a simple cold.
As the hoarseness becomes more and more severe, the patient gradually only whisper. In more advanced stages, the patient experiences pain while swallowing.
Other symptoms of laryngeal cancer are:
Some more signs of laryngeal cancer include:
external inspection, condition of the skin, the shape of the neck;
palpation of the neck - the mobility of the larynx, lymph node status.
Indirect laryngoscopy - a method of research of the larynx using a special mirror to detect pathology.
For closer inspection the doctors usually use the indirect laryngoscopy, which can be held right in the hospital on the day of usual examination. The technique is considered obsolete because of the fact that the specialist can not fully explore the larynx, 30 - 35% of cases can not be detected.
Indirect laryngoscopy can determine:
There are different laryngeal cancer treatment options.
Radiation therapy uses high X-ray or other radiation to destroy neoplastic cells.
External radiation therapy uses radioactive rays, directed at the laryngeal tumor. Internal radiation therapy transmits radioactive substances through needles, tubes or catheters. The choice of method depends on the radiation therapy type and laryngeal cancer staging.
Operation is the main treatment option for the larynx cancer. There are the following types of surgical interventions:
Surgical removal of half of the larynx. It is still possible to save voice. The patient's speech may also still be saved.
Total laryngectomy: surgical removal of the entire larynx. This procedure is called a tracheotomy. The voice can rarely be saved.
Laser surgery: laser makes bloodless incisions, that can remove the tissue, located inside the patient`s body.
Even if the doctor removes the tumor, some patients still need to undergo postoperative therapy, that includes regular check-ups at the doctor.
This treatment uses cytotoxic drugs that can slow the malignant tumor growth. The drugs destroy circulating tumor cells throughout the body (systemic chemotherapy). If the chemotherapy is administered directly into the spinal canal, this kind of treatment is called regional chemotherapy.
Giving up smoking dramatically reduces the risk. it also decreases the risk of lung cancer. Non-alcohol police also reduces the risk. Advice on nutrition for patients with laryngeal cancer:
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