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Tennis Elbow (lateral Epicondylitis) — Surgery treatment in the Best Hospitals of Germany

ATOS Clinic Munich

9.5/10
location_onGermany, Munich

Department of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery

The Department of Orthopedics, Orthopedic Surgery, Spinal Surgery and Sports Traumatology offers the full range of medical services in these focuses. The competent team of the department provides high-quality diagnostics and treatment of foot, ankle, elbow, shoulder, knee and hip diseases. Also, the department specializes in the treatment of spinal diseases and sports traumatology.

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Vitos Orthopedic Clinic Kassel

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Kassel

Department of Adult and Pediatric General Orthopedics, Trauma Surgery

The Department of Adult and Pediatric General Orthopedics, Trauma Surgery offers the full range of diagnostics and treatment of musculoskeletal pathologies. The specialization covers joint replacement surgery, foot and hand surgery, shoulder surgery, treatment of rheumatic joint lesions, treatment of injuries, sports orthopedics, treatment of orthopedic problems in children and adolescents, as well as pain therapy. The key to successful clinical practice is the highest professionalism and unique experience of the department's medical team combined with the very latest infrastructure and advanced equipment.

University Hospital Heidelberg

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Heidelberg

Department of Adult and Pediatric Orthopedics, Traumatology

According to the Focus magazine, the Department of Adult and Pediatric Orthopedics, Traumatology ranks among the top German departments specializing in endoprosthetic joint replacement! The department offers the full range of services in the field of diagnostics and treatment of all diseases of the musculoskeletal system. In addition to surgical treatment, a number of effective conservative treatments are available in the department, for example, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, therapeutic exercise. The highly qualified doctors who have a rich experience and outstanding treatment results take care of the patients' health. 

Charite University Hospital Berlin

9/10
location_onGermany, Berlin

Department of Adult and Pediatric Orthopedics, Traumatology

According to the Focus magazine, the Department of Adult and Pediatric Orthopedics, Traumatology ranks among the top German medical facilities in the field of its specialization! It offers the full range of conservative and surgical treatment of musculoskeletal diseases. The department's priorities include knee and hip surgery, including endoprosthetics, spinal surgery, shoulder and elbow surgery, surgical oncology of the musculoskeletal system and the treatment of injuries of varying severity. With an annual number of more than 8,000 inpatients, the department has the status of one of the largest and most reputable in the field of its competence.

University Hospital Würzburg

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Würzburg

Department of Traumatology, Hand Surgery, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

The Department of Traumatology, Hand Surgery, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery covers the whole range of services in these focuses. The department specializes in joint replacement, treatment of tumors of the musculoskeletal system, endoscopic treatment methods for spinal injuries, arthroscopic treatment of joints, etc. The department is also a recognized Center for Sports Orthopedics.

University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden

9.1/10
location_onGermany, Dresden

Department of Adult and Pediatric Orthopedics, Trauma Surgery, Foot Surgery

The Department of Adult and Pediatric Orthopedics, Trauma Surgery, Foot Surgery offers the full range of diagnostics, conservative and surgical treatment of musculoskeletal diseases and injuries. The department is a certified Endoprosthetics Center – more than 1,000 primary joint replacement surgeries are performed here annually. The surgeons of the Endoprosthetics Center also specialize in particularly complex clinical cases and revision procedures for the replacement of previously implanted artificial joints. In addition, the department has the status of the interregional Trauma Center certified in accordance with the standards of the German Trauma Society. The department has also been awarded a Certificate of Excellence from the German Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (DAF) in the field of foot surgery. A separate area of ​​clinical activity is the treatment of diseases, injuries and congenital malformations of the musculoskeletal system in children. Depending on the severity of the clinical case, both conservative and surgical techniques are used in the treatment of orthopedic pathologies in children. The department's medical team prefers sparing low-traumatic surgery, while open operations are performed only if other therapeutic options are ineffective.

University Hospital Muenster

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Muenster

Department of General Orthopedics and Orthopedic Oncology

The Department of General Orthopedics and Orthopedic Oncology offers the full range of conservative and surgical treatment of all musculoskeletal diseases. The department ranks among the largest medical facilities of this kind in Germany, as well as among the specialized authoritative departments for the treatment of bone and soft tissue tumors in the European medical arena. The treatment is carried out both on an outpatient and inpatient basis, including the outpatient operations. In addition to its successful clinical activities, the department is proud of its productive research work, which has given birth to many innovations in orthopedics, for example, the department's specialists have patented the very latest prosthetic systems, particularly in the field of orthopedic oncology.

University Hospital Marburg UKGM

8.6/10
location_onGermany, Marburg

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology

According to the Focus magazine, the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology ranks among the top German medical facilities specializing in the treatment of injuries of any severity! The department offers the full range of diagnostic and therapeutic services to patients with diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system. The department has been certified by the German Society of Traumatology as a supra-regional Trauma Center. In addition, the medical institution is a certified Center for Gerontological Traumatology, the Center for Arthroscopy and Joint Surgery.

University Hospital Giessen UKGM

9.5/10
location_onGermany, Giessen

Department of Adult and Pediatric Orthopedics, Orthopedic Surgery

The Department of Adult and Pediatric Orthopedics, Orthopedic Surgery offers all the diagnostic and therapeutic options for patients with musculoskeletal diseases. The main clinical tasks of the department include arthroscopic surgery, endoprosthetics, foot surgery, orthopedic rheumatology, sports orthopedics, orthopedic oncology, septic surgery, spinal surgery. The department’s specialists also have excellent qualifications and rich experience in the treatment of children with diseases of the orthopedic spectrum. The doctors of the department have at their disposal all modern conservative and surgical treatments that have proven their effectiveness at the international level.

University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Hamburg

Department of Adult and Pediatric Orthopedics

The Department of Adult and Pediatric Orthopedics offers the full range of accurate diagnostics and effective treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system in patients of all age groups. The clinical focuses of the department's specialists include the treatment of diseases of the joints, spine, hand, foot, bone and soft tissue tumors, bone tissue and joint infections, orthopedic pathologies in children, and orthopedic rheumatology. The therapeutic options include both conservative and surgical therapy.

University Hospital Saarland Homburg

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Homburg

Department of Adult and Pediatric Orthopedics, Orthopedic Surgery, Foot Surgery

The Department of Adult and Pediatric Orthopedics, Orthopedic Surgery, Foot Surgery offers the full range of services in the areas of its specialization. The department carries out comprehensive diagnostic examinations of the musculoskeletal system as well as effective conservative and surgical treatment of pathologies of the joints, tendons, muscles, and bones. The department's team of doctors is always trying to solve the problem with the musculoskeletal system using conservative methods such as drug therapy, intra-articular injections, therapeutic exercises, physiotherapy, and massage. The department also has a pool for swimming and therapeutic exercises in the water, a well-equipped gym, and electrotherapy rooms. In complex clinical cases, doctors resort to surgical interventions, but almost all of them are performed with low-traumatic techniques, which allow a patient to restore mobility as soon as possible. One of the most important focuses of work in the surgical field is knee, hip, and shoulder replacement surgery. The department has passed the endoCert certification that is awarded to the best orthopedic medical facilities only. The specialists also have a perfect command of arthroscopic techniques for treating joints.

University Hospital Erlangen

9.1/10
location_onGermany, Erlangen

Department of Adult and Pediatric Trauma Surgery, Orthopedic Surgery

The Department of Adult and Pediatric Trauma Surgery, Orthopedic Surgery offers the full range of surgical and conservative treatment methods for musculoskeletal diseases and injuries. The department is a supraregional Trauma Center in Central Franconia. About 250 seriously injured patients receive medical care here every year. The department's specialists also annually admit more than 3,500 patients for inpatient treatment and provide outpatient care for about 25,000 patients. The department is recognized as one of the 10 largest and leading medical facilities specializing in the treatment of polytrauma in Germany. Its specialization also includes highly qualified medical care for patients with sports injuries. In addition, the department provides treatment for bone fractures, spinal fractures and polytrauma in children. The department successfully performs knee, hip, shoulder and elbow replacement surgery, including revision interventions to replace previously implanted prostheses. The surgeons of the medical facility have a perfect command of arthroscopic techniques and use them in the treatment of musculoskeletal diseases. The department is distinguished by its successful experience in spinal surgery (in cooperation with neurosurgeons) and interventions on the pelvic bones, as well as in septic surgery.

University Orthopedic Hospital Hannover-Annastift MHH

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Hannover

Department of Shoulder and Knee Surgery, Sports Orthopedics

The Department of Shoulder and Knee Surgery, Sports Orthopedics offers the full range of services in this fields. It uses the most modern treatments, high-quality endoprostheses of famous world manufacturers, which, in combination with the rich clinical experience and professionalism of doctors guarantees the optimal result. In addition, the department treats sports injuries of varying severity.

University Hospital Oldenburg

10/10
location_onGermany, Oldenburg

Department of Adult and Pediatric Orthopedics, Trauma Surgery

The Department of Adult and Pediatric Orthopedics, Trauma Surgery offers the full range of services in these medical fields. The department performs more than 2,500 planned and emergency surgeries. The department specializes in joint replacement surgery, arthroscopy, spinal surgery, treatment of cancerous bone and joint lesions, foot surgery, treatment of musculoskeletal and sports injuries. More than 25% of all operations are performed on an outpatient basis, which allows the patient to return home immediately after surgery.

Hospital Bogenhausen Munich

7.8/10
location_onGermany, Munich

Department of Adult and Pediatric Orthopedics, Traumatology, Sports Medicine

The Department of Adult and Pediatric Orthopedics, Traumatology, Sports Medicine provides the full range of diagnostic and therapeutic services for the patients with musculoskeletal injuries and diseases, including sports injuries. The department provides treatment to both adults and children. In the field of pediatric orthopedics, the focus is on the treatment of hip dysplasia, clubfoot correction, as well as on the treatment of fractures and other injuries in children. The department is distinguished by its exceptional experience in the field of knee, hip and shoulder replacement surgery. In addition, the department provides effective treatment for shoulder, elbow and ankle diseases, performs surgery for the treatment of spinal diseases and interventions for the correction of foot deformities. The department is certified as the Trauma Center by the German Trauma Society (DGU). The department's doctors annually admit more than 4,500 inpatients. The main goal of all the employees of the medical facility is to eliminate pain and movement disorders, which worsen the patient's quality of life.

Marien Hospital Duesseldorf

9.5/10
location_onGermany, Duesseldorf

Department of Traumatology, Hand and Foot Surgery

The Department of Traumatology, Hand and Foot Surgery offers comprehensive diagnostics of the musculoskeletal system, as well as conservative and surgical treatment of bone fractures and lesions of the large joints. The department also provides medical care to patients with various diseases and malformations of the hand and foot. Of particular interest to the department's medical team is the treatment of bone fractures, as well as hip, knee and shoulder arthroplasty. The specialists of the medical facility also have successful experience in performing arthroscopic interventions on the large joints. Surgical treatment takes place in high-tech operating rooms with equipment for performing modern minimally invasive interventions that contribute to the patient's speedy recovery and his return to normal life. The treatment regimen is developed on an individual basis and conservative treatment options are considered first. If the patient still requires surgery, the most sparing type of intervention is selected.

Lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow) is the most common cause of chronic elbow pain. This disease develops due to prolonged microtrauma of the site of attachment of the flexor tendons of the hand to the lateral epicondyle of the humerus. In Germany, you can get rid of chronic elbow pain once and for all in order to return to physical labor or sports. Doctors in this country perform not only classical open, but also minimally invasive arthroscopic interventions. They provide the best results with quick recovery of patients and low risk of complications.

Content

  1. What is epicondylitis, and how is it treated
  2. Principles of surgical treatment
  3. Open surgery
  4. Nerve surgery
  5. Tendon and bone surgery
  6. Percutaneous surgery
  7. Arthroscopic surgery
  8. Why is it worth undergoing surgical treatment in Germany

What is epicondylitis, and how is it treated

 

The elbow joint is located between the humerus on one side and the radius and ulna on the other side. The articular surface from the side of the shoulder has two condyles: lateral and medial. These are the protruding parts of the bone. The tendons of the muscles responsible for the movements of the hand are woven into them.

With lateral elbow epicondylitis, the side of the joint constantly hurts due to the inflammation of the place where the tendons attach to the bone. In 80% of cases, this is the lateral epicondyle; in 20% of cases, the medial one. The disease develops due to chronic microtrauma. Muscle traction acts on the tendon where it attaches to the bone, causing injury, inflammation, and degenerative changes over time.

The disease was first described at the end of the 19th century. It was called tennis elbow. The reason was that the pathology was first detected in people who play tennis. Any other racket sports also cause this condition. Moreover: 95% of cases of the disease are not associated with tennis or any other sport. Chronic elbow pain occurs due to physical labor.

Epicondylitis is usually treated with conservative methods. Doctors use restrictive bandages, painkillers, physical therapy, injections of glucocorticoids, anesthetics, and platelet-rich plasma. If there is no result, surgery is then performed.

Principles of surgical treatment

 

Surgical treatment of lateral epicondylitis is not considered the main option for dealing with this disease. The surgery is performed only in those cases when it is not possible to obtain a result from conservative therapy for six months or more.

There are about one and a half dozen options for elbow surgery performed for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis. These include:

  • simple release (alleviation);
  • reconstruction of the common extensor tendon;
  • separation of the deep fascia covering the common extensor tendon;
  • arthroscopic release.

All surgical interventions for the treatment of lateral epicondylitis are divided into:

  • open;
  • percutaneous;
  • arthroscopic.

Any treatment aims to remove pathologically altered tissues, weaken the tendon due to partial removal (release), and reduce muscle traction. Sometimes bone decortication can be performed as well. The doctor removes the top layer of the lateral epicondyle. Not all doctors agree with this approach. So far, there is no convincing evidence that additional bone decortication improves treatment outcomes compared with tendon release alone. However, this element of the surgical intervention causes additional trauma to the patient and intensifies pain in the early postoperative period. The range of motion in the elbow decreases, making early rehabilitation more complex.

Successful surgery ensures long-term outcomes. Patients get rid of chronic elbow pain and can return to physical labor or sports training. Up to 75% of all treated patients consider themselves completely healthy, the rest may have some symptoms, but they are significantly relieved after the surgical intervention. Comprehensive rehabilitation after surgery ensures total restoration of elbow function and the possibility of a quick return to normal life.

Open surgery

 

Under visual guidance, open surgical interventions are performed through an incision a few centimeters long. The doctor performs:

  • resection of the epicondyle;
  • resection of the circular ligament and synovial membrane;
  • release of the short radial extensor of the wrist and the common extensor of the fingers;
  • elongation of the distal tendon;
  • denervation (nerve crossing);
  • decompression (elimination of compression) of the radial nerve.

Open surgery for the treatment of tennis elbow has been performed since the first half of the 20th century. However, they may not always provide good long-term outcomes. Since the tissues in the elbow area are significantly damaged, scars and adhesions form on this site. They can be a focus of pain in the future.

The surgical interventions are performed on:

  • connective tissue structures;
  • nerves.

Nerve surgery

 

The interventions on connective tissue structures are the most widespread, while nerve denervation and decompression give only short-term improvement. However, some hospitals perform nerve surgery. The most common surgery options are:

  • posterior interosseous nerve neurolysis;
  • Epicondyle denervation by crossing the branches of the posterior cutaneous nerve of the forearm at the level of the elbow joint.

The main advantage of these surgical procedures is a short rehabilitation with good short-term results. After 5-7 days, the patient can return to normal life. Nerve surgery is suitable for those who do not plan to engage in physical labor or sports after treatment. Upon return to work, the risk of epicondylitis recurrence reaches 30% within six months.

Tendon and bone surgery

 

The Hohmann procedure, which the author described back in 1926, has become widespread in the West. At the German Congress of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery in Cologne, a German orthopedic surgeon presented the results of the treatment of four patients with chronic lateral epicondylitis who did not benefit from conservative therapy. In 1930, the author presented the results of 12 more operations, 11 of which were successful. This surgical intervention is still performed today, although in a modified version. It is performed through an incision 3 cm long. The doctor makes notches on the tendons near the bone. The joint is not opened, and the vessels and nerves are not damaged.

The Nirschl technique proposed in 1977 is used as well. It is most often performed in the modification of Morrey (2002) and the modifications of other authors. Doctors perform tendon release and debridement (polishing) of their attachment site. The modified version also involves osteoperforation (creating a hole) of the lateral epicondyle. In this case, stem cells enter the elbow joint, blood supply improves, and tissue healing accelerates.

After open surgery for tendon transection, about 60% of patients experience pain relief within six weeks, about 76% of patients – within one year, and about 91% of treated patients – within five years. However, open surgical interventions may cause other symptoms in addition to pain, such as loss of sensation in the elbow or joint stiffness. Approximately 1 in 3 patients who undergo open elbow surgery still have pain or other symptoms five years after completing treatment. About 80-85% of patients can return to sports and physical labor.

Percutaneous surgery

 

Percutaneous (minimally invasive open) techniques have been used since the 20th century. Percutaneous tendon release was first described in 1982. The percutaneous intervention was performed in 1995 on an outpatient basis (without hospitalization). The procedure was performed under local anesthesia.

As of today, the techniques are being improved. In 90% of cases, percutaneous techniques allow for achieving good and excellent results.

The percutaneous treatment method involves the performance of manipulations blindly or under the guidance of medical imaging techniques. Large incisions are not made, and the endoscope is not inserted into the elbow joint, so the doctor cannot see the surgical field directly. However, these surgical interventions are safe with sufficient surgeon experience and qualifications. They provide good outcomes with a minimal trauma rate. Most often, the surgeon excises pathologically altered tissues in the area of ​​the extensor tendon during the percutaneous intervention. In addition, the doctor may make a hole in the bone tissue of the lateral epicondyle to allow stem cells to release from the humerus and improve tissue regeneration.

Arthroscopic surgery

 

Arthroscopic surgical interventions have become widespread in the 21st century. This is a sparing technique for the surgical treatment of tennis elbow. It is performed using an arthroscope with a diameter of 2.4-3 mm, through skin punctures. The technique provides the possibility of quick and safe resection of the tendon of the base of the extensor carpi radialis brevis in 100% of cases and the base of the common extensor of the fingers – in 90% of cases.

Anatomical studies have helped surgeons identify key anatomical marks and detect the area of insertion of the tendon of the extensor carpi radialis brevis. This ensured the safety of the arthroscopic technique.

The advantages of the technique are as follows:

  • the possibility of removing excess tendon tissue without dividing the aponeurosis of the common extensor;
  • the doctor can see the joint cavity;
  • it is possible to detect and eliminate concomitant intra-articular pathology;
  • the minimum period of postoperative rehabilitation.

Basically, the intervention is performed on the extensors of the hand. Doctors perform arthroscopic resection of the histologically altered tissue of the extensor carpi radialis brevis in combination with decortication of the affected lateral epicondyle of the humerus. Less commonly, debridement (surgical treatment) of the lateral joint capsule with surrounding tissues is performed.

Arthroscopic surgery provides good long-term outcomes. According to C.L. Baker, about 87% of those who underwent surgery were still satisfied with the results of the operation 11 years after it was performed. Other studies have shown that surgical intervention results do not depend on the person's age, the duration of the disease, or the presence of concomitant pathology of the operated joint. However, symptoms return more often in people who continue to engage in physical labor or sports.

The percentage of successful operations varies in different hospitals. The risk of unsuccessful arthroscopic treatment is 5 to 11%. Arthroscopy is more effective than open surgery in some data, while other studies show similar results. In any case, arthroscopy is at least as effective as open surgery. This procedure is more sparing: some patients return to work within 2-4 weeks after its performance. Unlike open surgery, elbow instability never develops after arthroscopy.

Why is it worth undergoing surgical treatment in Germany

 

To permanently get rid of elbow pain and return to work or sports, you can undergo elbow lateral epicondylitis treatment in Germany. This country has the necessary equipment to perform new types of operations. The hospitals in this country employ experienced surgeons who have honed their skills for years.

There are a few reasons for you to undergo treatment in Germany:

  • high-precision diagnostics allows the doctors to find out the cause of elbow pain to choose the best treatment option for the patient;
  • the use of innovative operations, many of which are developed by German specialists;
  • minimally invasive interventions are performed through skin punctures a few millimeters long;
  • preference is given to more sparing interventions without damaging the bone tissue;
  • doctors perform surgical interventions that are aimed at the total cure of the disease, but not a short-term pain relief;
  • after surgery in Germany, you will be able to return to your everyday life in 2-4 weeks without elbow pain;
  • reliable results: the risk of recurrence will be minimal even if you return to physical labor or sports.

To undergo treatment for epicondylitis (tennis elbow) in Germany, please use the Booking Health service. On our website, you have the opportunity to get up-to-date and accurate information about the cost of treatment in Germany, compare prices in different German hospitals and book a medical care program at a favorable price. The treatment will be easier and faster for you, and the cost of treatment in Germany will be lower.

You are welcome to leave your request on the Booking Health website. Our employee will contact you, consult, and answer all questions. We will take care of the organization of your trip abroad. We will provide the following benefits for you:

  • We will select the best German hospital whose doctors specialize in the treatment of lateral epicondylitis and achieve the best results.
  • We will help you overcome the language barrier and establish communication with the doctor in the German hospital.
  • We will reduce the waiting period for treatment, and you will receive medical care on the most suitable dates.
  • We will reduce the price. The cost of treatment in Germany will be lower than usual due to the lack of overpricing and coefficients for foreign patients.
  • Our specialists will solve any organizational issues: paperwork, transfer from the airport to the German hospital and back, hotel booking, and interpreting services.
  • We will prepare your documents and translate them into English or German. You do not have to undergo previously performed diagnostic procedures.
  • We will keep in contact with the German hospital after the completion of treatment.
  • We will organize additional diagnostics and treatment, if necessary.
  • We will buy medicines in another country and forward them to your native country.

While the best specialists in the world take care of your health, the Booking Health staff will help reduce the cost of treatment in Germany and take care of all your travel arrangements.

 

Authors: 

The article was edited by medical experts, board certified doctors Dr. Vadim Zhiliuk and Dr. Sergey Pashchenko. For the treatment of the conditions referred to in the article, you must consult a doctor; the information in the article is not intended for self-medication!

 

Sources:

Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research

Articles for Orthopaedic Practice - Orthogate

Johns Hopkins Medicine




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