Thyroid gland lymphomas are characterized by an aggressive course. Rapidly increasing in size, the tumor significantly impairs the quality of the patients’ life. Over time, the process involves cervical lymph nodes and chest organs. To prevent the development of complications, the physicians suggest getting rid of the problem surgically at early stages of the disease.
The treatment is preceded by the oncologist’s advice. The physician clarifies complaints, examines the affected organ and reviews the case history. The following further tests are prescribed:
- CT/MRI/ultrasound of the thyroid gland,
- Complex laboratory tests (to determine blood group, complete blood count, and so)
- echocardiography (ECG)
- chest X-ray.
The studies give a general idea about the state of the patient’s health and allow assessing the degree of its readiness for surgery.
The intervention is performed under general anesthesia. Usually, the gland is removed completely (total thyroidectomy), to minimize the risk of recurrence in the future. The affected cervical lymph nodes are also excised, if required. Tumor tissue is sent to laboratory for cytological, histological and immunophenotypic studies.
After surgery, the patient is transferred to the general ward (or to the intensive care unit, if required). Throughout the recovery period, the patient receives the required assistance by the nursing staff of the clinic. When the risk of complications is high, the blood transfusion is carried out
The effectiveness of surgical treatment is assessed by follow-up surveys. Physiotherapy is prescribed as a rehabilitation measure.
When the patient feels good, s/he is discharged after 16 days. On the eve of discharge, the patient talks to the oncologist, who provides recommendations for further treatment. Hide