About the disease
Heart diseases reduce a person’s quality of life quite dramatically depriving him/her of the opportunity to boldly implement some plans and be active in all doings. Dilated and ischemic cardiomyopathy requires significant adjustments in the daily lifestyles of patients, whose heart cannot pump blood in sufficient amounts, not coping with important functions. The hindrance is ischemic disease, due to which blood vessels become narrowed. A proper supply of oxygen to the heart is impossible. Patients are therefore highly susceptible to encounter heart failure.
The condition is caused by ischemic disease associated with the accumulation of solid formations impeding blood circulation. The heart cannot get enough oxygen through the blocked arteries and this causes a serious dysfunction of the arteries. This condition leads to attacks of varying intensity and severity, which can have deadly consequences. Ischemic cardiomyopathy is considered one of the most common causes leading to heart failure. The disease affects mostly middle-aged and elderly people.
The most common symptoms of ischemic cardiomyopathy are similar to other heart conditions. Patients often consider them to be a manifestation of angina pectoris or heart attack. In some cases, patients do not feel any symptoms. The symptoms tend to develop rather slowly, but still pose a serious threat to the patient’s life. The disease manifests itself with the following symptoms:
- Persistent cough
- Rapid fatigue
- Increased or slowed heart rate
- Poor appetite or loss of appetite
- Shortness of breath caused by the slightest activity
- Swelling in the ankle
- Development of the tumour in the abdomen
Ischemic cardiomyopathy can be diagnosed by various methods. To perform echocardiography, heart MRI, specialists use state-of-the-art equipment. In some situations,the patient is prescribed a biopsy to rule out the possibility of other diseases.
- The treatment of this condition involves a choice of the most optimal method to manage the disease, following by a prescription of effective cardiac medications. A pacemaker is used to treat slow cardiac rhythm. Defibrillator placement stops abnormal cardiac rhythms. Depending on the stage of disease, a single-chamber cardioverter-defibrillator and dual-chamber defibrillator can be used.
- Catheterization serves to determine, if a bypass surgery is needed. All these efforts are made to increase blood flow to the weakened and damaged muscle. In special cases, a heart transplant may be required, if symptoms have not been managed by other methods.
- Angioplasty is used simultaneously with stenting. It ensures a necessary level of expansion. This approach does not require a conventional cut of tissues.
- Coronary artery bypass surgery is performed for multiple narrowing arteries. Through the monitoring and normalization of heart rhythm it is possible to achieve stable results during the implantation. Thus, death can be avoided. The death can be caused by infarction due to necrosis of separate areas. In acute heart failure, cardiogenic shock can develop.