Hip osteoarthritis is a progressive, chronic disease, which attacks and destroys the hyaline cartilage of the hip joint. This disease can be developing statically for many years. At the beginning of osteoarthritis of the hip a person may experience mild pain and some difficulty when walking. If the hip osteoarthritis is not treated in time, it can lead to a surgical procedure of a joint replacement. This replacement may be needed if the hip joint is severely deformed and immobilized. In other cases the patient does not need the operation, the osteoarthritis of the hip can be cured by the conservative treatment, begun in the early stages.
Usually people over 60 years are diagnosed with the osteoarthritis of the hip. The reason for that are the changes of cartilage, that usually loses its elastic mobility with age. If there is no other pathology, the hip osteoarthritis rarely becomes too severe. Sometimes young people can also have hip osteoarthritis. It happens because of the following four reasons:
The symptoms of osteoarthritis in hip and treatment of this disease during its different stages.
The symptoms of osteoarthritis in hip during the first stage are:
The rheumatologist or orthopedist can diagnose the patient with the osteoarthritis of the hip during the simple X-Ray of the hip.
The treatment of hip osteoarthritis, started at this stage, can completely eliminate the symptoms of this disease.
Treatment of hip osteoarthritis involves:
Physiotherapy. During the physiotherapy the doctor strengthens the muscles around the affected area, stretches the ligament and normalizes the motion of the person. He also restores the cartilage, removes the spasms and pain, using in some cases the massage and hirudotherapy(treatment with leeches) can also be used as a hip osteoarthritis treatment. The saliva of leeches improves the blood circulation and renegates some cells.
The patients at this stage are also prescribed with the diet, which includes the whole removal of salt from the nutrition and increasing the amount of water that patient drinks every day. Rarely the doctor can also reduce the calories intake, if the patient suffers from obesity.
One of the most important procedures during the treatment is the physical exercise, which should be practiced on a daily basis. The duration of training at the beginning of the course is 15-20 minutes and it gradually increases to 40-45 minutes a day.
The symptoms of osteoarthritis of the hip during the second stage are:
Treatment during the second degree applies the same methods as during the first stage, but some specific drugs are added to the treatment plan. These medicaments are used to remove the inflammation. Sometimes the injections are used as an option for osteoarthritis treatment.
During the third stage of hip osteoarthritis the patient experiences such hip osteoarthritis symptoms:
During the third stage the doctors can replace the affected joint with a metal prosthesis. Conservative therapy is used only to relieve the pain and prepare he patient for the operation. After the operation patient can lead the same lifestyle as before except that he can not play sports professionally or do hard labor.
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