Cancer:
Retinoblastoma

Retinoblastoma is an intraocular malignant tumor occurring mainly in young children. In 75% patients, the disease is bilateral. Evolving from retinal cells, the tumor grows gradually into the vitreous body and orbit tissue. In severe cases, it invades the brain. Both conservative and surgical techniques are used to combat this pathology.

Treatment Stages

In the initial stages of the process, the sparing options for tumor removal are prescribed, which allow preserving the patient's vision. These include:

  • Cryosurgery. This implies the retinoblastoma destruction by low temperature.
  • Photocoagulation. Cancerous cell destruction by laser.
  • Thermotherapy. The tumor is destroyed by ultrasound, infrared radiation, or microwave therapy.

All interventions are performed under general anesthesia. The method selection depends on retinoblastoma location. After the procedure, the child is subject to ongoing follow-up by the oncologist. In the event of relapse, the exposure is repeated.

At stage 2 or 3 of the disease, a combined treatment is prescribed. First the chemotherapy is conducted, which allows reducing the tumor size. Then the photocoagulation or cryotherapy is prescribed.

In European clinics, the local types of chemotherapy are preferred, which imply the injection of cytotoxic agents right into the eye tissue or their arterial supply. This approach helps to avoid the adverse influence on the child’s body.

Radiotherapy also shows a good outcome when combating the disease. Upon unilateral lesions, the radiation source is fixed to the eye surface (brachytherapy). If the tumor is bilateral with multiple foci, the remote manipulation is used. In this case, all eye tissue involved in the tumor process are irradiated.

For massive lesions and development of metastases, a surgical intervention is indicated, during which the eyeball and sometimes the orbit tissue is removed. Subsequently, a spherical prosthesis is installed in the place of the removed organ.

If both eyes of the patient are affected, only one of them is removed and the second is exposed to irradiation. Treatment is complemented with systemic chemotherapy, which prevents the relapse. Prescription of several cytostatic drugs with different mechanisms of action is the most efficient.

 

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University Hospital Bonn

8.6/10 from 150 Votes

Chemotherapy of retinoblastoma (1 course)

The key objective of the Department of Internal Medicine III is to create and offer optimal treatments for internal diseases on inpatient, partially inpatient and outpatient basis.


Duration 5 days
Type of Treatment: Outpatient
location_onCountry: Germany
location_searchingCity: Bonn

Price 5570.00

University Hospital Cologne

8.7/10 from 82 Votes

Chemotherapy of retinoblastoma (1 course)

The Department I for Internal Medicine of the University Hospital Cologne deals with the treatment of patients with various internal diseases. This includes in particular the following fields: Oncology, Hematology, Clinical infectology, Clinical immunology, Hemostasis, Intensive care.


Duration 5 days
Type of Treatment: Outpatient
location_onCountry: Germany
location_searchingCity: Cologne

Price 5224.00

University Hospital Frankfurt

7.5/10 from 97 Votes

Chemotherapy of retinoblastoma (1 course)

The Department of Hematology, Oncology, Hemostasis, Rheumatology and Infectology at the University Hospital Frankfurt specializes in the treatment of all diseases of the hymatopoietic system and solid tumors.


Duration 5 days
Type of Treatment: Outpatient
location_onCountry: Germany
location_searchingCity: Frankfurt am Main

Price 6147.00

Charite University Hospital Berlin

9/10 from 95 Votes

Chemotherapy of retinoblastoma (1 course)

The Charité Comprehensive Cancer Center integrates the clinical and research activities for all Charité departments and institutes dealing with Cancer. The director of the Charité Comprehensive Cancer Center is Prof. Dr. med. Ulrich Keilholz.


Duration 5 days
Type of Treatment: Outpatient
location_onCountry: Germany
location_searchingCity: Berlin

Price 7663.00

University Hospital Heidelberg

9/10 from 57 Votes

Chemotherapy of retinoblastoma (1 course)

The Department of Hematology, Oncology and Rheumatology at the Heidelberg University Hospital makes every effort to provide medical care of the highest quality to the patients with oncologic and rheumatologic diseases.


Duration 5 days
Type of Treatment: Outpatient
location_onCountry: Germany
location_searchingCity: Heidelberg

Krankenhaus Nordwest

9.5/10 from 24 Votes

Chemotherapy of retinoblastoma (1 course)

Department of Oncology and Hematology of Krankenhaus Nordwest offers a wide range of medical services, including diagnosis, therapy and treatment of oncological diseases or diseases closely associated with the circulatory system.


Duration 5 days
Type of Treatment: Outpatient
location_onCountry: Germany
location_searchingCity: Frankfurt am Main

Price 4878.00

Städtisches Klinikum Schwabing

8.5/10 from 7 Votes

Chemotherapy of retinoblastoma (1 course)

The Department of Hematology, Oncology, Immunology, Palliative Medicine, Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine in Schwabing treats all benign blood diseases, disorders of the immune and coagulation system, all forms of blood cancer, and the most of cancers.


Duration 5 days
Type of Treatment: Outpatient
location_onCountry: Germany
location_searchingCity: Munich

Price 5041.00

RWTH University Hospital Aachen

8.7/10 from 41 Votes

Chemotherapy of retinoblastoma (1 course)

The Department of Oncology, Hematology and Stem Cell Transplant provides patient care on both inpatient and outpatient basis. The focuses of the inpatient treatment are acute leukemia and high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous blood stem cell transplantation.


Duration 5 days
Type of Treatment: Outpatient
location_onCountry: Germany
location_searchingCity: Aachen

Price 5010.00

Alfried Krupp Hospital in Essen-Ruettenscheid

9.9/10 from 42 Votes

Chemotherapy of retinoblastoma (1 course)

The main treatment areas of the Department of Internal Medicine I, headed by Prof. Dr. med. Thomas Budde, are invasive and non-invasive cardiac diagnostics and therapy of all cardiac diseases.


Duration 5 days
Type of Treatment: Outpatient
location_onCountry: Germany
location_searchingCity: Essen

Price 4542.00

University Hospital Dusseldorf

9.9/10 from 71 Votes

Chemotherapy of retinoblastoma (1 course)

The Department of Hematology, Oncology and Clinical Immunology at the University Hospital Dusseldorf provides treatment of patients with blood diseases, cancer and immune system diseases. The Department focuses on the treatment of malignant diseases of  blood, bone marrow and lymph nodes. .


Duration 5 days
Type of Treatment: Outpatient
location_onCountry: Germany
location_searchingCity: Duesseldorf

Price 6343.00

Hannover Medical School, MHH

9.8/10 from 43 Votes

Chemotherapy of retinoblastoma (1 course)

The clinic of hematology, hemostasis, oncology and stem cell transplantation is a leading therapeutic clinic of the Medical Institute of Hannover for patients with solid tumor and systemic diseases, with other partially benign diseases of the hematopoietic system, as well as bleeding disorders.


Duration 5 days
Type of Treatment: Outpatient
location_onCountry: Germany
location_searchingCity: Hannover

Price 5320.00

Städtisches Klinikum Neuperlach

9.8/10 from 11 Votes

Chemotherapy of retinoblastoma (1 course)

The department of hematology and oncology diagnosed and treated malignant tumors. The therapeutic spectrum includes all medicamentous treating methodes including chemotherapy, antibody, immune and hormone therapy. Cancer patients benefit from interdisciplinary treatment.


Duration 5 days
Type of Treatment: Outpatient
location_onCountry: Germany
location_searchingCity: Munich

Price 4875.00

Gummersbach District Hospital of the Klinikum Oberberg

9.6/10 from 23 Votes

Chemotherapy of retinoblastoma (1 course)

The Department of Internal Medicine II at the Klinikum Oberberg in Gummersbach focuses on diagnosis and treatment of oncological and hematological diseases.


Duration 5 days
Type of Treatment: Outpatient
location_onCountry: Germany
location_searchingCity: Gummersbach

Price 4543.00

Salem-Spital

9.6/10 from 29 Votes

Chemotherapy of retinoblastoma (1 course)

Specialists in Department of Oncology of Salem-Spital are also involved in Swiss Tumor Institute STI. Among our partners there is a competenct network that offers real advantages in diagnosis and therapy of tumors and treats patients as the focus of its work.


Duration 5 days
Type of Treatment: Outpatient
location_onCountry: Switzerland
location_searchingCity: Bern

University Hospital Halle (Saale)

9.5/10 from 78 Votes

Chemotherapy of retinoblastoma (1 course)

The Department of Internal Medicine IV (Hematology and Oncology) covers the whole range of hematology and oncology. This includes prevention, diagnosis, therapy and post-operative care for cancer of all organs and blood.


Duration 5 days
Type of Treatment: Outpatient
location_onCountry: Germany
location_searchingCity: Halle

Price 5405.00

St. Anna Hospital Herne

9.5/10 from 7 Votes

Chemotherapy of retinoblastoma (1 course)

The Department of Gastroenterology specializes in: Treatment of gastrointestinal diseases Hepatology Endoscopy, ultrasound, gastroenterological diagnostics Diabetology Oncology Treatment of infectious diseases.


Duration 5 days
Type of Treatment: Outpatient
location_onCountry: Germany
location_searchingCity: Herne

Price 4949.00