Upon endometriosis, the glandular tissue lining the uterus grows and migrates beyond its natural location. The newly-formed portions of the endometrium can occur in various parts of the reproductive system (in the ovaries, fallopian tubes) or outside the same (in the intestines, kidneys, lungs and so on). In some cases, the further diagnostics requires curettage.
The essence of the procedure is to remove the surface layer of the endometrium. The resulting material is subjected to histological examination, which allows eliminating the malignant nature of the disease accurately.
Surgery is performed under intravenous anesthesia. The physician examines the uterus with the help of an optical instrument (hysteroscope). Then he scrapes the cervical channel and uterine body with a curette. The tissue samples are collected into sterile tubes and sent to the lab. The whole procedure takes about 15 minutes.
After intervention, the patient is taken to the room where she remains under close medical supervision. She is allowed to get up and move around immediately after anesthesia termination. The painkillers and antibacterial agents are prescribed when required.
When the patient feels good, she is discharged on day 2. Based on the histological analysis findings, the physician develops the further diagnostic program.