Don't panic if you were diagnosed with Av-malformation. This disease is susceptible to modern treatment techniques.
Below, methods of Av-malformation of brain treatments are listed. By clicking on the search results, not only will you be able to find the most suitable clinics and the best specialists in this field, you will also be able to find out how much such treatments cost and book the program you are interested in online.
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Av-malformation of brain is an abnormal tangle of abnormal blood vessels that connect the arteries and veins in the area of the brain. Overall, arteries are responsible for the transportation of blood from heart to brain Moreover, this blood must be rich in oxygen, that's why arteries contain special oxygen-cells. Blood which does not have an oxygen is carried to lungs and back to the heart, because brain can naturally accept only oxygen-cells blood. In case av-malformation this process of blood interchange becomes disrupted. It means that blood with oxygen and blood without oxygen mix and create chaos. Av-malformation can develop in any part of the body, but most often if effects brain and spine. Brain av-malformation is very rare disease with 1% of world population having it.
Cause of brain malformation still remains unknown. It is a congenital disease, but it manifests itself when a person is in his adulthood. It is not transmitted genetically, which means that this disease appears absolutely randomly.
First symptoms of av-malformation may appear at the age of 11-12. Some patients begin to feel the rupture of brain tissues only when they are 40 or 50. Symptoms gradually build up and become more and more severe over the course of several years. Sometimes brain malformation manifests itself during pregnancy, when a woman suddenly experiences hemorrhage of brain tissues and severe headaches. Nevertheless, brain malformation is more common in men that women. According to Brain Foundation.org, which is a medical site, if the first symptom of this disease was hemorrhage, it can become fatal in 10%. That`s why timely treatment is so important.
The most dangerous type of brain malformations is called the Galen defect. This defect is inborn and it can appear either after the birth or during the first months of baby`s life. If the person has the Galen effect, the blood vessels start to accumulate in his rain to the point when the head swells enormously. The swelling is especially seen on the scalp and near the neck. Because of this swelling brain experiences compression and the fluid, which was earlier directed in specific areas of the brain, starts to freely flow in any part of the hemisphere. The Galen defect may also cause various heart diseases, because the blood does not return properly back to the heart.
The most common diagnostic method for this disease is brain scan. Doctors may also use the cerebral arteriography during which the location of arteries is revealed. Magnetic imaging can also be quite effective. It helps to obtain the microscopic image of the brain with its smallest deviations from the norm. It can also detect if there`s an excessive amount of blood in the brain.
The most dangerous complication of brain malformation is the brain hemorrhage, that`s why treatment of malformation mostly aims to prevent or stop bleeding and future seizures. Medicine in this case may only alleviate the pain and reduce the number of headaches, that's why it's important to undergo surgery. There are such surgical options:
After treatment was finished patients need to undergo the regular check-ups and to maintain the healthy lifestyle. For instance, patients are advised to undergo course of physical therapy and to avoid any stressful situations in future, which can cause the hemorrhage of the bain. Patients also need to regularly control their blood pressure. If it is high, they are prescribed drugs that can normalize the blood flow and prevent hypertension.