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Treatment of Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects

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Cost for treatment

Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
 from  472
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
 from  1406
Surgical treatment of congenital and acquired heart defects with the heart-lung machine
 from  13738

University Hospital Tuebingen

9.17255/10
location_onGermany, Tuebingen

Department of Cardiology

According to the prestigious medical publication Focus, the University Hospital Tuebingen ranks among the top five German hospitals! The hospital was founded in 1805, therefore it is proud of its long history, unique experience, and outstanding achievements in the field of medical care, as well as research and teaching activitie
Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
1818
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
5030
Surgical treatment of congenital and acquired heart defects with the heart-lung machine
38694

University Hospital Ulm

8.7/10
location_onGermany, Ulm

Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Internal Intensive Care

The University Hospital Ulm started its activities 35 years ago and during this time it has become one of the most prestigious medical institutions in Europe. The hospital is famous for its numerous discoveries and the world-class achievements in medicine and pharmaceuticals. The medical facility has 29 specialized departments a
Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
1818
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
5028
Surgical treatment of congenital and acquired heart defects with the heart-lung machine
38890

University Hospital Heidelberg

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Heidelberg

Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pulmonology

According to the Focus magazine, the University Hospital Heidelberg ranks among the top five hospitals in Germany! The hospital is one of the most advanced and reputable medical institutions not only in Germany, but throughout Europe. There are more than 43 specialized departments and 13 medical institutes, which cover all field
Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
0
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
0
Surgical treatment of congenital and acquired heart defects with the heart-lung machine
0

Charite University Hospital Berlin

9/10
location_onGermany, Berlin

Department of Cardiology and Angiology

According to the authoritative Focus magazine, the Charite University Hospital Berlin occupies the first place in the rating of the top German medical facilities! The hospital is one of the largest and leading university medical complexes in Europe. The hospital in Germany provides modern diagnostics and treatment of patients, a
Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
2523
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
6743
Surgical treatment of congenital and acquired heart defects with the heart-lung machine
55159

University Hospital RWTH Aachen

8.7/10
location_onGermany, Aachen

Department of Cardiology, Pulmonology and Angiology

According to the prestigious Focus magazine, the University Hospital RWTH Aachen ranks among the top German hospitals! As a maximum care university medical facility, the hospital guarantees patients first-class medical services combined with a respectful and human attitude. The hospital integrates all the modern options for the
Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
1984
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
5282
Surgical treatment of congenital and acquired heart defects with the heart-lung machine
41241

University Hospital Frankfurt am Main

10/10
location_onGermany, Frankfurt am Main

Department of Cardiology and Angiology

According to the reputable Focus magazine, the University Hospital Frankfurt am Main ranks among the top German medical facilities! The hospital was founded in 1914 and today is a well-known German medical facility, which combines rich traditions and scientific innovations. A medical team of more than 6,500 employees cares about
Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
1794
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
4968
Surgical treatment of congenital and acquired heart defects with the heart-lung machine
36820

University Hospital Jena

8.9/10
location_onGermany, Jena

Department of Cardiology, Angiology, Pulmonology and Intensive Care

According to the prestigious Focus magazine, the University Hospital Jena regularly ranks among the top German medical facilities! The hospital has positioned itself as a multidisciplinary medical facility with a long history of more than 200 years. Since its foundation, the hospital has been constantly developing and modernizin
Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
2030
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
5362
Surgical treatment of congenital and acquired heart defects with the heart-lung machine
41070

University Hospital Erlangen

9.1/10
location_onGermany, Erlangen

Department of Cardiology and Angiology

According to the Focus magazine, the University Hospital Erlangen ranks among the top German medical facilities! The hospital is one of the leading medical facilities in Bavaria and offers the highest level of medical care, which is characterized by the close intertwining of clinical activities with research and training of medi
Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
1887
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
5204
Surgical treatment of congenital and acquired heart defects with the heart-lung machine
39029

University Hospital Würzburg

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Würzburg

Department of Cardiology, Endocrinology, Nephrology and Pulmonology

According to the Focus magazine in 2019, the University Hospital Würzburg ranks among the top national German hospitals! The hospital is one of the oldest medical facilities in Germany. The centuries-old traditions of first-class treatment are combined with the very latest achievements of modern evidence-based medicine and
Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
1829
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
4942
Surgical treatment of congenital and acquired heart defects with the heart-lung machine
36408

University Hospital of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

10/10
location_onGermany, Munich

Department of Cardiology

According to the Focus magazine, the University Hospital of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich is regularly ranked among the best medical institutions in Germany! The hospital is the largest multidisciplinary medical facility, as well as a leading research and training center in Germany and Europe. The hospital is proud of i
Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
2067
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
5319
Surgical treatment of congenital and acquired heart defects with the heart-lung machine
41067

University Hospital Duesseldorf

9.5/10
location_onGermany, Duesseldorf

Department of Cardiology, Pulmonology and Angiology

According to the authoritative Focus magazine, the University Hospital Duesseldorf ranks among the top Germany hospitals! The hospital is an excellent example of a combination of high-quality health care, research and teaching activities. With more than 50,000 inpatients and about 300,000 outpatients every year, the hospital is
Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
2001
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
5438
Surgical treatment of congenital and acquired heart defects with the heart-lung machine
41410

University Hospital Halle (Saale)

9.6/10
location_onGermany, Halle

Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Internal Intensive Care

According to the prestigious Focus magazine, the University Hospital Halle (Saale) ranks among the top German medical facilities! The history of the hospital has more than 300 years, and during this time it managed to earn an excellent reputation not only in Germany, but throughout the world. The hospital positions itself as a s
Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
1819
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
4818
Surgical treatment of congenital and acquired heart defects with the heart-lung machine
36829

University Hospital Marburg UKGM

8.6/10
location_onGermany, Marburg

Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Internal Intensive Care

The University Hospital Marburg UKGM offers patients modern diagnostics and comprehensive therapy at the international level. As a maximum care hospital, the medical facility specializes in all fields of modern medicine ranging from ophthalmology to traumatology and dentistry. The main areas of specialization of the hospital are
Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
1725
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
4704
Surgical treatment of congenital and acquired heart defects with the heart-lung machine
34465

University Hospital Rechts der Isar Munich

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Munich

Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pulmonology

According to the prestigious FOCUS magazine, the University Hospital Rechts der Isar Munich ranks among the Germany's top medical institutions! Founded in 1834, the hospital combines long traditions and the very latest achievements of modern medicine. The medical facility includes 33 specialized departments, 20 interdiscipli
Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
1894
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
5332

University Hospital Bonn

9.2/10
location_onGermany, Bonn

Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Pulmonology

According to the authoritative Focus magazine, the University Hospital Bonn ranks among the top ten medical facilities in Germany! The hospital was opened on January 1, 2001, although in fact it inherits the medical facility, which operated at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Bonn. The hospital in Germany combin
Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
1897
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
5355
Surgical treatment of congenital and acquired heart defects with the heart-lung machine
41342

University Hospital Muenster

9.8/10
location_onGermany, Muenster

Department of Cardiology

According to the Focus magazine, the University Hospital Muenster ranks among the top German hospitals! The hospital belongs to the most prestigious medical institutions in Germany. The hospital is distinguished by a high professionalism of its doctors, state-of-the-art technological equipment and the availability of the most ad
Congenital and Acquired Heart Defects Diagnosis
1798
Congenital and acquired heart defects conservative treatment and holter monitoring
4868
Surgical treatment of congenital and acquired heart defects with the heart-lung machine
36528
| from Booking Health GmbH

About the disease

Congenital heart defects are the congenital anomalies of the heart. They can also be called inborn heart defects. Usually it means that there is some problem with the heart structure, which developed during pregnancy. Frequency of congenital heart defects is as high as 1% in all newborns.

Most common congenital heart defects are:

  • Septal valve defect
  • Narrowing of the aortic isthmus
  • Atrial septal defect
  • Stenosis of the pulmonary artery valve
  • Aortic valve stenosis
  • Ebstein`s anomaly
  • Dextocardia

Inborn heart defects are the most common and they have the highest occurrence rate. Other types of congenital heart defects may develop if there is some problem between connection of the heart and major blood vessels. For example, such broken connection may occur between aorta and pulmonary artery. In this regard, blood in the body gets extremely low level of oxygen, which may be life-threatening. Stenosis of pulmonary valve also happens frequently. The more heart defect is complex, more likely heart surgery is the only method of treatment.

Congenital heart defects are rarely diagnosed right after birth. Usually symptoms manifest themselves during the lifetime. It was noted that only those congenital heart defects which are associated with the disruption of pulmonary artery can be diagnosed during the first weeks of child`s life. If a child has a valve stenosis of the pulmonary artery, he has the narrowing of the valve, which means that he does not have enough oxygen. This type of congenital heart defect may also be diagnosed early.

As child gets older, new heart defects, a combination of congenital and newly emerged defects, are appeared. In such case, child who already had correctional heart surgery, may later need another surgery as well. Most common inborn heart defect if the aortic stenosis, which is narrowing (stenosis) of the aorta.

There are many causes known to modern medicine, which can provoke the development of heart disease. Most common causes include genetic predisposition. Inborn heart defects may appear as a result of such infection as rubella, which usually develops during the pregnancy. If patients are closely related, for instance, if they are cousins or have the same gene pool, there is a high risk of heart disease development. Also bad habits of both parents may influence baby`s health. For instance, if a pregnant woman drinks alcohol or smokes tobacco, it can provoke abnormalities in baby`s heart and lungs development. If there is at least one relative with history of heart defect, a woman is examined more often, because a child can also have it. Also if a child has Down syndrome and it was diagnosed during the pregnancy, there is a high risk factor of having heart defect.

Symptoms

Variety of symptoms may indicate an inborn heart defect. Main symptom of heart defect is the lack of oxygen. It may be manifested through the blue, pale color of the skin, lips and nails. Along with this, a person may experience sudden palpitations and swelling of feet, phalanges, ankles or abdomen. Because there is not enough oxygen in person`s body, he can also feel dizzy and faint. Even simple exercises can result in breathlessness.

Diagnosis

Today it is possible to detect inborn heart defects and vascular malformation during the prenatal diagnosis. However, prenatal diagnosis does not serve as a basis for termination of pregnancy. Rather it is designed to provide optimal medical care to the baby after birth, because it is much more difficult to diagnose the defect after child was born than during the development in mother’s womb.

Many inborn heart defects cause loud heart murmurs which may be heard through a stethoscope, which is the most widespread diagnosis device for the detection of heart problems. Depending on the nature of the noise in the heart specialists can detect the cause of murmurs.

With the help of ECG doctors can also detect disturbance in the heart rhythm and determine size and location of heart`s upper chambers. Today the most important method of diagnostic evaluation is echocardiography. This ultrasound accurately reflects heart`s structure and gives doctors an opportunity to see all valves, arteries and upper chambers of the heart. Echocardiography is absolutely painless and it does not pose any risk as cardiac catheterization diagnosis does.

Holter monitoring is device which records the heartbeat for 24 hours to determine if there is anomaly.

Treatment

All interventional heart surgeries present the same goal – correction of heart defect. Surgery mostly aims to normalize blood supply and blood pumping to the whole body and lungs. During such surgery blood with low oxygen level is immediately sent to the arteries, where it is enriched with oxygen. Such operation also has healing effect on the heart rhythm and thus it extends patient’s life.

A particular challenge among severe heart disease treatment is a transposition of the great vessels. This operation is usually done right after the birth of child. In the absence of a transposition, newborns with heart disease die within few days after the birth. During the surgery, surgeons disconnect the aorta and pulmonary artery and rearrange them to the right place.

Surgical treatment is usually performed with the help of heart-lung machine, which allows the patient to breathe and pump blood, while surgeon conducts operation.

Authors: Dr. Nadezhda IvanisovaDr. Farrukh Ahmed




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