Do not get frightened if you have been diagnosed with diabetic retinopathy. We are here to help you deal with thid condition. Not only can you find here useful information about your disease, you can also book a private consultation with the best specialists in opthalmology.
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Diabetic retinopathy is disease of an eye, which mainly occurs because of diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy develops due to damage of retinal vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. This disease is believed to occur to 30% of patients with diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy is most likely to develop among people who have either type first or second of diabetes. According to NHS, medical site, children with diabetes who are over 12 should regularly check up their eyes, because they are in higher risk. New studies showed that conventional therapy and intensive management of diabetes reduces probability of DR appearance by 74% and occurrence of proliferative retinopathy - by 57%.
Types of diabetic retinopathy:
As it was mentioned before, DR is caused by diabetes. It happens because excessive amount of sugar in blood destroys certain vessels that bring nourishment and blood supply to retina. Without these vessels eye start to develop its own blood vessels, but they can not work as effectively as proper ones did, and then there is leakage, which destroys retina.
Also people who do not check their blood sugar level regularly can develop diabetic retinopathy. In rare cases high blood pressure and pregnancy can also cause DR.
In its early forms, diabetic retinopathy is almost always painless and patient might not even notice loss of vision. As disease progresses, a person can develop intraocular hemorrhage, accompanied by appearance of veil in front of the eye and strange dark spots, which disappear after some time. Massive vitreous hemorrhage can lead to complete loss of vision. Macular edema can also cause an appearance of veil in front of an eye. It can become difficult to work with small objects or read.
Diagnosis is usually done during simple examination of diluted pupils to examine the state of retina. Usually, he uses special drops that can significantly dilate pupils. These drops can cause blurring of vision, but it always wears off after several hours. Strange new blood vessels or swelling of retina can indicate that a patient has diabetic retinopathy. Some abnormalities in optic nerve can also indicate presence of DR. Angiography helps to make a picture of an eye and assess its state for any changes in its structure. Tomography can also show pictures of an eye and it also determines the thickness of retina.
Most patients who suffered from diabetes more than 10-12 years have some form of retinal lesion problem. Careful monitoring and assessment of glucose levels, dietary restrictions and healthy lifestyle can reduce risk of blindness by several times. However, the most effective preventive measure for people with a long-term diabetes is regular examination at an ophthalmologist.
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