If you have been diagnosed with esophageal cancer, this is not a call for despair. Usually this type of cancer manifests itself in its early stages so, if you are diagnosed in time, you stand a good chance to recover from it.
Below, methods of esophageal cancer treatments are listed. By clicking on the search results, not only will you be able to find the most suitable clinics and the best specialists in this field, you will also be able to find out how much such treatments cost and book the program you are interested in online.
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Esophageal cancer affects the esophagus, which is the tube that carries chewed food from the mouth to the stomach. Most commonly, esophageal cancer develops in the inner layer of the esophagus, also known as the mucosa. As it starts to progress, malignant cells spread to other layers of the esophagus located outside the inner lining of this organ.
According to the American Cancer Society, approximately 16,900 new cases of this type of cancer are diagnosed in the USA alone. This disease is 3 times more common in males than in females, although the reason for this has not yet been determined. Esophageal cancer accounts for 1% of all cancers, which makes it relatively rare.
Recent statistics show that the survival rate for a localized tumor is 40%. A regional tumor has a 5-year survival rate of approximately 21% and a distant tumor that has spread to other organs has a 5-year survival rate of only 5%.
Although the exact cause of esophageal cancer has not yet been determined, smoking, obesity and alcoholism are believed to be risk factors. People with reflux disease, HPV infection and precious esophagus injuries are also in the risk group.