Do not despair if you have been diagnosed with Parkinson disease. We are here to help you. This disease increases in intensity very slowly, and even after the diagnosis most patients can enjoy a full life for many years.
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Parkinson disease is a chronic, progressive brain disease, first described in the beginning of nineteenth century by the English doctor-physician John Parkinson. It is also known as a tremor disease. Patients with Parkinson often suffer from uncontrolled limb tremor (tremors), muscles stiffness, impaired joint coordination and problem with speech. These signs usually develop after age 55, although there are cases of Parkinson under the age of 55 years.
Parkinson disease is progressive, its symptoms over time aggravate and worsen. Despite the fact that Parkinson disease eventually leads to disability and total loss of motion capacity. Tremor often starts with a slight trembling of the fingers or of even individual fingertips. In some cases tremor is accompanied by uneven movement of middle finger and thumb which looks like a person is rolling invisible pills. These symptoms may appear with other disorders of nervous system, such discoordination. Shaking is particularly evident during the "pill rolling syndrome" which occurs mostly when the patient is stressed and devastated about something. Although tremor of limbs and joints causes considerable further inconvenience, it does not end in a total loss of vital capacity skills and disappears only in times when the person is soundly sleeping. Many patients with tremor disease suffer only from a little shaking.
Tremor develops as a result of damage or destruction of particular nerve endings, located in the black substance of a brain. In healthy brain these nerve cells produce such element as dopamine. The function of this element is to ensure the normal movement of nerve transmission with each other. In Parkinson disease the reduced production of dopamine interferes with the normal transmission of nerve impulses.
Several medications taken for a long time at high doses can cause Parkinson. These includes drugs prescribed for the treatment of certain mental disorders, as well as anti-nausea medications, such as metoclopramide. The anti-epileptic valproic acid may also cause some of the most well-known symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Parkinson may also be caused by an infectious, traumatic brain injury, infectious exposure.
In addition, the everyday chores such as shower taking, shaving, cooking and bathing require a lot of extra effort and take much more time than usual.
There are no specific diagnostic tests for Parkinson disease. Most often doctors rule out other possible disease, which cause symptoms, similar to Parkinson. Usually, patients with this symptoms are odered MRI, PAT scan, blood test and ultrasound of the brain.
The treatment program for each patient should be individualized, where the rationally selected regimen will allow to achieve good results for a long time.