Parkinson's disease is a chronic, progressive brain disease, first described in the beginning of nineteenth century by the English doctor-physician John Parkinson. It is also known as a tremor disease. Patients with Parkinson often suffer from uncontrolled limb tremor (tremors), muscles stiffness, impaired joint coordination and problem with speech. These signs usually develop after age 55, although there are cases of Parkinson under the age of 55 years.
Parkinson disease is progressive, its symptoms over time aggravate and worsen. Despite the fact that Parkinson's disease eventually leads to disability and total loss of motion capacity. The disease increases its intensity very slowly, and even after the diagnosis most patients can enjoy a full life for many years.
The first real signs of tremor disease are as follows:
In addition, the everyday chores such as shower taking, shaving, cooking and bathing require a lot of extra effort and take much more time than usual.
Tremor often starts with a slight trembling of the fingers or of even individual fingertips. In some cases tremor is accompanied by uneven movement of middle finger and thumb which looks like a person is rolling invisible pills (the so-called "pill rolling syndrome"). These symptoms may appear with other disorders of nervous system, such discoordination. Shaking is particularly evident during the "pill rolling syndrome" which occurs mostly when the patient is stressed and devastated about something. Although tremor of limbs and joints causes considerable further inconvenience, it does not end in a total loss of vital capacity skills and disappears only in times when the person is soundly sleeping. Many patients with tremor disease suffer only from a little shaking.
Slowliness of movement. Over some time, tremor disease accumulates new symptoms, such as slowliness and clumsiness. Rigidity of the leg and hand muscles can result in the impaired and uneven gait. This is rather uncomfortable, as it requires lots of efforts for a person to perform the simplest actions. In rare cases, rigidity slows the movements and causes joint pain.
Disbalance. Parkinson disease, especially in its severe form, is often accompanied by an inability to keep the steady balance. For many years that follow, this problem can be overlooked, as it doesn`t cause any particular discomfort.
Loss of reflexive actions. A wink, a smile, waving a hand while walking - these are reflexive actions of a normal organism, which are carried out automatically on a subconscious level. Patients with tremor disease these actions can disappear altogether. In some cases, patients have a firmly fixed expression of close attention on their face and intense, unblinking stare, which does not vanish even if they are not focused and intentive. Some patients lose the ability for gesticulation.
Many patients also suffer from little speech discomfort - it can become a little modulated and iindistinguishable. The voice loses its tone and becomes very monotonous and quiet.
Trouble swallowing and salivating the food. This symptom occurs in the most final stages of the disease, but, in a few exceptional cases, patients with this symptom are still able to eat on their own.
Dementia. A very small percentage of patients are suffering from ia complete or partial nability to think, percept, understand, prosess and remember. This symptom can only appear in the final stages of the disease. Although mental trouble of thinking is often considered a manifestation of other mental illnesses, it may be caused by other serious diseases, including tremor disease.
Tremor disease develops as a result of damage or destruction of particular nerve endings, located in the black substance of a brain. In healthy brain these nerve cells produce such element as dopamine. The function of this element is to ensure the normal movement of nerve transmission with each other. During the Parkinson's disease the reduced production of dopamine interferes with the normal transmission of nerve impulses.
In the process of aging all people lose some of the dopamine neurons. But patients lose more than half of these neurons, which is abnormal. Although there are other brain cells, that produce dopamine responsible for the regulation of movements, the loss of even a liitle part of these particular cells is catastrophic. Cause of damage or destruction of these cells is still the subject of many studies.
Several medications taken for a long time at high doses can cause Parkinson. These includes drugs prescribed for the treatment of certain mental disorders, as well as anti-nausea medications, such as metoclopramide. The anti-epileptic valproic acid may also cause some of the most well-known symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Parkinson may also be caused by an infectious, traumatic brain injury, infectious exposures.
There are no universal schemes for parkinson disease treatment. The treatment program for each patient should be individualized, where the rationally selected regimen will allow to achieve good results for a long time. The main parkinson disease medications are acting as different neural mediators. This includes some group of antidepressants. Previously, surgical treatment of Parkinson's disease (surgery destroyed parts of the brain responsible for muscle rigidity and tremor), now became obsolete. This can be explained by the successful application of apitherapy. From the Latin apis means bees. The doctors applies the bee stings in the acupressure points. Bees is an effective rehabilitation option for patients with this pathology.
Stung procedure is carried out by highly qualified doctor, who has a large experience in the treatment of neurological patients. At the beginning the amount of stungs is determined by the tolerance and individual sensitivity of the patient to apitoxin. The doctor then selects the treatment regimen individually. The improvement in patient`s health occurs even in a shorter time than during the chemotherapy treatments. Especially stung is effective if applied in the joint. During the apitherapy the doctor can use the bee products.
Apitoxin has a neuroprotective and stimulating effect on the central and peripheral nervous system, as it increases the synthesis of dopamine nerve cells, which has a positive result for the nerve impulses. Bee venom also accelerates the recovery processes in the affected brain regions. It restores normal transmission of nerve impulses and reduces the main symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Bee toxin can also accelerate the blood flow to the nerve cells. It lowers blood viscosity, thus preventing thrombosis, which is common for Parkinson patients..
Apitherapy is a new direction in medicine that can improve the duration of life of patients with this disease. It can also help the patients overcome their emotional distress over the inability to coordinate their movements in a proper way.Hide
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