Stomach cancer is a gradual degeneration of gastric epithelial cells. In 60-70% of cases stomach cancer happens to men, who are aged 60 to 70 years.
The incidence rate is 16-17 people per 100 thousand people worldwide per year. According to recent medical reports the number reaches to 30 persons per 100 thousand people.The duration of the usual pre-clinical period of the disease varies from from 12 months to 5 years. Such countries as South Korea and Russia have the highest incidence rate. Western Europe, US, Canada, Australia, Indonesia have the lowest incidence ratr.
In numerous cases the stomach cancer happens because off the dysplasia of the so-calles mucous membranes, some forms of ulcers, multiple polyps on the walls of the stomach, severe gastritis and other similiar diseases. Smoking, alcohol and flavor enhancers can also contibute to the growth of cancer.
Countries, which have a high level of immediate medical care stomach cancer can detect this disease at its early stages. There, the mortality statistics are quite optimistic. Five-year survival rate of patients with gastrical cancer iis approximately 70-90%.
Men who have stomach cancer live an average 13 years and women - 16 years.
The survival rate:
Stage first, 65-85% of patients survive;
Stage second and thid, only 16-45% survive;
Stage fourth, 7.5% survive.
Early signs of stomach cancer can be absolutely different. They depend on the actial location of the tumor.
Cancer in the front section of the stomach has such signs of stomach cancer as the pain in the heart and constant dehydration.
Stomach cancer symptoms in the median section of the stomach are heavy gastric bleeding and the development of anemia.The pain is can be mistaken with the pancreatic tumor. Stomach cancer symptoms in the lowest section of the stomach are diarrhea, constipation, vomiting and stomach pains.
Some other stomach cancer symptoms are the following pathologies:
Sometimes the food can be thrown up right after the patient had a meal. The described vomit usually has yellow color.
The metamorphosis of perfectly normal and healthy cells into neoplastic cells is a difficult chain of events. The causes of stomach malignant cells are: Excessive use of regular table salt. Meat products and delicacies, which always have sodium nitrate E251 to make the meat red, MSG or E262 to improve the taste. Other harmful products include food that has much fat); Defficiency of ascorbic acid, which normalizes the level of hydrochloric acid and reduces bleeding.
Hereditary predisposition. It is proved that the stomach cancer is 20% higher for people with A (II) blood group.
Immune - lowering epithelial resistance due to lack of immunoglobulin (Ig) A in the mucosal wall.
Second phase is characterized by:
The diagnosis includes physical, instrumental and laboratory methods.
1. Physical methods
Diagnosis begins with a clinical examination of the patient, such palpation and auscultation.
These examinations allow the doctor to detect changes in the color, temperature and the range of patient`s pain. Auscultation of the heart and the chest pain are common complaints of the patient.
2. Instrumental methods
Radiology and endoscopy are used to determine the presence of disease on the nature of the X-ray shadow. Endoscopy obtains a biopsy sample from different parts of the stomach wall for histology and cytology.
3. Additional ways to diagnose neoplastic cells
Laparoscopy - is an additional method of diagnosis of gastric cancer. This technique applies to determine the presence and operability of tumor metastasis. Laboratory examination of biological fluids is used to clarify the condition of the patient before surgery. In recent years, methods for determining the cancer include tumor markers.
The choice of stomach cancer treatment is determined by the stage of carcinogenesis and discussed during the consultation with the specialists from several medical specialties. The main treatment for stomach cancer is surgical excision combined with chemotherapy.
All patients can be conditionally divided into three main groups:
First - patients have early stage;
Second - patients with locally advanced stage, which did not develop to other organs;
Third - Patients with inoperable stage gastric cancer (stage IV patients).
Endoscopic resection is a relatively new treatment for stomach cancer and can be performed in most stomach cancer treatment centers.
Possible complications after the endoscopic resection:
Perforation (full or partial) in walls of the stomach;
Postoperative bleeding - can be effectively stopped by simple physical methods and medicines for stomach cancer.
This surgery opens access to the farthest parts of the tumor during surgery;
Surgical intervention is usually not entirely enough for treatment of gastric cancer.
Chemotherapy has a general negative impact on the body. It can be justified only when there really are chances to cure the stomach cancer.
Palliative chemotherapy. This is an absolutely other type of medical therapy, which is used when it is not possible to totally remove the cancer from the stomach and also from the affected lymph nodes.
Problems with health after chemotherapy are inevitable.
A nutritionist can create a diet that meets the patient`s nutritional needs. The plan, which includes the type and amount of food that the patient will receive after the operation, will help prevent weight loss and discomfort after eating. A nutritionist also helps the patient to choose the foods and food products that meet your needs.
After surgery on the stomach, patients need supplements with vitamins and minerals such as vitamin D, calcium and iron.
However, during gastric cancer is may be difficult to force oneself to eat. The patient may feel discomfort, fatigue, lack of appetite. Also, he may be concerned about nausea and vomiting, constipation or diarrhea.
to eat frequently in small portions(some doctors recommend 6 meals a day).
liquid drink before or after a meal.
to avoid sugary foods and drinks (such as cookies, candies, juices and carbonated water).
check_circle Booking Health Service is free of charge for you.
Send your request for the required treatment program
for your personal health issue.