When people first hear about this type of cancer, they usually wonder what is cervical cancer and where it is located. Cervical cancer develops in the cervix, which is a neck of the uterus. This kind of cancer is the fourth most-widespread cancer among female population. Cervical cancer prognosis states that this tumor is the fourth most-common cause of death among women.
When people think about what are the symptoms of cervical cancer they usually come up with the idea of strong abdominal pain. It`s not entirely true. One may say that cervical cancer symptoms are very tricky, as during early stages of cancer development there are no signs of cervical cancer that can clearly indicate the existence of malignant cells. Usually the vaginal bleeding and postcoital bleeding are first symptoms of cervical cancer. Other early signs of cervical cancer include metastases, that can appear is either lungs or abdomen, most commoly abdomen. Warts cal also be symptoms of cervical cancer.
There are different symptoms of cervical cancer that differentiate depending on cervical cancer stages. When it comes to cervical cancer stages the International Federation of Gynecology outlines 7 stages, in which the first two are very difficult to diagnose, as they lack usual cervical cancer symptoms.
The more rare signs and symptoms of cervical cancer
There are ways to foresee even the least distinguished signs and symptoms of cervical cancer that can raise the chances of effective cervical cancer treatment. The most effective ways are regular screening and PAP test that can detect early the cancerous issue and allow the doctor proscribe cervical cancer treatment. If you see any symptoms of cervical cancer, it is of utmost importance you get tested.
To diagnose even early signs of cervical cancer doctors use three major types of diagnosis:
This types of diagnosis are used only if cervical cancer symptoms are proved to be right after such common examinations as MRI and ultrasound.
HPV infection is probably the biggest risk factor of what causes cervical cancer. Other cervical cancer causes are smoking, big number of sexual partners and also oral contraceptives, if they are used for a long time. Among more rare causes of cervical cancer are malodorous discharge and dysuria. Also postcoital bleeding and discomfort that are most common signs of cervical cancer indicate that causes of cervical cancer must be of an infectional character.
There are many cervical cancer treatment options, that depend on the stage of the tumor.
Hysterectomy (the removal of uterus by surgery). This kind of treatment of cervical cancer is practiced for the stage IA and 1A1
Trachelectomy (surgical treatment for cervical cancer without actual removal of uterus and ovaries). It is practiced during early cervical cancer stages and treatment of this kind can be performed only in limited number of hospitals, as there are few doctors that are able to diagnose the patient with the cancer without advanced signs of cervical cancer. Trachelectomy cannot be performed at stage 1b and 1a, as there is too much risk that cancer can spread to the lymph.
Radiation terapy is another treatment for cervical cancer which is usually used in the combination with surgery.
As we can see cervical cancer symptoms and treatment are proportional and usually doctor chooses cervical cancer treatment by stage, so that the entire cancer is removed from the body of the patient.
Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is an abnormal growth of cells on the cervix. Usually CIN precedes the emergence of cervical cancer and it is the root of what causes cervical cancer. Most apparent symptoms of cervical cancer that emerge during CIN are chronic cervix infection and sometimes warts.Hide
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