Treatment of Giant Cell Fibroblastoma (gcf)
Best hospitals and doctors for giant cell fibroblastoma (gcf) treatment abroad
Cost for treatment
University Hospital Ulm
Department of Hematology, Oncology, Palliative Care, Rheumatology and Infectology
Samsung Medical Center Seoul
Department of Oncology and Hematology
Rambam Health Care Campus Haifa
Department of Oncology
Medicana International Istanbul Hospital
Department of Oncology
University Hospital Freiburg
Department of Hematology, Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation
University Hospital Heidelberg
Department of Hematology, Oncology, Adult and Pediatric Rheumatology
University Hospital Würzburg
Department of Gastroenterology, Hematology, Oncology, Stem Cell Therapy, Hepatology, Infectology, Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology
University Hospital Erlangen
Department of Hematology and Internal Oncology
University Hospital RWTH Aachen
Department of Oncology, Hematology and Stem Cell Transplant
University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden
Department of Oncology
University Hospital Halle (Saale)
Department of Hematology and Oncology
University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf
Department of Hematology, Oncology, Pneumology (Medical Department II)
Charite University Hospital Berlin
Charité Comprehensive Cancer Center
University Hospital Cologne
Department of Oncology, Hematology, Clinical Infectiology, Clinical Immunology, Hemostasis, Intensive Care
University Hospital Bonn
Department of Oncology, Hematology, Rheumatology and Immunoncology
Giant cell fibroblastoma is a pediatric tumor, one of the rare types of sarcoma, which develops very slowly. Although this tumor is not cancer, it still can spread to local areas of the brain near the tissues where it started to progress. The most common treatment option for this tumor is a surgical excision, which proved to be the most effective as well. Giant cell fibroblastoma develops mostly in children younger than 10 years old. This type of tumor is common both for males and females, although the the former is more susceptible to developing it. There is no racial or geographic predisposition for this tumor, as it is usually caused by genetic predisposition. Although the exact cause of giant cell fibroblastoma has not yet been determined, it is believed that genetic mutations play the leading role in the development of this tumor. It develops in certain types of cells, known as fibroblasts, which can be affected by certain genetic mutations. Giant cell fibroblastoma mostly develops in the trunk, although it can also start in the neck or extremities. According to the Pathologyoutlines.com giant cell fibroblastoma has 50% chance of recurrence. The good news is that it rarely metastizes and with proper treatment and timely diagnosis can be efficiently treated. Most commonly, giant cell fibroblastoma is diagnosed in subcutis. It has the form of a gray or yellow mass, which resembles mucous. Even though giant cell fibroblastoma is in most cases a head tumor, it rarely causes any headaches or pain altogether. There is only a hard mass on the head, which can be painful upon touching. This is generally the first manifestation of giant cell fibroblastoma.
- Hard mass on the head
- The mass can also develop on the neck, chest or near the extremities
- Apart from that, there are no specific symptoms for giant cell fibroblastoma
- During a general examination, a doctor will examine the hard mass and determine if it is painful during the moderately deep palpation. Also, he will ask about the medical and family history to understand if there were cases of sarcoma or other types of tumors among the members of a child`s family.
- A biopsy is used to examine the tissue of a tumor under the microscope and determine its type. The biopsy is also used to rule out the possibility of malignancy and determine the stage of giant cell fibroblastoma.
- MRI and CT scans are used to screen the tumor and understand how quickly it progresses. These imaging scans also help to determine if local areas have been affected by the tumor.
Tumor resection is a surgery, during which fibroblastoma is resected. As it was mentioned before, this is the most effective type of surgery for this tumor. A surgeon tries to completely resect the tumor to avoid recurrence in future. In case the tumor is advanced and it affected the local tissues, a child may need to undergo a course of radiotherapy later, although this is an extremely rare case and excision is usually enough. It may take several days after the surgery for a child to completely recover, so these days need to be spent in the hospital under close observation of the doctors.