diagnostic: Thyroid Lymphoma. Diagnostic
Thyroid gland lymphoma (TGL) is a malignant tumor, which grows out of the lymphoid tissue. The pathology is accompanied by severe symptoms, including fever, fatigue, and speech disorders. The success of the fight against TGL is largely determined by the timely diagnosis.
The survey begins with the oncologist’s advice. The physician clarifies complaints, examines the thyroid gland and neck lymph nodes. If there is a suspicion for lymphoma, the patient is prescribed a set of studies, including:
- Complete blood count. The patients often show an increase or reduction in the number of white blood cells and an increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate.
- Blood chemistry with a complete hemogram. Upon TGL, the test findings show elevated levels of lactate dehydrogenase and uric acid.
- Abdominal ultrasound. Once in the liver and spleen, and malignant cells cause an increase in their size.
- Comprehensive CT/MRI. It allows diagnosing the damage of all body systems.
- Percutaneous puncture of the thyroid gland with cytological, histological and immunophenotypic biopsy. Using a thin needle and ultrasound, the physician makes a puncture and takes a sample of thyroid gland for research. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia. In the laboratory, the tumor tissue is examined under a microscope. The test establishes whether it is lymphoma, and if so, its specific type is identified (B- or T-cell).
During diagnostics, the patient's condition is alleviated by symptomatic therapy. The cost of medicines in each case is determined individually, depending on the amount of assistance provided. After completion of all activities, the physician establishes an accurate diagnosis and develops a plan for further treatment.Hide